Population of the Federal Public Service by Department

About the Data

When reading the table below, the following information applies:

  • Source of Information: Pay System as of March 31st of each year.
  • The Federal Public Service (FPS) consists of two population segments: the Core Public Administration (CPA) and Separate agencies (SA).
  • CPA departments and agencies are named in schedules I and IV of the Financial Administration Act. The Treasury Board is the employer of this segment of the FPS.
  • Separate agencies are named in Schedule V of the Act. Separate agencies conduct their own negotiations or set their own classification levels for their employees.
  • Included in this information are:
    • Active employees of all employment tenures (Indeterminate, Term, Casual and Student)
    • Governor-in-Council appointees
    • Deputy Ministers
    • Federal Judges
  • Excluded from this information are:
    • Inactive employees (i.e. employees on leave without pay)
    • Ministers' exempt staff
    • Employees locally engaged outside of Canada
    • RCMP Regular Force Members
    • RCMP Civilian Members
    • Canadian Forces Members
  • Population counts for the following separate agencies are not included because their employee information is not available in the Pay System:
    • Canadian Security Intelligence Service
    • National Capital Commission
    • Canada Investment and Savings
    • Canadian Forces Non-Public Funds
    • Security Intelligence Review Committee (before 2010)
Federal Public Service: Annual Population by Department
Departments and Agencies Year
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Core Public Administration
Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 349 374 570
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada 5,329 5,689 5,410 5,637 6,172 6,038 6,188 7,131 6,950 6,799 6,938 6,958 6,644 5,991 5,291 5,194 5,167 5,234
Assisted Human Reproduction Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 6 14 17 14 0 0 0 0 0
Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency 473 496 587 649 658 657 716 750 759 762 766 754 677 590 591 604 615 593
Canada Border Services Agency 0 0 0 0 0 9,510 11,801 12,673 13,742 14,662 14,398 14,387 14,710 14,218 14,096 14,113 14,171 13,707
Canada Firearms Centre 0 0 0 0 0 310 382 322 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Canada Industrial Relations Board 86 90 104 107 106 104 98 101 101 101 106 102 89 91 88 0 0 0
Canada Public Service Agency 0 0 0 0 0 482 538 594 649 572 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Canada School of Public Service 0 0 0 0 0 582 650 763 839 958 1,017 1,010 915 657 625 646 648 610
Canadian Artists and Producers Professional Relations Tribunal 10 8 16 19 18 16 15 13 9 10 12 11 10 3 0 0 0 0
Canadian Centre for Management Development 106 121 150 203 208 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Canadian Dairy Commission 62 65 65 60 63 66 62 58 62 63 64 61 63 59 51 56 60 61
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency 0 0 0 114 131 127 129 149 149 134 133 240 240 219 230 229 258 289
Canadian Grain Commission 682 704 722 640 648 650 645 637 647 654 692 655 680 625 413 408 403 435
Canadian Heritage 1,458 1,686 1,958 2,114 2,141 2,127 2,187 2,226 2,293 2,418 2,358 2,066 1,981 1,753 1,821 1,773 1,762 1,759
Canadian Human Rights Commission 207 216 227 230 220 208 208 197 187 184 199 197 209 215 199 204 205 191
Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat 22 22 23 24 24 24 24 25 23 21 25 24 21 23 24 23 22 22
Canadian International Development Agency 1,337 1,406 1,504 1,626 1,633 1,626 1,691 1,773 1,917 1,930 1,953 1,980 1,843 1,595 0 0 0 0
Canadian International Trade Tribunal 88 91 96 88 96 90 94 80 70 84 82 81 77 73 77 0 0 0
Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 75 77 78
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission 418 414 414 436 428 402 421 424 436 447 436 423 451 444 435 462 450 462
Canadian Space Agency 412 458 538 574 617 613 649 649 630 667 714 766 755 663 621 600 616 655
Canadian Transportation Agency 250 261 276 283 270 266 258 242 229 235 255 257 250 244 218 241 239 223
Civil Aviation Tribunal 8 8 7 6 7 6 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP 0 0 0 40 39 39 36 21 13 3 56 57 55 60 65 74 71 67
Communication Canada 84 162 202 480 428 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Competition Bureau Canada 12 11 12 14 11 10 13 15 10 12 12 10 8 9 7 0 0 0
Copyright Board Canada 10 9 10 12 15 14 12 12 15 15 15 13 14 15 13 17 14 14
Correctional Service Canada 13,592 13,992 14,640 14,585 14,527 14,496 14,678 14,911 15,806 16,872 17,711 18,289 19,012 18,501 18,259 17,639 17,172 17,109
Courts Administration Service 0 0 0 0 0 570 587 621 604 624 636 630 660 623 614 618 668 636
Department of Finance Canada 948 984 1,022 1,066 1,046 1,000 989 991 1,094 1,102 803 805 781 756 751 743 735 747
Department of International Trade 0 0 0 0 0 0 178 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Department of Justice Canada 3,308 3,822 4,457 4,883 5,071 4,631 4,809 4,967 5,162 4,639 4,992 5,158 5,130 4,725 4,574 4,476 4,461 4,461
Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec 287 334 397 437 438 438 439 440 415 415 453 456 401 339 348 331 333 336
Elections Canada 235 337 280 322 383 340 411 421 425 491 547 706 528 495 520 630 634 584
Employment and Social Development Canada 22,525 23,994 24,963 24,291 24,468 24,427 23,674 22,901 23,708 24,214 26,012 24,661 22,756 20,046 21,097 21,707 22,312 23,729
Environment and Climate Change Canada 5,119 5,351 5,698 5,881 6,146 6,175 6,651 6,684 6,447 6,998 7,578 7,160 6,762 6,408 6,550 6,595 6,475 6,601
Farm Products Council of Canada 15 17 12 12 15 14 13 10 14 16 15 16 16 16 17 19 19 0
Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 209 225 218 224 218 222 217
Federal Judges not part of any department 1,014 1,019 1,030 1,028 1,048 1,037 1,037 1,062 1,067 1,065 1,085 1,115 1,105 1,100 1,110 1,144 1,141 1,128
Fisheries and Oceans Canada 9,642 10,149 10,769 10,780 10,422 10,096 10,291 10,366 10,554 10,878 11,159 11,004 10,923 10,294 9,958 9,858 9,901 10,230
Global Affairs Canada 4,216 4,641 4,973 3,911 3,967 4,002 4,066 4,305 4,530 4,815 5,015 4,921 4,859 4,573 6,027 5,973 5,890 6,061
Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission Canada 19 19 24 28 33 31 25 33 28 35 38 46 40 31 0 0 0 0
Health Canada 7,004 7,497 8,599 9,230 9,781 10,208 8,997 9,189 9,754 10,394 10,566 10,403 10,578 9,701 9,341 9,079 9,189 9,327
Human Rights Tribunal of Canada 0 0 19 22 20 21 24 25 22 21 19 23 20 21 20 0 0 0
Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada 1,067 1,081 1,148 1,205 1,210 1,162 1,025 970 958 1,009 998 1,078 1,060 1,034 983 954 973 1,031
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada 4,315 4,698 5,095 5,359 5,554 5,470 3,876 4,036 4,082 4,182 4,752 4,996 5,017 4,850 5,927 6,385 6,587 6,465
Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada 0 0 0 68 85 170 231 279 405 490 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 43 47 25 15 9 0 0
Indian Specific Claims Commission 0 0 0 0 0 0 44 44 38 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada 3,617 3,740 3,951 3,864 3,983 3,928 3,919 4,141 4,237 4,528 5,371 5,427 5,409 4,975 4,857 4,684 4,582 4,708
Infrastructure Canada 0 0 0 0 89 143 166 171 216 227 332 373 348 308 288 354 351 329
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada 4,933 5,200 5,531 5,872 5,914 5,812 5,645 5,504 5,468 5,549 5,769 5,581 5,233 4,773 4,711 4,742 4,776 4,947
International Joint Commission 32 31 37 35 35 38 32 34 38 31 28 30 28 32 31 32 32 32
Law Commission of Canada 9 12 16 16 14 12 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Library and Archives Canada 0 0 0 0 0 1,153 1,179 1,157 1,161 1,200 1,148 1,184 1,145 913 1,043 1,026 938 930
Military Grievances External Review Committee 0 0 44 42 51 47 46 44 40 41 37 37 36 38 37 42 35 39
Military Police Complaints Commission of Canada 0 0 23 26 25 17 13 12 16 16 14 14 16 18 14 22 26 25
Millennium Bureau of Canada 96 51 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
NAFTA Secretariat 8 11 9 11 9 8 10 11 11 13 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
National Archives of Canada 633 659 659 682 682 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
National Defence 17,416 17,982 19,125 20,100 20,893 20,978 22,350 23,783 25,075 27,140 27,291 27,394 27,177 24,939 23,146 22,611 22,954 23,178
National Library of Canada 438 473 512 520 512 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Natural Resources Canada 4,245 4,306 4,590 4,676 4,734 4,728 4,723 4,708 4,633 4,767 4,951 4,937 4,659 4,361 4,231 4,149 4,191 4,264
Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs Canada 64 67 55 59 62 69 62 64 64 69 73 70 66 67 58 54 59 59
Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23 26 26 27 28 26 26 27 26 24
Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages 120 125 128 140 152 154 154 151 152 157 174 164 165 162 171 172 164 155
Office of the Communications Security Establishment Commissioner 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Office of the Governor General's Secretary 154 162 166 169 178 165 165 175 172 171 171 190 166 158 155 156 166 149
Office of the Prime Minister 5 6 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 23 27 30 31 28 25 26 24
Offices of the information and Privacy Commissioners of Canada 106 130 145 154 139 128 139 154 157 206 253 256 273 258 261 282 259 261
Parole Board of Canada 369 377 390 385 376 364 399 392 408 401 408 409 428 454 459 467 447 448
Passport Canada 0 0 0 1,345 1,586 1,742 1,923 2,136 2,840 2,747 2,689 2,579 2,696 2,696 0 0 0 0
Patented Medicine Prices Review Board Canada 32 36 38 36 38 43 41 44 47 51 59 66 56 53 55 60 69 69
Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration 658 660 624 615 634 672 688 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Privy Council Office 720 762 774 807 846 932 902 812 836 875 905 921 892 754 751 727 712 799
Public Health Agency of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,884 2,038 2,263 2,528 2,800 2,897 2,779 2,163 2,175 2,186 2,223 2,234
Public Prosecution Service of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 785 857 887 930 954 969 968 970 990
Public Safety Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 725 813 951 1,119 1,127 1,127 1,113 1,112 1,057 978 1,125 1,149
Public Servants Disclosure Protection Tribunal Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 6 4 7 9 9 0 0 0
Public Service Commission of Canada 1,366 1,469 1,585 1,630 1,588 1,010 972 993 1,076 1,025 1,047 996 975 865 736 738 741 780
Public Service Staffing Tribunal 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 19 27 31 37 40 38 32 31 0 0 0
Public Services and Procurement Canada 6,213 12,109 12,999 13,237 12,939 12,890 12,649 12,488 12,862 13,206 13,739 14,385 13,678 12,144 11,967 12,092 12,061 12,894
Public Works Canada 5,265 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
RCMP External Review Committee 0 0 0 4 5 5 4 4 3 1 5 4 3 6 5 6 7 6
Registrar of the Supreme Court of Canada 161 167 172 169 183 189 195 201 196 208 220 210 226 216 219 213 212 216
Registry of the Federal Court of Canada 441 456 481 479 470 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Registry of the Specific Claims Tribunal of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 9 11 10 9 0 0 0
Registry of the Tax Court of Canada 111 120 119 120 115 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Public Service Employees) 3,885 4,029 3,982 4,114 4,331 4,423 4,673 5,021 5,708 6,091 6,250 6,147 6,210 5,971 6,065 6,437 6,571 6,801
Shared Services Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5,299 5,394 5,236 5,157 5,257
Solicitor General Canada 268 279 333 299 361 712 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Statistics Canada 7,043 8,631 8,750 8,278 7,779 5,473 6,231 5,904 5,851 5,782 5,558 6,424 5,556 4,530 4,807 4,890 5,717 5,187
Status of Women Canada 113 109 123 131 125 124 115 83 90 87 93 102 98 100 98 92 91 99
Transport Canada 4,372 4,347 4,578 4,742 4,723 4,790 4,970 5,023 5,231 5,396 5,524 5,553 5,370 4,778 4,771 5,205 5,154 4,782
Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 10 8 8 9 10 9 9 0 0 0
Transportation Safety Board of Canada 217 223 236 219 230 240 225 223 211 223 216 211 216 202 203 213 215 209
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat 895 1,016 1,104 1,131 1,187 786 856 965 1,104 1,223 2,097 2,177 2,073 1,860 1,778 1,761 1,728 1,841
Veterans Affairs Canada 3,371 3,552 3,659 3,630 3,595 3,674 3,932 3,892 4,137 4,137 4,123 4,089 3,839 3,602 3,188 3,174 3,413 2,809
Veterans Review and Appeal Board 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 86
Western Economic Diversification Canada 334 356 385 375 400 379 398 404 415 433 510 479 419 335 318 297 292 279
Total Core Public Administration 152,070 161,505 170,779 174,581 177,136 184,083 189,280 192,683 200,575 209,523 216,596 217,224 212,028 200,516 195,330 195,565 197,354 199,691
Separate Agencies
Atomic Energy Control Board 424 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Canada Revenue Agency 45,083 47,061 50,071 51,128 49,304 39,895 40,088 39,978 40,645 42,239 43,216 41,853 42,668 41,256 40,279 40,059 39,484 40,223
Canadian Food Inspection Agency 4,457 4,666 5,183 5,349 5,418 5,413 5,675 6,102 6,331 6,400 6,549 6,688 6,580 6,254 6,315 6,009 5,946 6,180
Canadian High Arctic Research Station 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 5 4 9 11 14 29 27
Canadian Institutes of Health Research 0 135 184 246 291 324 328 352 406 405 419 463 424 394 412 432 409 462
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission 0 447 470 482 515 535 526 605 683 797 852 872 864 856 821 822 851 859
Communications Security Establishment 930 943 1,111 1,132 1,226 1,398 1,540 1,646 1,674 1,634 1,752 1,871 1,985 2,075 2,171 2,168 2,162 2,209
Financial Consumer Agency of Canada 0 0 19 27 33 36 38 37 45 51 55 61 68 73 78 84 94 99
Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada 0 66 132 160 196 200 218 276 338 300 319 340 376 374 347 355 374 378
Indian Oil and Gas Canada 66 67 69 72 68 71 67 67 65 75 77 77 79 84 85 80 85 88
Medical Research Council 119 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
National Energy Board 287 284 283 295 306 308 314 308 302 347 357 389 396 409 435 447 469 456
National Film Board 441 465 435 439 446 454 465 452 465 439 424 407 425 466 420 394 389 371
National Research Council Canada 3,479 3,490 3,668 3,910 4,085 4,098 4,167 4,233 4,233 4,590 4,502 4,261 3,945 3,525 3,534 3,618 3,780 3,864
National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy 18 19 27 25 28 25 26 24 25 32 29 31 32 3 0 0 0 0
Northern Pipeline Agency 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Office of the Auditor General of Canada 542 547 576 599 587 603 619 640 632 671 652 660 653 611 581 571 588 617
Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Canada 364 399 427 451 455 426 430 460 465 494 542 562 603 638 684 700 667 688
Parks Canada 3,218 3,385 3,326 3,293 3,491 3,429 3,552 3,660 3,712 3,769 4,053 4,127 3,821 2,923 3,175 3,394 3,886 3,976
Public Service Labour Relations Board 54 52 55 65 58 68 79 78 87 85 89 88 88 96 91 0 0 0
Science and Engineering Research Canada 236 250 278 296 318 320 319 344 352 388 402 428 424 407 409 418 444 442
Security Intelligence Review Committee 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 15 17 15 16 18 20 22
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada 131 146 152 162 170 175 177 174 192 210 206 216 213 199 205 209 210 211
Statistical Survey Operations 0 0 0 0 0 2,084 1,997 2,478 1,871 1,912 1,845 1,681 2,371 1,601 1,699 1,642 1,701 1,797
The Correctional Investigator Canada 0 0 0 19 21 20 21 19 11 4 26 31 28 33 40 35 37 36
Total Separate Agencies 59,855 62,428 66,472 68,156 67,022 59,888 60,652 61,939 62,539 64,847 66,384 65,128 66,064 62,301 61,808 61,469 61,625 63,005
Combined Total 211,925 223,933 237,251 242,737 244,158 243,971 249,932 254,622 263,114 274,370 282,980 282,352 278,092 262,817 257,138 257,034 258,979 262,696

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Available Formats

Data File Description

Table 1 Notes

Table Note 1

In this dataset the Population counts for the following organizations are merged: Statistics Canada includes employees of Statistical Survey Operations, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada includes employees of Competition Bureau Canada, Global Affairs Canada includes employees of Passport Canada (before 2014), National Defence includes employees of Communications Security Establishment (before 2012), and the Privy Council Office includes employees of the Office of the Prime Minister.

Return to table note 1 referrer

Table Note 2

A portion of the 2016 and 2017 geographic data is not available due to changes in the central data systems.

Return to table note 2 referrer

Table Note 3

This dataset contains personal information. Personal information is suppressed in groups of less than five employees to protect privacy.

Return to table note 3 referrer

Population of the Federal Public Service by Department
(XML version – 199 KB)
(CSV version – 118 KB)

These data present population counts by department for all Federal Public Service organizations (i.e. all departments and agencies governed by the Financial Administration Act (FAA) Schedules I, IV and V) from to .

Population of the Federal Public Service by Department and Tenure Footnote 1
(XML version – 1 MB)
(CSV version – 665 KB)

These data present population counts by department and tenure for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to . Footnote 1

Population of the Federal Public Service by Department and Province Footnote 1 Footnote 2
(XML version – 2.2 MB)
(CSV version – 1.1 MB)

These data present population counts by department and province for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to . Footnote 1 Footnote 2

Population of the Federal Public Service by Department and Age Group Footnote 1
(XML version – 2.7 MB)
(CSV version – 1.7 MB)

These data present population counts by department and age group for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from to . Footnote 1

Population of the Federal Public Service by Department and Executive Level Footnote 1 Footnote 2
(XML version – 1.2 MB)
(CSV version – 809 KB)
These data present population counts by department and executive level for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2008 to March 31, 2017.Footnote 1 Footnote 2
Population of the Federal Public Service by Department and Average Age Footnote 1
(XML version – 356 KB)
(CSV version – 188 KB)
These data present population counts by department and average age for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2008 to March 31, 2017. Footnote 1
Population of the Federal Public Service by Department and First Official Language Footnote 1  Footnote 3
(XML version – 770 KB)
(CSV version – 489 KB)
These data present population counts by department and first official language for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2008 to March 31, 2017.Footnote 1  Footnote 3
Population of the Federal Public Service by Department and Gender Footnote 1  Footnote 3
(XML version – 633 KB)
(CSV version – 379 KB)
These data present population counts by department and gender for all Parliamentary appropriated organizations from March 31, 2008 to March 31, 2017.Footnote 1  Footnote 3

Glossary of Key Terms

To assist you with your analysis of Federal Public Service human resources data, we have compiled a glossary of key terms that are used in many of the Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer's (OCHRO) demographic snapshots and reports. This glossary has been developed to help provide a common language across OCHRO's demographic snapshots and reports.

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