Welcome letter to the Minister of Families, Children and Social Development - 2021
Dear Minister Gould:
We would like to take this opportunity to welcome you to Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). Please accept our congratulations on your appointment as the Minister of Families, Children and Social Development. We look forward to working with you to serve Canadians, support them through recovery and advance government priorities.
You are joining the Department during a period of uncertainty for the country as we look to emerge from the pandemic and accelerate efforts on economic growth, all while continuing to support Canadians. As Deputy Ministers of ESDC, we are at your disposal as your primary source of non partisan advice and professional expertise on issues that fall under your responsibility. We are your principal point of contact, providing a gateway into the Department and supporting you at every step of the policy development cycle. We will also be responsible for implementing the ambitious agenda set out in your platform.
You have responsibilities for one of the largest departments within the Government of Canada. ESDC covers three portfolios: Employment and Social Development, Service Canada and the Labour Program. With over 35,000 public servants, 74% of whom work outside of the National Capital Region, and the vast majority currently working remotely, the Department’s operations touch the lives of Canadians at every stage of life, across the entire country.
In 2019-2020, the Department delivered $135.2 billion in direct benefits to Canadians, including $1.7 billion in grants and contributions funding across more than 30 programs. This represented 6.15% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In 2020-21, departmental spending increased dramatically to support Canadians through the COVID-19 pandemic. ESDC provided $92.1 billion in emergency funding alone through a series of measures, including the Canada Emergency Response Benefit, the Canada Emergency Student Benefit, the Canada recovery benefits, and the one time payment for seniors, among others.
We look forward to providing you with in depth briefings on files requiring your attention in the short and medium term. These briefings, which will be tailored to support your specific interests and priorities, will help inform the decisions you will need to make to implement your platform commitments, previous priorities, as well as priorities that are a part of normal departmental business.
To prepare you for these discussions, this letter provides you with our preliminary analysis of your platform commitments and initial advice on how we can implement your agenda. We have also set out below an overview of the operational context, your key responsibilities as Minister of Families, Children and Social Development, some early decisions we will be seeking from you, as well as other items you may wish to considerFootnote 1.
Your role and responsibilities
As Minister of Families, Children and Social Development, your main responsibilities include delivering social development programs for Canadians. A key focus will be working with Provincial, Territorial and Indigenous partners to build a high quality, affordable and flexible Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC) across Canada, including Indigenous ELCC. You are also responsible for community based programs that assist local organizations in achieving positive solutions. For example, the Social Innovation and Social Finance Strategy which aims to improve the effectiveness of social interventions and support greater growth and sustainability of social and other service providing organizations.
You are also supporting the Minister of Seniors to deliver three major programs that provide direct income support to Canadians at different life stages: the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), which provides retirement, disability and survivor benefits based on past contributions into the Plan; the Old Age Security (OAS) program, Canada’s largest pension program, which delivers monthly payments to seniors 65 years of age and older; and the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) which provides additional financial support to lower income seniors.
Service Canada is an asset to the department overall. In that regard you have a particular role in ensuring that other ministers are supported in delivering on the mandates of the department and that Canadians benefit from our programs and services.
A. ESDC at a glance
Your briefing package highlights the breadth of our mandate, from setting up an education savings plan for a newborn to receiving a pension from the Canada Pension Plan (CPP).
The Department is either directly responsible for delivering these programs or works with key partners, such as the provinces and territories, other Government of Canada departments and the voluntary and non profit sector, to ensure Canadians have the social and economic supports they need. Some of ESDC’s programs focus on systemically disadvantaged populations to address inequalities and reduce participation gaps in the economy and in society. Given the nature of its mandate, ESDC is one of the few government departments at the crossroads of most social and economic policies.
ESDC is also a pillar of the Government’s service and benefit delivery infrastructure. Service Canada provides services and information to communities across the country and plays an essential role in reaching all Canadians regardless of where they live. The Department also delivers benefits to communities more broadly, through funding programs for community organizations that provide local solutions to Canada’s social challenges.
Finally, the Labour Program promotes a fair, safe, healthy and productive work environment through workplace legislation and regulations. The Labour Program is under the responsibility of the Minister of Labour.
Your briefing package includes infographics that depict the context you will be working in and the major issues relevant to our Department, including a number of those touched on below.
B. Canada’s economic and social landscape
Prior to COVID 19, the Canadian labour market was performing well. Although Canada and other developed countries were experiencing slow economic growth (annual GDP growth at 2 percent, lower than historic trends), the labour market was creating new jobs at an impressive pace and the unemployment rate was near an all time low. At the same time, many employers were reporting shortages of skilled workers.
In less than eight weeks, COVID 19 shifted Canada’s economy and labour market dramatically from a position of strength to weakness. By April 2020, 3 million Canadians had lost their jobs and another 2.5 million saw their work hours significantly reduced. Canada’s GDP saw its largest contraction in recent history, leaving few industries unscathed. Small businesses were hit particularly hard with over 40% of them reporting losing more than 20% of their revenue compared to the previous year.
Close contact businesses, such as retail, restaurants, and performing arts, witnessed even more severe revenue losses. These industries employ women, young people and racialized persons in greater proportion than the rest of the economy. As a result, those Canadians who faced labour market barriers before the pandemic have been more severely impacted.
Despite this major contraction, the Canadian economy has shown resilience and economic forecasts for continued growth are promising. As of September 2021, employment was back to pre pandemic levels (19.1 million). However, there were still 1.4 million Canadians who were unemployed, an increase of 276,000 relative to pre pandemic levels. Economic uncertainty is still a concern as Canada is facing many potential challenges, including a new wave of COVID 19 currently driven by the Delta variant, supply chain disruptions to production and consumption of goods in Canada and shifting consumer demand, for instance increased use of e commerce, which requires enterprises to revise their business models.
The unusual nature of this current economic slowdown, driven by public health restrictions on economic activity rather than broader macroeconomic forces, means that a full recovery in many sectors will likely occur more quickly than would be typical. Canada could quickly pivot in the short term from elevated unemployment levels to low unemployment and labour shortages in many sectors and industries.
In fact, the labour market is already rapidly tightening in some sectors, and employers are finding it challenging to hire workers. Some of these challenges can be attributed to the fact that the economy is still in a period of adjustment, as a number of sectors reopened during the summer, and the process of matching available jobs with qualified workers is not an immediate one. Furthermore, recovery is likely to occur in an uneven manner across regions, and also across sectors. For example, hospitality, tourism and the arts continue to be constrained by public health measures. Finally, Canadians facing pre pandemic barriers and in precarious or impacted sectors risk falling further behind during the recovery period.
Changing nature of work and skills
Many of the trends that were putting pressure on the labour market prior to the pandemic (for example, technology, globalization and climate change) are likely to either continue or accelerate. The pandemic has hastened the trend towards automation, as many employers found themselves with reduced and unpredictable access to workers. The risk of automation related job transformation in Canada is higher for several groups of the population, including low skilled workers (individuals without post secondary credentials) and older workers, who are over represented in roles that are routine in nature and vulnerable to automation.
Certain populations, such as Indigenous peoples, are at greater risk of being left further behind in the future labour market. Nearly two thirds of jobs held by Indigenous workers are facing a skills overhaul, as data, robotics and advanced technologies drive transformational change in sectors that many Indigenous peoples depend on for work (for example, construction, retail and agriculture). The global shift towards low carbon economies will also mean that certain roles are either eliminated, changed, or created as new opportunities in clean energy emerge.
The trend towards jobs requiring higher skills is projected to continue in the future. From 2019 to 2028, about 75% of employment growth is expected to be in high skill occupations. Growth in high skilled employment has outpaced growth in low skilled employment in the industrialized world over the past 30 years. Moreover, 45% of Canadians do not have the literacy and numeracy skill levels required to perform well in the majority of jobs.
New approaches to skills development and adult upskilling or reskilling could facilitate employee retention and are often better linked to the demands of the workplace. A broad range of advanced skills will be needed to foster a dynamic economic recovery and ensure a more resilient and globally competitive economy over the longer term.
There is strong evidence that investments in training improve work attachment and earnings outcomes, and reduce dependence on government income support, such as Employment Insurance (EI) benefits and social assistance. Canada has one of the most educated workforces in the world and is above the Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development average with respect to participation in adult education and training. However, Canada does not invest as much as peer jurisdictions in training as a share of GDP.
The cost of training or lack of time because of work and family responsibilities impede some Canadians from pursuing learning and training activities and adapting to the changing skill needs of the labour market. Moreover, those who receive the least amount of training tend to be those who face the greatest employment challenges (for example, low paid or low skilled).
Canada’s labour force
In recent decades, a relatively youthful demographic distribution and increased labour force participation (principally driven by more women entering the workforce) have been significant drivers of economic growth. However, Canada, along with many industrialized countries, has an aging population. An increasing number of older Canadians have remained in, or have returned to, the labour force in recent decades. The share of workers aged 55 and over among all workers has doubled over the last 20 years (22.1% of all workers in 2020 compared to 10.4% in 2000). For seniors over 65 years, there has been a rise in labour force participation from 6% in 2000 to 13.8% in 2020. Nevertheless, Canada’s aging population will put downward pressure on labour force participation.
The coming decades will see labour force shortages and skills mismatches combine to act as a drag on productivity and economic growth. Upskilling and reskilling workers, increasing skilled immigration intake, growing the number of new graduates and increasing labour market inclusion of under represented groups, such as persons with disabilities, youth, visible minorities and Indigenous peoples, will be essential to addressing labour shortages and driving growth across the country. Fostering greater labour market inclusion of women continues to represent an opportunity to generate economic growth. In 2019, the labour force participation rate of women (61.3 percent) was 8.8% less than men (70.1 percent). This represents 1.4 million women (aged 15 or over) who could potentially join the labour force if their participation rate matched that of men.
Women with young children in the labour force were among those hardest hit by COVID 19. When schools and child care centres closed during the first wave of the pandemic, the employment of women with young children dropped. While employment among these mothers initially showed some recovery towards the end of 2020 with the gradual re opening of the economy, schools and child care centres, employment levels fell again as strict public health measures were re imposed to fight subsequent waves of the pandemic.
As of August 2021, employment recovery of women with young children is still lagging. Employment among women with toddlers or school aged children fell 7% between February and May 2020 compared to a decline of 4% among fathers of children of the same age. Single mothers were even more significantly impacted, with employment among this cohort down 12% from February to June 2020 compared to a 7% decline among single fathers. Despite absorbing 51% of job losses in March and April of 2020, women accounted for just 45% of job gains in May and June as economic activity restarted. The pandemic has pushed women’s participation in the labour force down to its lowest level in three decades.
Women’s participation in the labour force seems to be highly influenced by access to affordable, high quality child care. In 2020, the employment rate was the highest in Quebec (77 percent) which has a low fee, high quality early learning and child care system, but was lower in Alberta (66 percent), Ontario and British Columbia (67 percent) and Saskatchewan (68 percent), where access to high quality and affordable child care is more limited.
The pandemic has also underscored gaps in public income support for many Canadians, including uneven coverage across the country for many part time workers, as well as no coverage for job loss for self employed workers, including gig workers. The Employment Insurance program was not designed to account for the realities of today’s labour market and workforce, where a significant proportion of Canadians are engaged in non traditional forms of employment and work arrangements.
In 2019, approximately 37% of the Canadian workforce was in non standard forms of employment (for example, temporary, part time or self employed with no employees). Temporary emergency measures, such as the Canada Emergency Response Benefit, were introduced to support these workers during the pandemic.
Economic and social inclusion
It is likely that recovery from COVID 19 will continue to accentuate gaps and inequalities in employment and education for many Canadians (for example, people from low income communities, Indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities, and Black and racialized persons). These barriers act as a drag on economic growth, as well as increase spending on social services and lost tax revenue.
There are just under seven million people over the age of 65 in Canada, representing 18% of the population. By the end of the 2030s, close to one quarter of Canadians will be 65 years of age or older. The share of Canadians aged 75 and older is expected to rise even faster, from 7.6% of the population in 2020 to 12.5% by 2036. Canada’s aging population is expected to not only limit the size of the labour force growth, but also highlight additional factors related to economic and social inclusion.
Compared to previous generations, Canada’s seniors are living longer and healthier, as well as working and volunteering at higher rates. However, the pandemic has had significant impacts on seniors. While seniors already faced major social and health risks, such as physical injuries, dementia, social isolation and elder abuse, they have also the highest rates of hospitalization and deaths due to COVID 19. Quarantine measures have also adversely affected seniors by causing further social isolation. The impacts are particularly severe for seniors in long term care facilities.
The proportion of seniors living below the poverty line declined from 7% in 2015 to 5.4% in 2019. This was the lowest rate among socio economic groups in Canada and is one of the lowest levels of poverty for seniors among all Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development countries.
Federal programs, such as the Old Age Security pension, the Guaranteed Income Supplement and the Canada Pension Plan (in Quebec, the Quebec Pension Plan), provincial and territorial income supplements, along with workplace pension plans and personal savings, have provided seniors with the financial supports to meet their basic needs and reduce their risk of living in poverty. The Department is working with Indigenous Services Canada and others to improve our understanding of the income situation of Indigenous seniors.
While seniors are working longer, living longer also means that individuals will require more savings to fund a longer retirement period, increasing the risk of outliving their financial resources. The Government has strengthened the Retirement Income System through different measures. Seniors’ financial situation is also heavily influenced by ownership of assets.
Persons with Disabilities
In 2017, persons with disabilities made up 22% of the Canadian population. This proportion is only expected to increase with an aging population and changing attitudes towards self identification of disabilities. Persons with disabilities report similar levels of apprenticeship and trade education compared to the general population and are more likely to have a college, CEGEP or other non university certificate or diploma. Nevertheless, before the pandemic, working age persons with disabilities were twice as likely to be living in poverty as the general population. Persons with disabilities have the lowest employment rate among under represented groups (21% lower than the general population) and significantly lower median employment income than other Canadians. At the same time, the situation of most poor working age Canadians with disabilities tends to improve significantly once they reach 65 years and transfer onto federal benefits (from 21% for working age with disabilities to 9% for persons with disabilities 65 years and older).
Health, social and economic outcomes worsened for persons with disabilities during the pandemic. The pandemic has affected employment and creates additional financial pressures for persons with disabilities, with a third reporting a temporary or permanent job loss or loss of income. Almost half of persons with disabilities report worse overall health compared to before COVID 19, which is even higher for visible minorities with a disability. This may be due to factors such as requiring close human interaction for support, having underlying health conditions, or being more likely to be hospitalized.
Overall, young Canadians are increasingly educated, connected and diverse. The employment rate for youth (15 24 year olds) in 2019 was among the highest in the world, while post secondary education enrolment remains robust (1.5 million students) and has increased by 3.8% from 2019 2020 to 2020 2021. While the cost of post secondary education is rising, student debt has remained stable for over a decade; in fact, in real dollars, the average Canada Student Loan debt has declined by 11% since 2009.
Nevertheless, many young people face challenges making successful transitions from school to work and gaps remain in educational outcomes. Youth from under represented groups, including Indigenous youth, immigrants, racialized youth and young persons with disabilities, have relatively higher unemployment rates. Under represented youth also have disproportionately higher high school dropout rates and lower post secondary education attainment rates.
There is uncertainty regarding the impact of the pandemic on the educational and employment outcomes for youth, who might be faced with long term economic exclusion and scarring that reduces their earnings potential and career opportunities. Impacts of past recessions have had lasting effects on the economic prosperity of youth. Impacts are likely to be more severe and longer term for those young people who were already struggling before the pandemic. For example, youth with disabilities were impacted earlier, more severely and for longer than those without disabilities in the recessions of the 1990s and of the 2000s.
Indigenous peoples face economic and social exclusion in a number of different facets of life. The median before tax income of Indigenous peoples in 2016 was $25,526 compared to $34,604 for the non Indigenous population. Indigenous peoples are also less likely to attend post secondary education than other Canadians and 23% report overt experiences of discrimination. Indigenous mothers are more likely to engage in unpaid work, such as caring for children or relatives, than non Indigenous mothers. Indigenous peoples are the youngest demographic group in Canada— about 44% were under age 25 in 2016 (compared to 28% of the non Indigenous population).
Over a third of Indigenous peoples, a group already facing an elevated poverty rate, reported that the pandemic caused them financial instability (compared to a quarter of non Indigenous peoples). Establishing clearer pathways to education and employment for Indigenous peoples, as well as more integrated supports in areas such as child care, could be a driver of broader economic growth and also mitigate some of the complex socio economic challenges that they continue to face.
Charitable and non profit sector
The community based charitable and non profit sector plays a vital role contributing to the fabric of Canadian society, providing essential community based services and social programming, employing over 580,000 people (80% of whom are women, while a significant amount are seniors), and contributing $30.3 billion (1.26 percent) to Canada’s GDP. The COVID 19 pandemic has significantly disrupted the sector, leading to increased demand for the essential services it provides, amidst, in many cases, decreases in revenues, as well as in volunteer and staff resources.
The sector was supported by COVID 19 benefits, such as the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy and funding to deliver the Emergency Community Support Fund to the most vulnerable. Additional strategic investments are needed to help ensure the long term sustainability of the sector and allow it to adapt. It is vital that these organizations be able to address shifting community level needs and develop innovative and modern approaches in the wake of the pandemic.
C. Your platform commitments
To help deliver on your platform commitments, the Department has undertaken an initial analysis and we are putting forward our strategic advice on key priority themes. [Three sentences redacted]
Below is our early assessment of the major electoral commitments for which you are responsible.
Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC)
$10 a Day Child Care for Families: work with provincial, territorial, and Indigenous partners to build a high quality, affordable and flexible ELCC system across Canada, investing up to $30 billion over the next five years, and a minimum of $9.2 billion per year ongoing.
Reduce fees for child care by 50% in the next year, reduce regulated child care fees to $10 a day on average within the next five years, everywhere outside of Quebec, build 250,000 new high quality child care spaces, hire 40,000 more early childhood educators, finalize agreements with all remaining provinces and territories, work with the province of Quebec to build on its world class, affordable child care system, improve working conditions for educators, and create more spaces for families, and enact federal child care legislation to strengthen and protect a Canada wide child care system.
Between July 8 and August 13, 2021, the Government signed Canada wide agreements with eight provinces and territories (British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Yukon, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan), and the Department was recently directed to resume negotiations with the remaining five provinces and territories (Ontario, Alberta, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Negotiations could also resume quickly with the two remaining provinces (Quebec and Manitoba) that have not yet signed their smaller bilateral agreements, that is the extension of existing agreements and the one year workforce funding.
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Work with Indigenous partners to ensure Indigenous children have access to culturally appropriate, affordable, high quality ELCC (invest $2.5 billion over the next five years in Indigenous Early Learning and Child Care).
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Introduce a 1 800 help line for seniors to provide a single point of access to a wide range of government services and benefits.
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Empowerment of Black Canadians
Implement the Black led Philanthropic Endowment Fund. This fund will be administered independently by Black Canadians and will help support Black led and Black serving community organizations.
In response to stakeholder calls for greater equity in the philanthropic sector and funding proposals received from proponents, the Department has investigated the use of endowment models, which hold considerable potential to increase support for organizations working for the advancement of Black Canadian communities. As long term, community led initiatives, endowments feature their own distinct set of implementation considerations, particularly as it relates to governance and control frameworks. In May 2021, the Department held roundtable consultations with 150 stakeholders from Black communities, who expressed their support for an endowment fund and offered their views on the governance, design and goals of an endowment approach.
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The Department is also continuing to implement the Supporting Black Canadian Communities Initiatives, which recently invested up to $82 million in approximately 1,300 projects to allow Black led organizations to purchase equipment, as well as retrofit and renovate their spaces to better fulfil their missions. The Initiative also recently launched a call for proposals to establish a National Institute for People of African Descent. We are also working on the implementation of an External Reference Group to convene and mobilize Black Canadian communities on priority issues and to advise on improving the social and economic outcomes of Black Canadians.
National School Food Policy
Work with our provincial, territorial, municipal, Indigenous partners, and stakeholders to develop a National School Food Policy and work towards a national school nutritious meal program with a $1 billion dollar investment over five years.
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D. Moving forward with items from the previous mandate
Although the Department has made substantial progress on the Government’s agenda over the last two years, there are still policies and programs from the previous mandate at various stages of implementation. Some of these initiatives are reiterated in the Government’s new platform and have been touched upon above, while others will require early decisions to advance. We will seek your direction on what new initiatives to prioritize in the near future given the ambitious scope of the agenda that is already underway.
We will brief you on the status of key files in the coming days and weeks, but below is an example of ongoing work that will require your direction.
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E. Partners you may wish to work with to advance your priorities
In your role as Minister of Families, Children and Social Development you will need to work with other federal colleagues, including those who are also responsible for elements of ESDC’s portfolio, to help advance the Government’s agenda. This includes working not only with them at the Cabinet table and in Cabinet committees, but also bilaterally on key commitments and programs.
ESDC has traditionally played a role in key initiatives led by other departments, such as the Canada Recovery Benefit, the Canada Workers Benefit and the Canada Child Benefit, in close collaboration with the Department of Finance and the Canada Revenue Agency. As you are responsible for the ongoing implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, you will have the opportunity to work with many of your colleagues on these initiatives.
Further details on platform commitments that other departments are anticipated to lead but that ESDC will play an important role in developing are outlined in Annex A.
You may also choose to engage with international colleagues through broader fora, such as the G20, the G7, the Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development, and the United Nations. These relationships are important for sharing knowledge; showcasing and advancing Canada’s labour market, social policy and learning priorities; as well as protecting and promoting Canada’s interests internationally.
Collaborating with Indigenous peoples, as well as the not for profit and community based sector will also be one of the main avenues for reaching target populations and ensuring Canadians have access to the supports and services they need.
Provincial and Territorial Fora
As the federal co chair of the Forum of Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services and the ad hoc Table of Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers most responsible for ELCC, your provincial and territorial counterparts will be looking forward to engaging with you to advance key files, such as poverty reduction, income support to vulnerable populations, and ELCC, which are areas of shared mandate. This is an opportunity to strengthen our relationship and work in close collaboration with our key partners, as well as help shape and influence the agenda going forward.
F. Challenges you may encounter in advancing your priorities
We would not be serving you well as your deputies if we did not bring to your attention challenges that we will face as we work together towards implementing your priorities. We will need to have an early discussion on how to address these issues, while also moving forward on implementing your agenda.
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ESDC’s information technology (IT) underpins the delivery of financial support to millions of Canadians, through such programs as Old Age Security (OAS), Canadian Pension Plan (CPP) and Employment Insurance (EI). [Three sentences redacted]
The shift to online services during COVID 19 and the experiences with the commercial sector are driving client expectations for digital services. [Three sentences redacted]
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G. Expiring funding authorities and other key decisions
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Your Welcome Package
You will find additional context and information on the range of issues under ESDC’s portfolio; specifically, you will find the following:
- ESDC Departmental overview: an overview of the Department outlining in greater detail the information contained in this letter about who we are, what we do and who we serve
- Infographics: a series of infographic placemats that provide a visual depiction of the environment in which ESDC operates and the issues we work to address
- Early decisions: an overview of key priorities requiring your attention or decision in the following weeks and months, and
- Dear Minister: A Letter to an Old Friend on Being a Successful Minister - this timeless letter by the former Clerk of the Privy Council, Mr. Gordon Osbaldeston, to his friend (a newly appointed minister) offers candid thoughts on what makes a successful minister.
Your Welcome Package also includes program and service delivery modules, for your information.
In closing, we would like to reiterate that you can count on our full support, as well as that of the entire Department, in implementing your priorities, meeting the challenges of your mandate, and navigating the uncertain times the Department is going through. Detailed program briefings will be organized for you in the coming days. We look forward to working with you.
Deputy Minister of Employment and Social Development
Senior Associate Deputy Minister of Employment and Social Development and Chief Operating Officer of Service Canada
Deputy Minister of Labour and Associate Deputy Minister of Employment and Social Development
Associate Deputy Minister of Employment and Social Development
Senior Associate Deputy Minister of Employment and Social Development
Annex A - Platform commitments led by other departments anticipated to involve ESDC
Expand the Canada Caregiver Credit into a refundable, tax free benefit
Lead: Finance Canada
Establish a new federal transfer to the provinces and territories—the Canada Mental Health Transfer—to assist jurisdictions to expand the delivery of high quality, accessible, and free mental health services
Lead: Health Canada
Addressing Problematic Substance Use
Lead: Health Canada
Invest in Aboriginal Head Start in Urban and Northern communities
Lead: Indigenous Services Canada
End Gender Based Violence
Lead: Women and Gender Equality Canada
Improving Diversity in the Public Service
Lead: Public Service Commission of Canada
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