Backgrounder: Canada and Ontario to make significant infrastructure investments that will improve the lives of Canadians


Supporting new projects that build prosperous communities and transition to a clean growth economy

Under the $180 billion Investing in Canada infrastructure plan, the Government of Canada is signing new bilateral agreements with all provinces and territories, which will see more than $33 billion in federal investment towards significant infrastructure projects across the country. The objective of these investments is to transform the way Canadians live, move and work in four priority areas:

  • Public transit;
  • Green infrastructure;
  • Community, culture, and recreation infrastructure; and
  • Rural and northern communities.

Ontario will match new federal funding in part through its provincial infrastructure plan, which is investing more than $190 billion over 13 years.

Ontario's Funding Allocations

The table below shows the allocations for Ontario by funding stream from 2018-2028 which amounts to $11,846,483,456.

Funding Stream


Expected Outcomes at Project Completion*

Public Transit

$8,340,401,116** to build new urban transit networks and service extensions that will transform the way Canadians live, move and work.

Ontario will provide $7,279,080,921 in provincial funding.

** This amount includes $872.2 million approved for the Ottawa Light Rail Transit Stage 2 project, and up to $660 million for the Scarborough Subway extension project, pending submission and approval

  • Improved capacity of public transit infrastructure
  • Improved quality and safety of existing and future transit systems
  • Improved access to public transit systems

Green Infrastructure

$2,848,855,330** to support greenhouse gas emission (GHG) reductions; enable greater adaptation and resilience to the impacts of climate change and climate-related disaster mitigation, and ensure that more communities can provide clean air and safe drinking water for their citizens.

Ontario will provide $2,350,305,647 in provincial funding.

** This amount includes $218.9 million for the Ottawa Light Rail Transit Stage 2 project, and $384.2 for the Port Lands Flood Protection and Enabling Infrastructure project

  • Increased capacity to manage more renewable energy
  • Increased access to clean energy transportation
  • Increased energy efficiency of buildings
  • Increased generation of clean energy
  • Increased structural capacity and increased natural capacity to adapt to climate change impacts, natural disasters and extreme weather events
  • Increased capacity to treat and manage wastewater and stormwater
  • Increased access to potable water
  • Increased capacity to reduce or remediate soil and air pollutants

Community, Culture and Recreation Infrastructure

$407,159,893 towards community, culture and recreation infrastructure to build stronger communities and improve social inclusion.

Ontario will provide $335,906,912 in provincial funding.

  • Improved access to and increased quality of community, cultural and recreational infrastructure for Canadians, including  Indigenous Peoples and vulnerable populations

Rural and Northern Communities Infrastructure

$250,067,117 to support projects that improve the quality of life in rural and northern communities by responding to rural and northern specific needs.

Ontario will provide $206,305,372 in provincial funding.

  • Improved food security
  • Improved and more reliable road, air and marine infrastructure
  • Improved broadband connectivity
  • More efficient and reliable energy
  • Improved education and health facilities that benefit Indigenous peoples (specific to Truth and Reconciliation Commission)

* Outcomes will be obtained through projects, which will be communicated in more details as they are announced.

The bilateral agreement will allow the Government of Canada and Ontario to agree on shared results as well as a method of reporting on results on a regular basis. The bilateral agreement supports the following long-term results:

  • Increase the rate of economic growth in an inclusive and sustainable way;
  • Improve environmental quality, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase resiliency of communities;
  • Improve mobility in Canadian communities;
  • Make Canadian communities more inclusive and accessible; and
  • Manage infrastructure in a more sustainable way.

Under this new bilateral agreement, the Government of Canada will not only make significant investments in Canadian communities, but also open the door to unique and innovative project ideas that meet the agreed-upon outcomes. These new ideas will contribute to the long-term sustainability of our infrastructure.

In order to ensure our partners consider opportunities to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions or better adapt to climate change during the project development stage, a new climate lens will be applied for certain projects. Additionally, partners will also report on how larger projects are creating job opportunities for a broader array of Canadians in the construction industry and related sectors through a new Community Employment Benefits framework.

For information on cost-sharing, please see Infrastructure Canada's website.

Ontario's Transit Allocation (by community)

The Public Transit stream will provide provinces, territories and municipalities with funding to address the new construction, expansion, and improvement and rehabilitation of public transit infrastructure.

The table below provides an overview of the maximum transit allocations for the following recipients in Ontario (and is not a comprehensive list):


Maximum Transit Allocation

Provincial Cost Match*
















York Region



* Provincial allocation is assumed based on a 33% cost share with the Government of Canada

Note that other recipients of transit allocations will be announced at a later date.

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