Population of the Federal Public Service by First Official Language

On this page

About the data

When reading the table below, the following information applies:

  • Source of Information: Pay System as of of each year.
  • The federal public service consists of 2 population segments: the core public administration and separate agencies.
  • Departments and agencies in the core public administration are named in schedules I and IV of the Financial Administration Act. The Treasury Board is the employer of this segment of the federal public service.
  • Separate agencies are named in Schedule V of the act. Separate agencies conduct their own negotiations or set their own classification levels for their employees.
  • Included in this information are:
    • active employees of all employment tenures (indeterminate, term, casual and student)
    • Governor in Council appointees
    • deputy ministers
    • federal judges
  • Excluded from this information are:
    • inactive employees (employees on leave without pay)
    • ministers’ exempt staff
    • employees locally engaged outside of Canada
    • RCMP Regular Force members
    • RCMP Civilian members
    • Canadian Forces members
  • Population counts for the following separate agencies are not included because their employee information is not available in the Pay System:
    • Canadian Security Intelligence Service
    • National Capital Commission
    • Canada Investment and Savings
    • Canadian Forces Non-Public Funds
    • Security Intelligence Review Committee (before 2010)
Population of the federal public service by first official language
First official language Year
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Core public administration
English 150,073 150,106 146,753 138,559 134,842 135,552 137,471 137,046 142,781 151,264 158,611
French 65,495 65,992 64,264 60,562 59,409 59,106 59,115 61,197 63,643 67,607 70,669
Unknown 1,028 1,126 1,011 1,395 1,079 907 768 1,448 1,888 1,444 1,896
Separate agencies
English 48,116 47,296 48,408 45,851 45,923 46,116 46,434 47,543 49,310 51,161 52,129
French 15,586 15,324 15,255 14,423 14,217 14,051 14,302 14,929 15,189 15,398 15,772
Unknown 2,682 2,508 2,401 2,027 1,668 1,302 889 533 760 1,109 1,373
Total 282,980 282,352 278,092 262,817 257,138 257,034 258,979 262,696 273,571 287,983 300,450

Open datasets

This information is published in HTML, XML and CSV formats and is part of the Government’s Open Data Portal. The portal offers machine-readable formats, enabling citizens, private sector and non-government organizations to leverage this data in innovative and value-added ways.

For more information, review the Open Data Licence Agreement, visit the Open Data Portal or browse more datasets.

Available formats

Data file Description
Population of the federal public service by first official language
(XML version – 16 KB)
(CSV version – 2 KB)
These data present population counts by first official language for the federal public service (all departments and agencies governed by the Financial Administration Act (FAA) Schedules I, IV and V) from to .

Glossary of key terms

To assist you with your analysis of federal public service human resources data, we have compiled a glossary of key terms that are used in many of the Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer’s (OCHRO) demographic snapshots and reports. This glossary has been developed to help provide a common language across OCHRO’s demographic snapshots and reports.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: