Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

Following the passing of Queen Elizabeth II, we invite you to visit our commemorative page to relive key moments of her visits to Canada and find information on the commemorative events held in her honour.

Please note that some information on the web pages about the Crown in Canada will be updated.

The Queen is wearing a golden dress with the Canadian diamond maple leaf brooch and triple string of pearls; she is sitting on a golden chair.

Her Majesty The Queen marks the 150th anniversary of Confederation in 2017 by wearing the Maple Leaf Brooch: Photo credit and copyright: © 2017 Ian Leslie Macdonald

Queen Elizabeth II was born on April 21, 1926. Her Majesty was the first child of King George VI (The Duke of York) and Queen Elizabeth.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of Canada. She has dedicated her life to public service and continues to serve Canada and Canadians. On her 21st birthday (April 21, 1947), she addressed the Commonwealth and dedicated her life "whether it be long or short" to the service of others. Ever since, she has been steadfast in keeping her promise — a promise valued by Canada and the entire Commonwealth.

Early life and education

Princess Elizabeth was educated at home with her younger sister, the late Princess Margaret. During that time, the future queen learned French, which she speaks fluently.

Princess Elizabeth gave her first radio address at age 14 as bombs dropped on London during the Second World War, in which she served.

Marriage and family

The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh depart the HMCS St. John?s after the completion of the International Fleet Review in Halifax on June 29, 2010.

The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh depart the HMCS St. John's after the completion of the International Fleet Review in Halifax on June 29, 2010.

On November 20, 1947, Princess Elizabeth married Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, now His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh. They have four children:

Elizabeth becomes Queen

After her father's death, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953. Canadian guests at the coronation included the Prime Minister, Louis St. Laurent, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario Louis Breithaupt and his premier, Leslie Frost, as well as Premier of Saskatchewan Tommy Douglas, Quebec Cabinet ministers Onésime Gagnon and John Samuel Bourque, Mayor of Toronto Allan A. Lamport, and Chief of the Squamish Nation Joe Mathias.

In 1953, a Canadian law, the Royal Style and Titles Act formally conferred upon Elizabeth II the title of Queen of Canada.

Charitable work and military appointments

The Queen greets veterans from the Second World War at a plaque unveiling on board the HMCS Sackville in Halifax on June 29, 2010.

The Queen greets veterans from the Second World War at plaque unveiling at HMCS Sackville in Halifax on June 29, 2010.

The Queen of Canada continues to champion public and voluntary service around the world. Her Majesty is patron of more than 600 charities and organizations, of which 36 are in Canada. These include the Canadian Cancer Society and the Canadian Nurses Association. This sense of service has been transmitted to all members of the Royal Family.

The Queen continues to highlight the critical role of the Canadian Forces by serving as Colonel-in-Chief, Captain General and Air Commodore-in-Chief of the following units across Canada:

  • Royal Canadian Air Force
  • Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada
  • The Calgary Highlanders
  • Canadian Military Engineers
  • The Canadian Grenadier Guards
  • Governor General's Foot Guards
  • Governor General's Horse Guards
  • The King's Own Calgary Regiment
  • Le Régiment de la Chaudière
  • The Royal New Brunswick Regiment
  • The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery
  • Royal 22e Régiment
  • 48th Highlanders of Canada
  • The Canadian Armed Forces Legal Branch
  • The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders
  • The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment
  • The Canadian Forces School of Military Engineering

In 2012, the Queen became Commissioner-in-Chief of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). Her Majesty held the title of Honorary Commissioner since 1953.

Royal Patronage – Canadian Organizations

Tours of Canada

The Queen inspects the Guard of Honour mounted by the Ceremonial Guard on Parliament Hill, July 1, 2010.

The Queen (then Princess Elizabeth) and The Duke of Edinburgh first toured Canada in the fall of 1951. Since her accession to the Throne, Her Majesty has completed more royal tours in Canada than to any other Commonwealth country.

The Queen's 2010 tour marked her 22nd official tour of Canada as our Queen. The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh participated in many public events, including the Canada Day Noon Show on Parliament Hill in Ottawa on July 1 and participated in the celebrations of the centennial of the Royal Canadian Navy.

Special Anniversaries

The year 2012 marked Her Majesty's Diamond Jubilee, her 60th anniversary as Queen of Canada. 

On September 9, 2015, a historical milestone was reached. Her Majesty became the longest reigning sovereign in Canada’s modern era.

The Queen, wearing a blue hat and white dress receives the Sapphire Jubilee Snowflake Brooch from former Governor General David Johnston, while the Duke of Edinburgh looks on. Image of the Sapphire Jubilee Snowflake Brooch: sapphires are in the centre, surrounded by diamonds in the shape of snowflake.
The Queen is presented with the Sapphire Jubilee Snowflake Brooch by former Governor General David Johnston at Canada House, London. Photo credit: Sgt Johanie Maheu, Rideau Hall (2017)

In 2017, Her Majesty celebrated the 150th anniversary of Confederation as well as her Sapphire Jubilee, her 65th anniversary as Queen of Canada. At an event in Canada House, London, former Governor General David Johnston presented a Sapphire Jubilee Snowflake Brooch to Her Majesty, a gift of thanks from the people of Canada.

In 2022, Her Majesty is celebrating her Platinum Jubilee, marking her 70th anniversary on the Throne. To mark this historical milestone, a series of initiatives will take place throughout Canada to honour The Queen’s service and dedication to this country.

Department of Canadian Heritage Resources

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