Biosphere reserves in Canada

Biosphere reserves are sites recognized by UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme and are models of a sustainable future that protect and celebrate cultural and biological diversity, and that empower people to engage with one another and with nature in healthier ways. Biosphere reserves in Canada are designated areas where communities are actively working to conserve biodiversity and implement the UN Sustainable Development Goals supported by Canada.


Biosphere reserves have three distinct zones:

Credit: UNESCO

Biosphere reserves in Canada

There are nineteen biosphere reserves across Canada. They reflect the geographic diversity of Canada and some of its most iconic landscapes, and bring people together at a regional level in support of domestic and international environmental and sustainable development goals and principles.

Biosphere reserves are located in areas with high conservation value and potential; all but one are located in southern Canada. There is a biosphere reserve in Northwest Territories and there is at least one in every province, with the exception of Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island.

Credit: Canadian Biosphere Reserves Association

From east to west:

Biosphere reserves in Nova Scotia

A map of Nova Scotia, showing the Biosphere reserves of Southwest Nova (South of the Island) and Bras d'Or Lake (North of the island)

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