Population of the federal public service by department

About the data

When reading the table below, the following information applies:

  • Source of Information: Pay System as of of each year.
  • The federal public service consists of 2 population segments: the core public administration and separate agencies.
  • Departments and agencies in the core public administration are named in schedules I and IV of the Financial Administration Act. The Treasury Board is the employer of this segment of the federal public service.
  • Separate agencies are named in Schedule V of the Act. Separate agencies conduct their own negotiations or set their own classification levels for their employees.
  • Included in this information are:
    • active employees of all employment tenures (indeterminate, term, casual and student)
    • Governor-in-Council appointees
    • deputy Ministers
    • federal Judges
  • Excluded from this information are:
    • inactive employees (employees on leave without pay)
    • ministers’ exempt staff
    • employees locally engaged outside of Canada
    • RCMP Regular Force Members
    • RCMP Civilian Members
    • Canadian Forces Members
  • Population counts for the following separate agencies are not included because their employee information is not available in the Pay System:
    • Canadian Security Intelligence Service
    • National Capital Commission
    • Canada Investment and Savings
    • Canadian Forces Non-Public Funds
    • Security Intelligence Review Committee (before 2010)
Federal public service: annual population by department
Departments and agencies Year
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Core public administration
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada 6938 6958 6644 5991 5291 5194 5167 5234 5277 5292
Assisted Human Reproduction Canada 14 17 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency 766 754 677 590 591 604 615 593 586 588
Canada Border Services Agency 14398 14387 14710 14218 14096 14113 14171 13707 14013 14469
Canada Industrial Relations Board 106 102 89 91 88 0 0 0 0 0
Canada School of Public Service 1017 1010 915 657 625 646 648 610 599 620
Canadian Artists and Producers Professional Relations Tribunal 12 11 10 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Canadian Dairy Commission 64 61 63 59 51 56 60 61 68 65
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency 133 240 240 219 230 229 258 289 278 330
Canadian Grain Commission 692 655 680 625 413 408 403 435 426 429
Canadian Heritage 2358 2066 1981 1753 1821 1773 1762 1759 1841 1862
Canadian Human Rights Commission 199 197 209 215 199 204 205 191 206 199
Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat 25 24 21 23 24 23 22 22 21 24
Canadian International Trade Tribunal 82 81 77 73 77 0 0 0 0 0
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission 436 423 451 444 435 462 450 462 455 493
Canadian Space Agency 714 766 755 663 621 600 616 655 647 692
Canadian Transportation Agency 255 257 250 244 218 241 239 223 235 272
Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP 56 57 55 60 65 74 71 67 67 76
Competition Bureau Canada 12 10 8 9 7 0 0 0 0 0
Copyright Board Canada 15 13 14 15 13 17 14 14 16 15
Correctional Service Canada 17711 18289 19012 18501 18259 17639 17172 17109 17146 17482
Courts Administration Service 636 630 660 623 614 618 668 636 647 715
Department of Finance Canada 803 805 781 756 751 743 735 747 788 802
Department of Justice Canada 4992 5158 5130 4725 4574 4476 4461 4461 4532 4659
Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec 453 456 401 339 348 331 333 336 307 324
Elections Canada 547 706 528 495 520 630 634 584 676 777
Employment and Social Development Canada 26012 24661 22756 20046 21097 21707 22312 23729 24739 25160
Environment and Climate Change Canada 7578 7160 6762 6408 6550 6595 6475 6601 6836 7276
Farm Products Council of Canada 15 16 16 16 17 19 19 0 0 0
Federal Judges not part of any department 1085 1115 1105 1100 1110 1144 1141 1128 1165 1198
Fisheries and Oceans Canada 11159 11004 10923 10294 9958 9858 9901 10230 11138 11911
Global Affairs Canada 6968 6901 6702 6168 6027 5973 5890 6061 6354 6561
Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission Canada 38 46 40 31 0 0 0 0 0 0
Health Canada 10566 10403 10578 9701 9341 9079 9189 9327 9739 10794
Human Rights Tribunal of Canada 19 23 20 21 20 0 0 0 0 0
Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada 998 1078 1060 1034 983 954 973 1031 1087 1413
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada 4752 4996 5017 4850 5927 6385 6587 6465 6993 7864
Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission 19 43 47 25 15 9 0 0 0 0
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada 5371 5427 5409 4975 4857 4684 4582 4708 4931 5087
Infrastructure Canada 332 373 348 308 288 354 351 329 401 514
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada 5769 5581 5233 4773 4711 4742 4776 4947 5146 5459
International Joint Commission 28 30 28 32 31 32 32 32 31 30
Library and Archives Canada 1148 1184 1145 913 1043 1026 938 930 927 981
Military Grievances External Review Committee 37 37 36 38 37 42 35 39 33 37
Military Police Complaints Commission of Canada 14 14 16 18 14 22 26 25 18 25
NAFTA Secretariat 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
National Defence 27291 27394 27177 24939 23146 22611 22954 23178 24024 25278
Natural Resources Canada 4951 4937 4659 4361 4231 4149 4191 4264 4358 4551
Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs Canada 73 70 66 67 58 54 59 59 62 58
Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying of Canada 26 27 28 26 26 27 26 24 22 25
Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages 174 164 165 162 171 172 164 155 164 174
Office of the Governor General’s Secretary 171 190 166 158 155 156 166 149 148 148
Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner of Canada 23 27 30 31 28 25 26 24 23 25
Offices of the information and Privacy Commissioners of Canada 253 256 273 258 261 282 259 261 256 252
Parole Board of Canada 408 409 428 454 459 467 447 448 453 462
Passport Canada 2689 2579 2696 2696 0 0 0 0 0 0
Patented Medicine Prices Review Board Canada 59 66 56 53 55 60 69 69 61 74
Privy Council Office 905 921 892 754 751 727 712 799 1006 1075
Public Health Agency of Canada 2800 2897 2779 2163 2175 2186 2223 2234 2159 2379
Public Prosecution Service of Canada 857 887 930 954 969 968 970 990 1005 991
Public Safety Canada 1127 1127 1113 1112 1057 978 1125 1149 1205 1329
Public Servants Disclosure Protection Tribunal Canada 6 4 7 9 9 0 0 0 0 0
Public Service Commission of Canada 1047 996 975 865 736 738 741 780 809 889
Public Service Staffing Tribunal 37 40 38 32 31 0 0 0 0 0
Public Services and Procurement Canada 13739 14385 13678 12144 11967 12092 12061 12894 13988 15721
RCMP External Review Committee 5 4 3 6 5 6 7 6 6 8
Registrar of the Supreme Court of Canada 220 210 226 216 219 213 212 216 230 225
Registry of the Specific Claims Tribunal of Canada 6 9 11 10 9 0 0 0 0 0
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Civilian Staff) 6250 6147 6210 5971 6065 6437 6571 6801 7240 7564
Statistics Canada 5558 6424 5556 4530 4807 4890 5717 5187 5210 5405
Status of Women Canada 93 102 98 100 98 92 91 99 121 181
Transport Canada 5524 5553 5370 4778 4771 5205 5154 4782 5362 5683
Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada 8 9 10 9 9 0 0 0 0 0
Transportation Safety Board of Canada 216 211 216 202 203 213 215 209 210 216
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat 2097 2177 2073 1860 1778 1761 1728 1841 1954 2125
Veterans Affairs Canada 4123 4089 3839 3602 3188 3174 3413 2809 2800 3159
Western Economic Diversification Canada 510 479 419 335 318 297 292 279 302 316
Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario 0 209 225 218 224 218 222 217 235 240
Shared Services Canada 0 0 0 5299 5394 5236 5157 5257 5816 6528
Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 349 374 570 548 579
Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency 0 0 0 0 0 75 77 78 81 76
Office of the Prime Minister 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Veterans Review and Appeal Board 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 86 85 79
Separate agencies
Canada Revenue Agency 43216 41853 42668 41256 40279 40059 39484 40223 42152 43908
Canadian Food Inspection Agency 6549 6688 6580 6254 6315 6009 5946 6180 6249 6247
Canadian Institutes of Health Research 419 463 424 394 412 432 409 462 470 502
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission 852 872 864 856 821 822 851 859 899 903
Canadian Polar Commission 4 5 4 9 11 14 0 0 0 0
Communications Security Establishment 1752 1871 1985 2075 2171 2168 2162 2209 2361 2549
Financial Consumer Agency of Canada 55 61 68 73 78 84 94 99 115 128
Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada 319 340 376 374 347 355 374 378 372 361
Indian Oil and Gas Canada 77 77 79 84 85 80 85 88 88 87
National Energy Board 357 389 396 409 435 447 469 456 477 479
National Film Board 424 407 425 466 420 394 389 371 399 392
National Research Council Canada 4502 4261 3945 3525 3534 3618 3780 3864 3871 4058
National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy 29 31 32 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Office of the Auditor General of Canada 652 660 653 611 581 571 588 617 603 601
Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Canada 542 562 603 638 684 700 667 688 721 769
Parks Canada 4053 4127 3821 2923 3175 3394 3886 3976 4202 4356
Public Service Labour Relations Board 89 88 88 96 91 0 0 0 0 0
Science and Engineering Research Canada 402 428 424 407 409 418 444 442 447 475
Security Intelligence Review Committee 14 15 17 15 16 18 20 22 25 22
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada 206 216 213 199 205 209 210 211 210 244
Statistical Survey Operations 1845 1681 2371 1601 1699 1642 1701 1797 1504 1485
The Correctional Investigator Canada 26 31 28 33 40 35 37 36 33 41
Northern Pipeline Agency 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Canadian High Arctic Research Station 0 0 0 0 0 0 29 27 61 61
Total 282980 282352 278092 262817 257138 257034 258979 262696 273571 287978

Open datasets

This information is published in HTML, XML and CSV formats and is part of the government’s Open Data Portal. The portal offers machine-readable formats, enabling citizens, private sector and non-government organizations to leverage this data in innovative and value-added ways.

For more information, review the Open Data Licence Agreement, visit the Open Data Portal or browse more datasets.

Available formats

Data file Description
Population of the federal public service by department
(XML version – 108 KB)
(CSV version – 46 KB)

These data present population counts by department for all federal public service organizations (all departments and agencies governed by the Financial Administration Act (FAA) Schedules I, IV and V) from to .table 2 note 3

Population of the federal public service by department and tenure
(XML version – 1,3 MB)
(CSV version – 655 KB)

These data present population counts by department and tenure for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to .table 2 note 1 table 2 note 3

Population of the federal public service by department and province
(XML version – 2.2 MB)
(CSV version – 1.1 MB)

These data present population counts by department and province for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to .table 2 note 1 table 2 note 2 table 2 note 3

Population of the federal public service by department and age group
(XML version – 3.1 MB)
(CSV version – 1,8 MB)

These data present population counts by department and age group for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to .table 2 note 1 table 2 note 3

Population of the federal public service by department and executive level
(XML version – 1.4 MB)
(CSV version – 817 KB)
These data present population counts by department and executive level for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to .table 2 note 1 table 2 note 2 table 2 note 3
Population of the federal public service by department and average age
(XML version – 368 KB)
(CSV version – 195 KB)
These data present population counts by department and average age for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to .table 2 note 3
Population of the federal public service by department and first official language
(XML version – 901 MB)
(CSV version – 468 KB)
These data present population counts by department and first official language for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to .table 2 note 1 table 2 note 3
Population of the federal public service by department and gender
(XML version – 789 KB)
(CSV version – 370 KB)
These data present population counts by department and gender for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to .table 2 note 1 table 2 note 3

Table 2 Notes

Table 2 Note 1

In this dataset the Population counts for the following organizations are merged: Statistics Canada includes employees of Statistical Survey Operations, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada includes employees of Competition Bureau Canada, Global Affairs Canada includes employees of Passport Canada (before 2014), National Defence includes employees of Communications Security Establishment (before 2012), and the Privy Council Office includes employees of the Office of the Prime Minister.

Return to table 2 note 1 referrer

Table 2 Note 2

A portion of the 2016 to 2018 geographic data is not available due to changes in the central data systems.

Return to table 2 note 2 referrer

Table 2 Note 3

The new organization ‘National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians (NSICOP)’ became effective while this data was captured and is therefore not included in this year’s webpages.

Return to table 2 note 3 referrer

Glossary of key terms

To assist you with your analysis of federal public service human resources data, we have compiled a glossary of key terms that are used in many of the Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer’s (OCHRO) demographic snapshots and reports. This glossary has been developed to help provide a common language across OCHRO’s demographic snapshots and reports.

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