Population of the Federal Public Service by Province

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About the data

When reading the table below, the following information applies:

  • Source of Information: Pay System as of of each year.
  • The federal public service consists of 2 population segments: the core public administration and separate agencies.
  • Departments and agencies in the core public administration are named in schedules I and IV of the Financial Administration Act. The Treasury Board is the employer of this segment of the federal public service.
  • Separate agencies are named in Schedule V of the act. Separate agencies conduct their own negotiations or set their own classification levels for their employees.
  • Included in this information are:
    • active employees of all employment tenures (indeterminate, term, casual and student)
    • Governor in Council appointees
    • deputy ministers
    • federal judges
  • Excluded from this information are:
    • inactive employees (employees on leave without pay)
    • ministers’ exempt staff
    • employees locally engaged outside of Canada
    • RCMP Regular Force members
    • RCMP Civilian members
    • Canadian Forces members
  • Population counts for the following separate agencies are not included because their employee information is not available in the Pay System:
    • Canadian Security Intelligence Service
    • National Capital Commission
    • Canada Investment and Savings
    • Canadian Forces Non-Public Funds
    • Security Intelligence Review Committee (before 2010)
Population of the federal public service by province
Province Year
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Core public administration
AB 11,468 11,276 10,797 10,164 9,780 9,824 10,164 10,211 10,310 10,651 11,139
BC 19,755 19,427 18,915 17,681 16,871 17,038 17,019 16,727 16,985 17,791 18,476
MB 8,205 7,841 7,715 7,346 7,058 6,907 6,831 6,633 6,733 6,955 7,253
NB 7,378 7,552 7,037 6,791 6,810 7,188 7,238 7,256 7,918 8,498 8,932
NCR 92,977 94,416 92,935 87,699 86,601 86,653 86,487 88,738 93,990 101,734 106,857
NFLD 3,542 3,467 3,315 3,136 2,974 3,029 3,015 3,082 3,305 3,461 3,713
NS 10,366 10,199 9,931 9,367 9,109 9,063 8,903 8,578 8,697 9,303 9,516
NU 219 243 252 254 252 255 238 237 240 242 257
NWT 691 655 597 549 424 401 405 407 408 422 422
ON (minus NCR) 27,954 28,111 27,421 26,069 25,075 25,183 25,330 24,764 25,148 25,607 27,016
Outside of Canada 1,559 1,636 1,580 1,526 1,514 1,476 1,447 1,341 1,367 1,413 1,492
PEI 2,056 2,040 1,914 1,882 1,714 1,711 1,757 1,804 1,817 2,046 2,158
QC (minus NCR) 24,716 24,667 24,047 22,768 22,023 21,767 21,906 20,987 21,728 22,776 23,525
SK 5,375 5,344 5,230 4,956 4,821 4,775 4,821 4,760 4,746 4,823 4,987
YK 335 350 342 328 304 295 287 278 313 319 341
Unknown - - - - - - 1,506 3,888 4,607 4,274 5,092
Separate agencies
AB 5,052 4,952 4,854 4,594 4,667 4,604 4,639 4,701 4,806 4,908 4,949
BC 6,280 6,223 6,462 6,116 5,930 5,885 5,805 5,656 5,926 6,099 6,274
MB 3,758 3,773 3,803 3,347 3,268 3,181 3,188 3,452 4,121 4,411 4,372
NB 1,187 1,120 1,136 1,086 1,089 1,093 1,090 1,096 1,114 1,140 1,197
NCR 21,973 21,941 21,721 20,734 20,646 20,635 20,888 19,239 19,038 19,496 20,235
NFLD 1,947 1,755 1,847 1,656 1,631 1,682 1,547 1,701 2,043 1,977 2,017
NS 1,722 1,645 1,699 1,440 1,489 1,486 1,533 1,522 1,547 1,577 1,632
NU 34 34 35 28 33 31 43 48 48 54 60
NWT 77 91 83 63 63 71 86 89 75 84 93
ON (minus NCR) 12,897 12,653 13,346 12,820 12,671 12,608 12,576 12,655 13,235 14,012 14,076
Outside of Canada 4 4 2 2 2 1 3 - - - -
PEI 1,325 1,217 1,375 1,334 1,405 1,404 1,378 1,342 1,384 1,534 1,509
QC (minus NCR) 8,730 8,376 8,374 7,915 7,719 7,607 7,642 7,733 7,991 8,051 8,242
SK 1,308 1,253 1,246 1,116 1,136 1,109 1,081 1,054 1,050 1,098 1,101
YK 90 91 81 50 59 72 91 68 72 79 79
Unknown - - - - - - 35 2,649 2,809 3,148 3,438
Total 282,980 282,352 278,092 262,817 257,138 257,034 258,979 262,696 273,571 287,983 300,450

Open datasets

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For more information, review the Open Data Licence Agreement, visit the Open Data Portal or browse more datasets.

Available formats

Data file Description
Population of the federal public service by province
(XML version – 49 KB)
(CSV version – 7 KB)
These data present population counts by province for the federal public service (all departments and agencies governed by the Financial Administration Act (FAA) Schedules I, IV and V) from to .

Glossary of key terms

To assist you with your analysis of federal public service human resources data, we have compiled a glossary of key terms that are used in many of the Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer’s (OCHRO) demographic snapshots and reports. This glossary has been developed to help provide a common language across OCHRO’s demographic snapshots and reports.

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