Asylum and immigration: Separate Processes

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Asylum and immigration: Separate Processes
Text version: Asylum and immigration: Separate Processes

Asylum claims made at the border are not delaying immigration applications. Two separate processes are followed.

Immigration applicants

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) processes immigration applications, including:

  • Spouses and dependent children: Majority processed in 12 months or less
  • Economic immigrants: Majority processed in 6 months or less
  • Refugees resettled from abroad: 3 times more resettled in 2020 than in 2014

Following a decision:

  • accepted applicants arrive in Canada as permanent residents
  • refused applicants are denied permission to enter Canada

Asylum claimants

The Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) of Canada processes asylum claims, including:

  • claims made at the border
  • claims made at an IRCC or CBSA office
  • claims made after entry between official crossings

Following a decision:

  • accepted claimants can apply for permanent resident status in Canada
  • refused claimants leave Canada or are removed

Asylum claimants are not placed ahead of immigrants who already have applications in progress.

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