Health Inequalities in Canada - Described video


Transcript - Health Inequalities in Canada, Described video

A map of Canada with images brightly coloured individuals appears. The figures are scattered across the map.

A horizontally split screen appears. The upper landscape is lush with vegetation and the outline of a city. The lower landscape has barren landscape, smoggy sky, and the outline of factories. On the upper landscape a big house appears. Standing in front of it is a graduate, a worker with a hard hat, figure holding a briefcase, a person with reduced mobility and an adult with a stroller and toddler standing next to a well maintained swing set. On the lower landscape, in contrast, appears a small house and a broken swing set with people standing in front, including a person with a baby in their arm and a toddler, a person with reduced mobility and a person with hard hat.

A new background appears with the words SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH. Under it appear dollar bills, a building, a graduation cap and diploma, a briefcase, and group of people with one person pushing away two persons.

A map of Canada with lines randomly drawn between the individual icons and above it appears the title INEQUITIES.

A split screen appears. The upper screen shows a suburban setting with large home with a garden and mini-van with a smiling pregnant woman. In the lower half of the screen, a dull coloured urban setting appears with closely situated urban buildings with a broken child’s swing set beside it and a frowning pregnant woman.

A new horizontal split screen appears. The top screen shows the animation of a large school building on with a variety of play structures. A child is seen entering the school and leaving as an adult wearing a graduation cap, carrying a briefcase and heading to an office building. In contrast, in the lower screen, there is a small school building with an industrial building outline and no playground equipment. A child enters the school and emerges towards an unemployment office unsmiling. 

A stark scene appears with worn apartments and houses. There are clothes drying on clothing lines.

Scene changes to white background with one hand pricking the finger with a diabetes blood glucose test. From the right side of the screen, an image appears of a frowning individual holding their head in their hands with a dark cloud hanging over him.

Next we see a graph with the Y-axis labelled, DIFFERENCE IN LIFE EXPECTANCY IN YEARS and the X-axis is labelled lowest income to highest income. Four bars appear forming a gradient that increases towards highest income. The highest income bar is highlighted with the number 7 on top, indicating there is a seven-year difference in life span for the highest earners vs the lowest earners.

Screen changes. On the left side of the screen fruits and vegetables appear and on the right side a house and apartment building are seen. Picture zooms-in on the fruits and vegetables and as the camera pans out, the fruits and vegetable are now on a grocery store check-out counter with the cash register reading 3 dollars signs. Two hands appear holding an empty wallet as the last coins drop.

Screen changes to an overflowing basket of groceries with additional groceries beside it. To the right, there is a graph depicting food insecurity percentage. The graph shows: 38 percent First Nations on reserve experience food insecurity; followed by 19 per cent of First Nations off reserve, 25 percent Inuit, 15 percent Métis and 7 percent non-Indigenous. As the bar graph appears the food slowly disappears.

Screen changes and another graph appears showing that 18 per cent of black Canadians, 14 per cent of Latin American Canadians versus 6 percent of white Canadians experience food insecurity.

Next scene shows a graph depicting 24 percent food insecurity for bisexual people versus 8 percent for heterosexuals.

A balanced scale reappears. The left arm drops as it holds a large house whereas the right upper arm holds a smaller house with poorly maintained exterior.

A new scene with a house and a building appears on the left side of the screen and on the right side of the screen is another graph with Y-axis labelled, HOUSING BELOW STANDARDS, PERCENTAGE. On the X-axis, the bars appear showing that 59 percent of recent immigrants experience housing below standards in comparison to 30 percent of non-immigrants.  As the narrator speaks the house and apartment slowly gets erased.

The scene changes to an animated landscape with snowy mountains, hills and valleys, waterfalls and a clear blue lake and forest. The words INDIGENOUS INEQUITIES ARE ROOTED IN COLONIZATION appear on the screen. The scene changes to a snowy jagged mountain top and the words FORCED DISPLACEMENT, BANNING OF LANGUAGES AND CULTURAL PRACTICES, CREATION OF THE RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SYSTEM and UNADDRESSED INTERGENERATIONAL TRAUMA are on screen.

The scene changes to show the words HOW DO WE ADDRESS THESE INEQUITIES? 

A scene appears with an apartment building, dollar bills, a graduation hat and diploma, a briefcase, a group of people in all shapes and sizes, and a red cross sign. Below each icon appears a white checkmark in a green circle.

The background changes and the words ADDRESSING THE CALLS TO ACTION appear with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada logo in English and in French, it consists of individual flames forming a circle, on an orange background.

The earlier scene of the map of Canada against with individually coloured figures appears.

The scene changes to show an image of the cover Key Health Inequalities in Canada: A National Portrait report. The report cover is white with a dark teal and black spine and print lettering with small Canadian flag and the words:  Public Health Agency of Canada/ Agence de la santé publique du Canada on the left corner, a teal coloured Public Health Network logo, which is a stylized maple leaf, is on the bottom right.

The next scene depicts a computer screen, which displays the Health Inequalities Data Tool webpage showing the interface of the dropdown menu with a vertical bars graph.

Colourful landscape appears with images of colourful people in all shapes, sizes, and age. Three teal circles appear at the top of the screen; one with a glowing light bulb, one with a healthy heart beat, and one with a smiley face.

In the final scene, is a sky with the Public Health Agency of Canada logo which is a small Canadian flag with the words Public Health Agency of Canada in English and French written on it, and the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network logo, which is teal coloured with stylized maple leaf. Below that appears the website address of the Health Inequalities Data Tool in English and in French (E:; F:

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