Diphtheria

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Diphtheria is a contagious disease that is caused by bacteria. Anyone who has not been immunized can get diphtheria.

The symptoms of diphtheria include:

  • sore throat
  • fever
  • difficulty breathing

Diphtheria can be very serious, especially for infants and very young children. It was once one of the most common causes of death in Canadian children under the age of 5.

Fortunately, diphtheria can be prevented through immunization. The diphtheria vaccine is a safe and effective way to protect you and your children. Thanks to immunization, in the last twenty years less than 5 cases of diphtheria are reported each year in Canada.

Causes

   Causes

   Causes of the disease, how it's spread, and where it's found.

   Symptoms

    Main symptoms, what to look for and what to do if you become ill.

Risks

   Risks

   What the risks are and who is most at risk.

Treatment

   Treatment

    How the disease is diagnosed and treatment options.

Prevention

   Prevention

   How the disease can be prevented, vaccine information and additional measures.

Surveillance

   Surveillance

   How the disease is monitored.

Health Professionals

   Health Professionals

   Disease description, epidemiology, publications and resources.

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