Research summary – Job vacancies and employment insurance utilization

Official title: Job Vacancies and Employment Insurance Utilization

Author of report: Sami Bibi

Why this study

Understanding the link between job vacancies and employment insurance (EI) use is important. It will help improve the program and make it more responsive and accessible.

What we did

The study examines job vacancies and EI patterns in Canada. It examines this by province and industry from 2004 to 2019. Data sources include:

  1. the Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB)
  2. Canada’s Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS)
  3. the Survey of Employment, Payroll Hours (SEPH)
  4. Employment Insurance Statistics (EIS) survey, and
  5. the Labour Force Survey (LFS)

The measures of EI utilization used are:

What we found

What it means 

This study shows how EI is used differently between recession and boom periods. The findings may support targeted labour market policies. For example, measures could be developed to support economic growth in provinces and territories that rely heavily on EI. These measures could be calibrated to offer enhanced support during recessions. EI use rates and job availability will need to be further researched.

Contact Us

Skills and Employment Branch, Labour Market Information Directorate, Policy Research and Geomatics Division


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