Page 14: Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality: Guideline Technical Document – Vinyl Chloride

Part II. Science and Technical Considerations (continued)

Appendix A: List of Acronyms

ALARA
as low as reasonably achievable
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
AOP
advanced oxidation process
ASL
angiosarcoma of the liver
bw
body weight
CAA
chloroacetaldehyde
CEO
chloroethylene oxide
CI
confidence interval
CPVC
chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
CSA
Canadian Standards Association
CYP
cytochrome P450
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
ELCD
electrolytic conductivity detector
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency ( U.S.)
EQL
estimated quantitation limit
GAC
granular activated carbon
GC
gas chromatography
GSH
glutathione
HBV
health-based value
HCC
hepatocellular carcinoma
IARC
International Agency for Research on Cancer
LD 50
median lethal dose
LOD
limit of detection
LOQ
limit of quantification
MDL
method detection limit
MRL
minimum reporting level
MS
mass spectrometer/spectrometry
NADPH
reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
NOAEL
no-observed-adverse-effect level
NPC
National Plumbing Code
NSF
NSF International
PBPK
physiologically based pharmacokinetic
PID
photoionization detector
POD
point of departure
PQL
practical quantification limit
PTA
packed tower aeration
PVC
polyvinyl chloride
RNA
ribonucleic acid
RR
relative risk
SCC
Standards Council of Canada
SIM
selected ion monitoring
SMR
standardized mortality ratio
SPAC
single product allowable concentration
TDI
tolerable daily intake
UV
ultraviolet
VOC
volatile organic compound
WHO
World Health Organization

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