Summary of the Evaluation of the Official Languages Support Programs, 2003-04 to 2020-21

Evaluation Services Directorate
November 28, 2022

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Summary of the Evaluation of the Official Languages Support Programs, 2003-04 to 2020-21 [PDF version - 190 KB]

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Canadian Heritage
GBA Plus
Gender-bases analysis plus
Official Languages Support Programs
Official Language Minority Communities
Enhancement of Official Languages
Development of Official Language Communities


The Evaluation of the Official Languages Support Programs (OLSPs) covers the period from 2003-04 to 2020-21. It focuses on the relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency of the OLSPs, with particular attention to the contribution of intermediate and long-term results.

The OLSPs are composed of two programs:


Significant and continuous progress has been made on official languages in Canada since 2003.

The OLSPs have supported:

Some challenges remain:

Since 2018, Official Languages represents the fifth core responsibility of PCH. The OLSPs have remained aligned with PCH’s priorities and the Government of Canada’s constitutional and legislative obligations.


The OLSPs are effective in contributing to the desired results.

The DOLC program has helped to:

The sustainability of OLMCs remains fragile, particularly for Francophone OLMCs:

Table 1: demographic Weight by First Official Language Spoken in a Minority Context, 2006-2021
Year English in Quebec French outside Quebec
2006 13.4% 4.2%
2011 13.5% 4.0%
2016 13.7% 3.8%
2021 14.9% 3.5%

Sources: National Censuses 2006 to 2021

The EOL program has contributed to:

Canadians view official languages as an important part of their identity.

Challenges remain for access to second language learning:

Table 2: the Bilingualism Rate (%) of Canadians from 2006 to 2021
Year Quebec Canada Canada outside Quebec
2006 40.6% 17.4% 10.2%
2011 42.8% 17.5% 9.8%
2016 44.7% 17.9% 9.9%
2021 46.4% 18.0% 9.5%

Sources: National Censuses 2006 to 2021


The efficiency of the OLSPs has improved, particularly by adapting reporting and working with the provinces and territories.

Some issues have limited the efficiency of the OLSPs:


Based on the findings of this evaluation, it is recommended that the Assistant Deputy Minister, Official Languages, Heritage and Regions:

  1. Review the structure of the OLSPs, as well as its priorities and objectives, with particular attention to the objectives of the EOL program.
  2. Analyze the results chain to improve the consistency of the logic model and the indicators associated with it.
  3. Revise the reporting process and targeted data collection to strengthen informed decision-making.

© His Majesty the King in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Canadian Heritage, 2023
Catalogue No.: CH7-18/2-2023E-PDF
ISBN: 978-0-660-46944-7

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