Operation HONOUR Statistical Summary of Harmful and Inappropriate Sexual Behaviour (HISB) - Incidents and Offences for Fiscal Year 2017-2018

All data covers the period from 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018

Monthly Unit Reports on HISB

Of the 427 reports to the Chain of Command this fiscal year, the year the incident occurred was:

  • 40 in 2016
  • 302 in 2017 (averaged 25 incidents occurring per month)
  • 40 in 2018 (averaging 13 incidents occurring per month)
  • 26 were pre-Operation HONOUR having occurred between of 1991-2015
  • 19 reports had no data for date of the incident

Chart 1: Types of Harmful and Inappropriate Sexual

This chart lists the types and number of reported harmful and inappropriate sexual behaviour incidents. Text version below.

This chart lists the types and number of reported harmful and inappropriate sexual behaviour incidents. Inappropriate sexual behaviour, is at the top of the list with 231 reports. Sexual assault accounts for 111 and sexual harassment 51 reports. There were seven reported indecent exposure incidents, six reports of child pornography, four reports of voyeurism, four reports of abuse of authority, two reports of sexual interference and two reports of sexual exploitation.

Note: Nine (9) incidents had some missing data

Incidents investigated and closed: 109

Incidents still under investigation:318

  • Investigation by the unit: 91
  • Under investigation by other authority: 225 (includes Military Police, National Investigative Service, Civilian Police, or Harassment Investigator)

Type of HISB: 231 incidents of the inappropriate sexualized behaviour have been further characterised as:

  • 51 – frequent use of belittling or sexual language
  • 22 – frequent use of sexual jokes
  • 18 – visual display of sexually explicit materials
  • 16 – pressuring for sexual activity
  • 2 – inappropriate touching
  • 1 – inappropriate use of social media
  • 121 - “Other” – behaviours that fall within an Operation HONOUR nexus, not otherwise identified on the provided list of behaviours or offences (leering, sexually suggestive gestures, etc.

Type of sexual assault: 111 reports to the chain of command have been further identified as:

  • 44 – unwanted sexual touching
  • 15 – sexual assault using violence or threats thereof
  • 13 – sexual activity unable to consent
  • 39 – other - typically includes incidents where more than one type of inappropriate behavior or offence occurred.

Summary of Administrative Actions Taken to Date

99 Administrative Actions have been taken across 94 incidents.

Chart 2: Administrative Actions Taken by Units

This chart details 99 administrative actions taken across 94 incidents of sexual misconduct in fiscal year 2017-2018. Text version below.

This chart details 99 administrative actions taken across 94 incidents of sexual misconduct in fiscal year 2017-2018.

Recorded warnings were most common administrative action and account for 26 actions taken, while initial counselling accounted for 13, and counselling and probation accounted for ten. The administrative actions for the remaining ten types were as follows: there was a note to file type for eight; six were removed from contact; six were repatriated accounted for; removed from training accounted for five; the type entitled other accounted for four; the type was not specified in three actions; anther three were returned to unit; and two involved remedial measures. The final three types, progress review board, civilian contract terminated and foreign military member repatriated, each accounted for one.

Note: In this chart, the category “other” includes cases where the respondent is no longer a member of the Canadian Armed Forces, insufficient information for an investigation, or a substantive action taken that was not technically a remedial measure or charge.

Statistics on those involved in HISB incidents:

Complainants:

  • 42.2% are Junior Non-Commissioned Members
  • 19.2% are Civilians
  • 67% Females; 16.4% Males

Respondents (CAF members only):

  • 46.1% are Junior Non-Commissioned Members,
  • 17.8% Senior Non-Commissioned Members
  • 9.8% Junior Officers
  • 84.1% Males, 5.6% Females

Note: Less than 100% totals result when gender information is not included in the report.

55.3 % of incidents were reported by the “victim” (or target of the behaviour). Of the remainder the vast majority of reports were initiated by a third party (e.g. leadership or bystanders who intervened).

Personnel Removed from Positions of Command, Leadership, Instruction or Supervisory Duties: 35

  • Removal from command: 1 permanent / 1 temporary
  • Removal from Leadership, Instruction or Supervisory duties: 18 permanent / 13 temporary

Sexual Offences reported to the Canadian Forces National Investigative Service[1]

Table 1: Incidents and status
Q1
(Apr-Jun 2017)
Q2
(Jul-Sep 2017)
Q3
(Oct-Dec 2017)
Q4
(Jan-Mar 2018)
Total
Total Reported Incidents 53 90 62 72 277
Founded 50 87 59 71 267
Received via Sexual Misconduct Response Centre (SMRC) 2 2 0 3 7
Cleared - by Charge[2] 4 9 2 10 25
Cleared – by Other means[3] 6 6 3 1 16
Files initiated and Concluded[4] within FY 21 36 10 9 76
File Status - Ongoing (B) 18 40 49 56 163
File Status - Awaiting RMP Review (J) 5 3 0 0 8
File Status - Ongoing Judicial Process (Z) 6 8 0 6 20

Table 2: Incident type
Sexual Assaults and Other Violations (Primary Offence) Total Occurrences
Total Founded
Sexual Assault -Aggravate+A5:I19+A5:O21D 1 1
Sexual Assault- Weapon/Cause Body Harm 0 0
Sexual Assault- Weapon (OUTCAN) 0 0
Sexual Assault 244 237
Sexual Crimes - Other (Includes UCR 1340- 0) 13 11
Sexual Interferences (Includes UCR 1340-1) 7 7
Invitation to Sexual Touching (Includes UCR 1340-2) 3 3
Sexual Exploitation (Includes UCT 1340-3) 7 6
Sexual Related Offences (OUTCAN) 2 2
Sexual Harassment (OUTCAN) 0 0
Total: 277 267

Completed Summary Trials related to Sexual Misconduct: Total = 16

1. Vosbourgh WO SL

  • Unit Name: 8 AMS Command
  • Date Charges Laid: 15 Mar 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 06 Apr 2017
    1. Section 97 Drunkenness
    2. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty both charges
  • Sentence: Fine $200

2. Bell Pte P

  • Unit Name: 5 Cdn Div TC
  • Date Charges Laid: 11 Aug 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 16 Aug 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty
  • Sentence: Fine $125

3. Chiasson Sgt D

  • Unit Name: Canadian Forces Base- Det Aldershot
  • Date Charges Laid: 22 Mar 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 12 Jul 2017
    1. Section 83 Disobedience of Lawful Command
    2. Section 83 Disobedience of Lawful Command
    3. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    4. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Guilty on charge 1 and 4; other charges stayed
  • Sentence: Fine $150 and Cautioned

4. MacIsaac MCpl KA

  • Unit Name: 401 Tac F Sqn
  • Date Charges Laid: 22 Feb 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 12 Jul 2017
    1. Section 130 Service Trial of Civil Offences (266 Assault)
    2. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    3. Section 97 Drunkenness
  • Findings: Guilty on charge 1; not guilty on charges 2 and 3
  • Sentence: Reprimand and Fine $400

5. Macpherson MWO JJ

  • Unit Name: CDA HQ
  • Date Charges Laid: 27 Mar 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 05 Jul 2017
    1. Section 83 Disobedience of Lawful Command
    2. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    3. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Not guilty on charge 1 and 2; Guilty on charge 3
  • Sentence: Reprimand

6. Mullin Pte EC

  • Unit Name: CFSCE
  • Date Charges Laid: 05 Jul 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 25 Jul 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings:Guilty
  • Sentence:
    1. Fine $200;
    2. Confinement to Ship or Barracks 14 Days; and
    3. Extra Work and Drill 7 Day(s)

7. Sirois Cpl JP

  • Unit Name: 1 Cdn Div HQ
  • Date Charges Laid: 16 Aug 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 28 Aug 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    2. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    3. Section 130 Service Trial of Civil Offences (266 Assault)
  • Findings: Guilty on charge 1 and 3; charge 2 was stayed
  • Sentence:
    • Confinement to Ship or Barracks 7 Day(s);
    • Extra Work and Drill 14 Day(s); and
    • Fine $1000

8. Roberge MCpl JRUE

  • Unit Name: 21 EW Regt
  • Date Charges Laid: 26 Sep 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 04 Oct 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty
  • Sentence: Confinement to Ship or Barracks 21 Day(s)

9. Viens-Larouche Pte OD

  • Unit Name: CFLRS
  • Date Charges Laid: 06 Sep 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 11 Sep 2017
    1. Section 86 Quarrels and Disturbances
    2. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    3. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    4. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty on charge 1 and 2; not guilty on charge 3 and 4
  • Sentence: Fine $250

10. Robinson Lt(N) TN

  • Unit Name: Venture NOTC
  • Date Charges Laid: 12 Sep 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 17 Oct 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty
  • Sentence: Fine $200

11. Dalton Lt(N) C.L.

  • Unit Name: HMCS CALGARY
  • Date Charges Laid: 15 Aug 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 04 Oct 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty
  • Sentence: Fine $200

12. Gedeon MCpl SB

  • Unit Name: 2 RCHA
  • Date Charges Laid: 08 Feb 2018
  • Summary Trial Date: 16 Feb 2018
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    2. Section 97 Drunkenness
  • Findings: Guilty on both charges
  • Sentence: Extra Work and Drill 14 Day(s)

13. Wilson Pte TJJ

  • Unit Name: CFLRS
  • Date Charges Laid: 02 Oct 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 06 Oct 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    2. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    3. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty on charge 2; not guilty on charge 1 and 3
  • Sentence: Fine $150

14. Ivison Pte SE

  • Unit Name: CFSME
  • Date Charges Laid: 15 Sep 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 18 Sep 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty
  • Sentence:
    • Fine $100
    • Confinement to Ship or Barracks 3 Day(s)

15. Morrell Cpl JKA

  • Unit Name: 5 CDSB Gagetown
  • Date Charges Laid: 15 Nov 2017
  • Summary Trial Date: 06 Dec 2017
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    2. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    3. Section 97 Drunkenness
  • Findings: Guilty on charge 1 and 3; not guilty on charge 2
  • Sentence: Confinement to Ship or Barracks 7 Day(s)

16. Renaud Pte MM

  • Unit Name: CFLRS
  • Date Charges Laid: 12 Jan 2018
  • Summary Trial Date: 19 Jan 2018
    1. Section 129 Conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Findings: Guilty
  • Sentence: Confinement to Ship or Barracks 3 Day(s)

Completed Courts Martial related to Sexual Misconduct: Total = 20

1. Lt(N) Clark

  • CM Commenced: 20 Feb 2017
  • CM Completed: 18 Apr 2017
    1. Charges 1 and 2: s. 130 NDA, assault (s. 266 Criminal Code)
    2. Charges 1 and 2: s. 130 NDA, assault (s. 266 Criminal Code)
    3. Charges 3: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    4. Charges 4: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    5. Charges 5: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    6. Charges 6: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    7. Charges 7: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
    8. Charges 8: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Verdict: Guilty on charges 5, 6, 7, 8 and charges 1, 2, 3 and 4 were withdrawn
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $2,000 fine
  • Judge: LCol D’Auteuil

2. Cpl Cadieux

  • CM Commenced: 18 Apr 2017
  • CM Completed: 12 May 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code)
    2. Charge 2: s. 97 NDA, drunkenness.
  • Verdict: Not Guilty on both charges
  • Judge: LCol D’Auteuil

3. OS Betts

  • CM Commenced: 15 May 2017
  • CM Completed: 15 May 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of goof order and discipline
    2. Charge 2: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of goof order and discipline
  • Verdict: Guilty on both Charges
  • Sentence: $200 fine
  • Judge: LCol D’Auteuil

4. PO2 Wilks

  • CM Commenced: 9 Jan 2017
  • CM Completed: 25 May 2017
    1. Charge 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8: s. 130 NDA, breach of trust by public officer (s. 122 Criminal Code)
    2. Charge 5: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code)
  • Verdict: Guilty on Charges 5, 6, 7 and 8; Not Guilty on Charges 1, 2, 3 and 4
  • Sentence: 9 months imprisonment
  • Judge: Col Dutil

5. OCdt Morgado

  • CM Commenced: 15 Sep 2017
  • CM Completed: 15 Sep 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code),
    2. Charge 2: s. 93 NDA, behaved in a disgraceful manner
  • Verdict: Charge 1: Withdrawn. Charge 2: Guilty
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $1,500 fine
  • Judge: Cdr J.B.M. Pelletier

6. Cpl Riddell

  • CM Commenced: 11 Oct 2017
  • CM Completed: 11 Oct 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code)
    2. Charge 2: s. 93 NDA, behaved in a disgraceful manner)
  • Verdict: Charge 1 stayed, guilty plea on Charge 2
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $1,800 fine
  • Judge: Col Dutil

7. Capt Duvall

  • CM Commenced: 24 Oct 2017
  • CM Completed: 24 Oct 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 93 NDA, behaved in a disgraceful manner
  • Verdict: Guilty plea on Charge 1
  • Sentence: Severe Reprimand and $1,000 fine
  • Judge: Cdr Sukstorf

8. WO Buenacruz (ret’d)

  • CM Commenced: 23 Oct 2017
  • CM Completed: 1 Nov 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code)
    2. Charges 2, 4: s. 93 NDA, disgraceful conduct
    3. Charge 3: s. 130 NDA, obtaining sexual services for consideration (286.1(1) Criminal Code)
    4. Charge 5: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Verdict: Not Guilty on all charges
  • Sentence: NIL
  • Judge: Cdr Pelletier

9. Cdr Mensah

  • CM Commenced: 4 Dec 2017
  • CM Completed: 4 Dec 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 93 NDA, disgraceful conduct
    2. Charges 2, 3: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Verdict: Guilty plea on charge 3 and charges 1 and 2 were withdrawn.
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $2,500 fine
  • Judge: LCol D'Auteuil

10. WO Grant

  • CM Commenced: 4 Dec 2017
  • CM Completed: 4 Dec 2017
    1. Charges 1, 2: s. 93 NDA, behaved in a disgraceful manner
    2. Charge 3: s. 97 NDA, drunkenness
    3. Charge 4: s. 86 NDA, used provoking speech, tending to cause a quarrel
  • Verdict: Guilty plea on charges 1 and 3, charges 2 and 4 were withdrawn
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $1,500 fine
  • Judge: Cdr Pelletier

11. Sgt Coveyeow

  • CM Commenced: 12 Dec 2017
  • CM Completed: 12 Dec 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline
  • Verdict: Guilty
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $200 fine Judge: LCol D'Auteuil

12. MCpl Obele-Ngoudni

  • CM Commenced: 11 Dec 2017
  • CM Completed: 15 Dec 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, assault (s. 266 Criminal Code)
    2. Charge 2: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code)
  • Verdict: Not Guilty on both charges
  • Sentence: NIL Judge: Cdr Pelletier

13. MCpl Whalen

  • CM Commenced: 6 Dec 2017
  • CM Completed: 25 Jan 2018
    1. Charge 1: s. 83 NDA, disobeyed a lawful command of a superior office.
    2. Charge 2: s. 130 NDA, making child pornography (s. 163.1(2) Criminal Code).
    3. Charge 3: s. 130 NDA, sexual interference (s. 151 Criminal Code).
    4. Charge 4: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code).
    5. Charges 5, 6: s. 130 NDA, possess child pornography (s. 163.1(4) Criminal Code).
    6. Charge 7: s. 130 NDA, voyeurism (s. 162(1)(a) Criminal Code).
    7. Charge 8: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline.
    8. Charge 9: s. 90 NDA, absented himself without leave.
    9. Charge 10: s. 97 NDA, drunkenness
  • Verdict: Guilty plea to charge 4, all other charges were withdrawn
  • Sentence: Dismissal with disgrace, 18 months imprisonment, reduction in rank to Private, SOIRA 20 years and DNA Orders issued.
  • Judge: Cdr Sukstorf

14. Cpl Gobin

  • CM Commenced: 1 Feb 2018
  • CM Completed: 7 Feb 2018
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code).
  • Verdict: Guilty of the lesser and included offence of assault (s. 266 Criminal Code)
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $1,500 fine
  • Judge: Cdr Sukstorf

15. Capt Bannister

  • CM Commenced: 15 Jan 2018
  • CM Completed: 27 Feb 2018
    1. Charge 1 (alternative to charge 2): s. 93 NDA, behaved in a disgraceful manner.
    2. Charge 2 (alternative to charge 1): s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline (sexual harassment).
    3. Charge 3 (alternative to charge 4): s. 93 NDA, behaved in a disgraceful manner.
    4. Charge 4 (alternative to charge 3): s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline (sexual harassment).
    5. Charge 5 (alternative to charge 6): s. 93 NDA, behaved in a disgraceful manner.
    6. Charge 6 (alternative to charge 5): s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline (sexual harassment).
  • Verdict: Not guilty on all charges
  • Sentence: NIL
  • Judge: LCol D'Auteuil

16. MS Cooper

  • CM Commenced: 7 Mar 2018
  • CM Completed: 12 Mar 2018
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, sexual assault (s. 271 Criminal Code).
    2. Charge 2: s. 95 NDA, ill-treated a person who by reason of rank or appointment was subordinate to him.
  • Verdict: Guilty on both charges
  • Sentence: Imprisonment 22 months, dismissal from the CAF; reduction in rank to Ordinary Seaman.
  • Judge: Cdr Sukstorf

17. Cpl Miszczak

  • CM Commenced: 13 Mar 2018
  • CM Completed: 13 Mar 2018
    1. Charge 1 s. 130 NDA, made available an intimate image without consent (s. 162.1 Criminal Code).
    2. Charge 2: s. 129 NDA, conduct to the prejudice of good order and discipline.
  • Verdict: Guilty plea on charge 2 and not guilty on charge 1
  • Sentence: Reduction in rank to Private
  • Judge: LCol D'Auteuil

18. Cpl Furtado

  • CM Commenced: 16 Mar 2018
  • CM Completed: 16 Mar 2018
    1. Charge 1 s. 86 NDA, quarrelled with a person
  • Verdict: Guilty plea
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $700 fine
  • Judge: Cdr Sukstorf

19. Sgt Euper

  • CM Commenced: 27 Mar 2018
  • CM Completed: 27 Mar 2018
    1. Charge 1: s. 95 NDA, ill-treated a person who by reason of rank was subordinate to him.
  • Verdict: Guilty plea
  • Sentence: Reduction in rank to Corporal and $1,500 fine
  • Judge: Cdr Sukstorf

20. Cpl Quirion

  • CM Commenced: 11 Oct 2017
  • CM Completed: 11 Oct 2017
    1. Charge 1: s. 130 NDA, assault (s. 266 Criminal Code)
    2. Charge 2: s. 95 NDA, ill-treated a person who by reason of rank or appointment was subordinate to him.
    3. Charge 3: s. 97 NDA, drunkenness
  • Verdict: Charge 1 withdrawn, Charge 2 guilty plea, Charge 3 withdrawn
  • Sentence: Reprimand and $1,500 fine
  • Judge: LCol D’Auteuil

Career Administrative Reviews for Sexual Misconduct
Month # Files Opened # Files Closed
Other[5] RW[6] C&P[7] Release
5(f)[8]
Release
2(a)[9]
Release
1(a)[10]
Total Closed
Apr-17 6 1 0 0 0 1 0 2
May-17 12 0 0 1 5 5 0 11
Jun-17 13 1 0 0 0 2 0 3
Jul-17 7 1 0 0 2 0 0 3
Aug-17 7 0 2 1 1 0 0 4
Sep-17 6 0 1 2 1 1 0 5
Oct-17 1 2 1 0 1 1 0 5
Nov-17 4 4 1 1 2 2 0 10
Dec-17 2 1 4 0 0 0 0 5
Jan-18 3 1 0 1 0 1 1 4
Feb-18 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Mar-18 5 4 2 1 1 1 1 10
Total 69 15 11 7 13 15 2 63


Footnotes

[1] Note that not all of the offences listed occurred in the timeframe of this report. These numbers reflect when reports were made to the Canadian Forces National Investigative Service (CFNIS).

[2] CCJS Status - Cleared by Charge (C) is the total reports in which there is a charge laid or recommended to be laid against an individual(s) in relation to this incident.

[3] Cleared Otherwise means the department has 1) identified at least one CSC, and 2) there is sufficient evidence to lay a charge in connection with the incident, but for one of the reasons listed, the CSC is processed by other means.

[4] Concluded (C); excludes files determined to be Unfounded.

[5] Apr: Insufficient evidence that incident was sexual in nature
Jun: 3(b) - found not guilty of Sex Assault (Insufficient evidence) + member in breach of universality of service
Jul: 5(e) - Irregular enrolment
Oct-Dec: Insufficient evidence incident occurred
Jan: Insufficient evidence incident was sexual in nature
Mar Insufficient evidence (2), insufficient evidence incident was sexual (1), CO applied appropriate RM (1)

[6] Recorded warning

[7] Counselling and probation

[8] Release - Unsuitable for further service

[9] Release - Unsatisfactory conduct

[10] Release – Sentenced to dismissal

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