Employment and Social Development Canada: ESDC 101
From: Employment and Social Development Canada Overall summary
ESDC builds a strong Canadian economy where all Canadians have opportunities to participate and benefit.
The ESDC 101 infographic gives an overview of the core programs and services offered to Canadians throughout their lives; it shows the scale of the Department’s importance and the extent to which its budget directly benefits Canadians in all parts of the country. Through its programs and services, ESDC ensures that post-secondary education and apprenticeship training are more affordable and accessible to all Canadians, and that eligible Canadians are provided with retirement, survivor and disability benefits. The Department offers programs and initiatives that promote skills development and labour market participation, provides temporary income support to eligible unemployed workers, and conducts research and analysis on labour and workplace issues.
Figure 1: Who we are
Figure 1 – Text version
The Department has 3 portfolios: Employment and Social Development Canada, the Labour Program and Service Canada.
ESDC administers 31 grants and contributions programs
In 2018 to 2019, ESDC spent $130.3 billion on its wide array of policy, programs and services, representing 35% of total federal government expenditures
1. Of that amount, 93.6% ($122 billion 2) were to provide direct benefits to Canadians, corresponding to 5.5% 3 of Canada’s gross domestic product. A further 2.6% ($3.3 billion) was transferred to the provinces and territories 4 The Department’s gross operating budget represented 2.6% ($3.4 billion) of the overall department’s spending. In addition, another 1.2% ($1.6 billion) was provided to other government departments and organizations
5 Four flagship programs: Old Age Security/Guaranteed Income Supplement, Canada Pension Plan, Employment Insurance and Canada Student Loans
Employment and Social Development Canada has over 25 000 employees, over 65% of whom are located outside of the National Capital Region
1If the Canada Pension Plan expenditures, which are not consolidated in the federal public accounts, are excluded, ESDC’s expenditure represent 25% of total federal government expenditures in 2018-2019.
2$122B is comprised of statutory payments made directly to Canadians as well as programs providing benefits to Canadians through grants and contributions.
4The transfers to provinces and territories include Labour Market Development Agreements (Employment Insurance-funded), Workforce Development Agreements and Early Learning and Child Care.
5This includes administrative costs related to Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, administrative costs of other federal department related to delivery of Employment Insurance benefits, Employment Insurance doubtful accounts and Workers Compensation.
Figure 2: Where you can find us
Figure 2 – Text version
Service Canada provides Canadians with a single point of access to a wide range of government services and benefits
Canadians are able to access our services across the country at 318 Service Canada Centres, 247 scheduled outreach sites, 15 service delivery partner’s sites, and 31 passport service sites
Figure 3: What we do
Figure 3 – Text version
Employment and Social Development Canada develops economic and social policies and programs that support and improve the well-being of Canadians.
Our core responsibilities
Social development: increase inclusion and opportunities for Canadians to participate in their communities
Pension and benefits: assist Canadians in maintaining income for retirement, and provide financial benefits to survivors, people with disabilities and their families
Learning, skills development and employment: help Canadians access post-secondary education and get the skills and training they need to participate in a changing labour market, as well as provide support to those who are temporarily unemployed
Working conditions and workplace relations: promote safe, healthy, fair and inclusive working conditions and cooperative workplace relations
Information and service delivery: deliver a wide range of federal programs and services and information, including on behalf of other government departments
Canada Employment Insurance Commission
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Social Security Tribunal of Canada
Canada Industrial Relations Board
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
Policy Horizons Canada
Canadian Accessibility Standards Development Organization
Employment and Social Development Canada delivers a wide range of programs and services that help Canadians move through life’s transitions, for example:
From early childhood to post-secondary education…
Canada Child Benefit (led by Finance with support from ESDC)
Early Learning and Child Care
…from school to work,
Canada Student Loans and Grants
Trades and Apprenticeship Program
…from one job to another,
Canada Training Benefit (2020)
…from unemployment to employment,
…from the workforce to retirement.
Old Age Security / Guaranteed Income Supplement
Canada Pension Plan
Helping Canadians with distinct needs.
Canadian Pension Plan / Disability
Enabling Accessibility Fund
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