Population of the federal public service by department

About the data

When reading the table below, the following information applies:

  • Source of Information: Pay System as of March 31st of each year.
  • The federal public service consists of 2 population segments: the core public administration and separate agencies.
  • Departments and agencies in the core public administration are named in schedules I and IV of the Financial Administration Act. The Treasury Board is the employer of this segment of the federal public service.
  • Separate agencies are named in Schedule V of the Act. Separate agencies conduct their own negotiations or set their own classification levels for their employees.
  • Included in this information are:
    • active employees of all employment tenures (indeterminate, term, casual and student)
    • Governor-in-Council appointees
    • deputy Ministers
    • federal Judges
  • Excluded from this information are:
    • inactive employees (employees on leave without pay)
    • ministers’ exempt staff
    • employees locally engaged outside of Canada
    • RCMP Regular Force Members
    • RCMP Civilian Members
    • Canadian Forces Members
  • Population counts for the following separate agencies are not included because their employee information is not available in the Pay System:
    • Canadian Security Intelligence Service
    • National Capital Commission
    • Canada Investment and Savings
    • Canadian Forces Non-Public Funds
    • Security Intelligence Review Committee (before 2010)
Federal public service: annual population by department
Departments and agencies Year
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Core public administration
Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 349 374 570 548
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada 6,799 6,938 6,958 6,644 5,991 5,291 5,194 5,167 5,234 5,277
Assisted Human Reproduction Canada 6 14 17 14 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency 762 766 754 677 590 591 604 615 593 586
Canada Border Services Agency 14,662 14,398 14,387 14,710 14,218 14,096 14,113 14,171 13,707 14,013
Canada Industrial Relations Board 101 106 102 89 91 88 0 0 0 0
Canada Public Service Agency 572 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Canada School of Public Service 958 1,017 1,010 915 657 625 646 648 610 599
Canadian Artists and Producers Professional Relations Tribunal 10 12 11 10 3 0 0 0 0 0
Canadian Dairy Commission 63 64 61 63 59 51 56 60 61 68
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency 134 133 240 240 219 230 229 258 289 278
Canadian Grain Commission 654 692 655 680 625 413 408 403 435 426
Canadian Heritage 2,418 2,358 2,066 1,981 1,753 1,821 1,773 1,762 1,759 1,841
Canadian Human Rights Commission 184 199 197 209 215 199 204 205 191 206
Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat 21 25 24 21 23 24 23 22 22 21
Canadian International Trade Tribunal 84 82 81 77 73 77 0 0 0 0
Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency 0 0 0 0 0 0 75 77 78 81
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission 447 436 423 451 444 435 462 450 462 455
Canadian Space Agency 667 714 766 755 663 621 600 616 655 647
Canadian Transportation Agency 235 255 257 250 244 218 241 239 223 235
Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP 3 56 57 55 60 65 74 71 67 67
Competition Bureau Canada 12 12 10 8 9 7 0 0 0 0
Copyright Board Canada 15 15 13 14 15 13 17 14 14 16
Correctional Service Canada 16,872 17,711 18,289 19,012 18,501 18,259 17,639 17,172 17,109 17,146
Courts Administration Service 624 636 630 660 623 614 618 668 636 647
Department of Finance Canada 1,102 803 805 781 756 751 743 735 747 788
Department of Justice Canada 4,639 4,992 5,158 5,130 4,725 4,574 4,476 4,461 4,461 4,532
Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec 415 453 456 401 339 348 331 333 336 307
Elections Canada 491 547 706 528 495 520 630 634 584 676
Employment and Social Development Canada 24,214 26,012 24,661 22,756 20,046 21,097 21,707 22,312 23,729 24,739
Environment and Climate Change Canada 6,998 7,578 7,160 6,762 6,408 6,550 6,595 6,475 6,601 6,836
Farm Products Council of Canada 16 15 16 16 16 17 19 19 0 0
Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario 0 0 209 225 218 224 218 222 217 235
Federal Judges not part of any department 1,065 1,085 1,115 1,105 1,100 1,110 1,144 1,141 1,128 1,165
Fisheries and Oceans Canada 10,878 11,159 11,004 10,923 10,294 9,958 9,858 9,901 10,230 11,138
Global Affairs Canada 6,745 6,968 6,901 6,702 6,168 6,027 5,973 5,890 6,061 6,354
Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission Canada 35 38 46 40 31 0 0 0 0 0
Health Canada 10,394 10,566 10,403 10,578 9,701 9,341 9,079 9,189 9,327 9,739
Human Rights Tribunal of Canada 21 19 23 20 21 20 0 0 0 0
Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada 1,009 998 1,078 1,060 1,034 983 954 973 1,031 1,087
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada 4,182 4,752 4,996 5,017 4,850 5,927 6,385 6,587 6,465 6,993
Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada 490 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission 0 19 43 47 25 15 9 0 0 0
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada 4,528 5,371 5,427 5,409 4,975 4,857 4,684 4,582 4,708 4,931
Infrastructure Canada 227 332 373 348 308 288 354 351 329 401
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada 5,549 5,769 5,581 5,233 4,773 4,711 4,742 4,776 4,947 5,146
International Joint Commission 31 28 30 28 32 31 32 32 32 31
Library and Archives Canada 1,200 1,148 1,184 1,145 913 1,043 1,026 938 930 927
Military Grievances External Review Committee 41 37 37 36 38 37 42 35 39 33
Military Police Complaints Commission of Canada 16 14 14 16 18 14 22 26 25 18
NAFTA Secretariat 13 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
National Defence 27,140 27,291 27,394 27,177 24,939 23,146 22,611 22,954 23,178 24,024
Natural Resources Canada 4,767 4,951 4,937 4,659 4,361 4,231 4,149 4,191 4,264 4,358
Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs Canada 69 73 70 66 67 58 54 59 59 62
Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying of Canada 26 26 27 28 26 26 27 26 24 22
Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages 157 174 164 165 162 171 172 164 155 164
Office of the Communications Security Establishment Commissioner 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Office of the Governor General’s Secretary 171 171 190 166 158 155 156 166 149 148
Office of the Prime Minister 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner of Canada 19 23 27 30 31 28 25 26 24 23
Offices of the information and Privacy Commissioners of Canada 206 253 256 273 258 261 282 259 261 256
Parole Board of Canada 401 408 409 428 454 459 467 447 448 453
Passport Canada 2,747 2,689 2,579 2,696 2,696 0 0 0 0 0
Patented Medicine Prices Review Board Canada 51 59 66 56 53 55 60 69 69 61
Privy Council Office 875 905 921 892 754 751 727 712 799 1,006
Public Health Agency of Canada 2,528 2,800 2,897 2,779 2,163 2,175 2,186 2,223 2,234 2,159
Public Prosecution Service of Canada 785 857 887 930 954 969 968 970 990 1,005
Public Safety Canada 1,119 1,127 1,127 1,113 1,112 1,057 978 1,125 1,149 1,205
Public Servants Disclosure Protection Tribunal Canada 2 6 4 7 9 9 0 0 0 0
Public Service Commission of Canada 1,025 1,047 996 975 865 736 738 741 780 809
Public Service Staffing Tribunal 31 37 40 38 32 31 0 0 0 0
Public Services and Procurement Canada 13,206 13,739 14,385 13,678 12,144 11,967 12,092 12,061 12,894 13,988
RCMP External Review Committee 1 5 4 3 6 5 6 7 6 6
Registrar of the Supreme Court of Canada 208 220 210 226 216 219 213 212 216 230
Registry of the Specific Claims Tribunal of Canada 0 6 9 11 10 9 0 0 0 0
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Civilian Staff) 6,091 6,250 6,147 6,210 5,971 6,065 6,437 6,571 6,801 7,240
Shared Services Canada 0 0 0 0 5,299 5,394 5,236 5,157 5,257 5,816
Statistics Canada 5,782 5,558 6,424 5,556 4,530 4,807 4,890 5,717 5,187 5,210
Status of Women Canada 87 93 102 98 100 98 92 91 99 121
Transport Canada 5,396 5,524 5,553 5,370 4,778 4,771 5,205 5,154 4,782 5,362
Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada 8 8 9 10 9 9 0 0 0 0
Transportation Safety Board of Canada 223 216 211 216 202 203 213 215 209 210
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat 1,223 2,097 2,177 2,073 1,860 1,778 1,761 1,728 1,841 1,954
Veterans Affairs Canada 4,137 4,123 4,089 3,839 3,602 3,188 3,174 3,413 2,809 2,800
Veterans Review and Appeal Board 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 86 85
Western Economic Diversification Canada 433 510 479 419 335 318 297 292 279 302
Separate agencies
Canada Revenue Agency 42,239 43,216 41,853 42,668 41,256 40,279 40,059 39,484 40,223 42,152
Canadian Food Inspection Agency 6,400 6,549 6,688 6,580 6,254 6,315 6,009 5,946 6,180 6,249
Canadian High Arctic Research Station 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 29 27 61
Canadian Institutes of Health Research 405 419 463 424 394 412 432 409 462 470
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission 797 852 872 864 856 821 822 851 859 899
Canadian Polar Commission 5 4 5 4 9 11 14 0 0 0
Communications Security Establishment 1,634 1,752 1,871 1,985 2,075 2,171 2,168 2,162 2,209 2,361
Financial Consumer Agency of Canada 51 55 61 68 73 78 84 94 99 115
Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada 300 319 340 376 374 347 355 374 378 372
Indian Oil and Gas Canada 75 77 77 79 84 85 80 85 88 88
National Energy Board 347 357 389 396 409 435 447 469 456 477
National Film Board 439 424 407 425 466 420 394 389 371 399
National Research Council Canada 4,590 4,502 4,261 3,945 3,525 3,534 3,618 3,780 3,864 3,871
National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy 32 29 31 32 3 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Pipeline Agency 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Office of the Auditor General of Canada 671 652 660 653 611 581 571 588 617 603
Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Canada 494 542 562 603 638 684 700 667 688 721
Parks Canada 3,769 4,053 4,127 3,821 2,923 3,175 3,394 3,886 3,976 4,202
Public Service Labour Relations Board 85 89 88 88 96 91 0 0 0 0
Science and Engineering Research Canada 388 402 428 424 407 409 418 444 442 447
Security Intelligence Review Committee 0 14 15 17 15 16 18 20 22 25
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada 210 206 216 213 199 205 209 210 211 210
Statistical Survey Operations 1,912 1,845 1,681 2,371 1,601 1,699 1,642 1,701 1,797 1,504
The Correctional Investigator Canada 4 26 31 28 33 40 35 37 36 33
Total 274,370 282,980 282,352 278,092 262,817 257,138 257,034 258,979 262,696 273,571

Open datasets

This information is published in HTML, XML and CSV formats and is part of the government’s Open Data Portal. The portal offers machine-readable formats, enabling citizens, private sector and non-government organizations to leverage this data in innovative and value-added ways.

For more information, review the Open Data Licence Agreement, visit the Open Data Portal or browse more datasets.

Available formats

Data file Description

Table 1 Notes

Table Note 1

In this dataset the Population counts for the following organizations are merged: Statistics Canada includes employees of Statistical Survey Operations, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada includes employees of Competition Bureau Canada, Global Affairs Canada includes employees of Passport Canada (before 2014), National Defence includes employees of Communications Security Establishment (before 2012), and the Privy Council Office includes employees of the Office of the Prime Minister.

Return to table note 1 referrer

Table Note 2

A portion of the 2016 to 2018 geographic data is not available due to changes in the central data systems.

Return to table note 2 referrer

Table Note 3

This dataset contains personal information. Personal information is suppressed in groups of less than five employees to protect privacy.

Return to table note 3 referrer

Population of the federal public service by department
(XML version – 111 KB)
(CSV version – 47 KB)

These data present population counts by department for all federal public service organizations (all departments and agencies governed by the Financial Administration Act (FAA) Schedules I, IV and V) from to .

Population of the federal public service by department and tenure Footnote 1
(XML version – 1,3 MB)
(CSV version – 658 KB)

These data present population counts by department and tenure for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to . Footnote 1

Population of the federal public service by department and province Footnote 1 Footnote 2
(XML version – 2.2 MB)
(CSV version – 1.1 MB)

These data present population counts by department and province for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to . Footnote 1 Footnote 2

Population of the federal public service by department and age bandFootnote 1
(XML version – 3.2 MB)
(CSV version – 1,7 MB)

These data present population counts by department and age band for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to . Footnote 1

Population of the federal public service by department and executive level Footnote 1 Footnote 2
(XML version – 1.4 MB)
(CSV version – 819 KB)
These data present population counts by department and executive level for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2009 to .Footnote 1 Footnote 2
Population of the federal public service by department and average age Footnote 1
(XML version – 382 KB)
(CSV version – 198 KB)
These data present population counts by department and average age for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2009 to . Footnote 1
Population of the federal public service by department and first official language Footnote 1  Footnote 3
(XML version – 932 MB)
(CSV version – 472 KB)
These data present population counts by department and first official language for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2009 to .Footnote 1  Footnote 3
Population of the federal public service by department and gender Footnote 1  Footnote 3
(XML version – 792 KB)
(CSV version – 370 KB)
These data present population counts by department and gender for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2009 to .Footnote 1  Footnote 3

Glossary of key terms

To assist you with your analysis of federal public service human resources data, we have compiled a glossary of key terms that are used in many of the Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer’s (OCHRO) demographic snapshots and reports. This glossary has been developed to help provide a common language across OCHRO’s demographic snapshots and reports.

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