Annex 1: Key labour market statistics

From: Employment and Social Development Canada

Official title: Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Report for the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2020 and ending March 31, 2021: Annex 1: Key labour market statistics

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List of abbreviations

This is the complete list of abbreviations for the Employment Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Report for the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2020 and ending March 31, 2021.

Abbreviations
AD
Appeal Division
ADR
Alternative Dispute Resolution
ASETS
Aboriginal Skills and Employment Training Strategy
B/C Ratio
Benefits-to-Contributions ratio
BDM
Benefits Delivery Modernization
CAWS
Client Access Workstation Services
CCDA
Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship
CCIS
Corporate Client Information Service
CEIC
Canada Employment Insurance Commission
CERB
Canada Emergency Response Benefit
CESB
Canada Emergency Student Benefit
CEWB
Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy
COLS
Community Outreach and Liaison Service
CPP
Canada Pension Plan
CRA
Canada Revenue Agency
CRB
Canada Recovery Benefit
CRCB
Canada Recovery Caregiving Benefit
CRF
Consolidated Revenue Fund
CRSB
Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit
CSO
Citizen Service Officer
CX
Client Experience
EBSM
Employment Benefits and Support Measures
ECC
Employer Contact Centre
EI
Employment Insurance
EI ERB
Employment Insurance Emergency Response Benefit
EICS
Employment Insurance Coverage Survey
eROE
Electronic Record of Employment
ESDC
Employment and Social Development Canada
eSIN
Electronic Social Insurance Number
FY
Fiscal Year
G7
Group of Seven
GDP
Gross Domestic Product
GIS
Guaranteed Income Supplements
HCCS
Hosted Contact Centre Solution
IQF
Individual Quality Feedback
ISET
Indigenous Skills and Employment Training
IVR
Interactive Voice Response
LFS
Labour Force Survey
LMDA
Labour Market Development Agreements
LMI
Labour Market Information
LMP
Labour Market Partnerships
MIE
Maximum Insurable Earnings
MSCA
My Service Canada Account
NAICS
North American Industry Classification System
NESI
National Essential Skills Initiative
NIS
National Investigative Services
NOM
National Operating Model
OAS
Old Age Security
PAAR
Payment Accuracy Review
PPE
Premium-paid eligible individuals
PRAR
Processing Accuracy Review
PRP
Premium Reduction Program
PTs
Provinces and Territories
QPIP
Quebec Parental Insurance Plan
R&I
Research and Innovation
ROE
Record of Employment
RPA
Robotics Process Automation
SAT
Secure Automated Transfer
SCC
Service Canada Centre
SDP
Service Delivery Partner
SEPH
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours
SIN
Social Insurance Number
SIR
Social Insurance Registry
SST
Social Security Tribunal
STDP
Short-term disability plan
SUB
Supplemental Unemployment Benefit
TRF
Targeting, Referral and Feedback
TTY
Teletypewriter
UV
Unemployment-to-vacancy
VBW
Variable Best Weeks
VER
Variable Entrance Requirement
VRI
Video Remote Interpretation
WCAG
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
WWC
Working While on Claim

Annex 1.1 – Key labour market statistics: Concepts and definitionsFootnote 1

Chapter I and annex 1 provide information on the labour force, employment, unemployment, participation rate, employment rate, unemployment rate, job vacancies and job vacancy rate. These concepts are defined below.

Labour force

The labour force is comprised of those members of the civilian non-institutional population 15 years of age and over who were employed or unemployed during the Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey reference week.

Persons who are not in the labour force include those who were either unable to work or unavailable for work. They also include persons who were without work and who had neither actively looked for work in the past 4 weeks nor had a job to start within 4 weeks of the reference week.

Employment

Employed persons are those who, during the Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey reference week:

Unemployment

Unemployed persons are those who, during the Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey reference week:

Participation rate

The participation rate is defined as the labour force expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

Participation rates can be examined by characteristics such as province, gender or age. The participation rate for a particular group is the labour force in that group expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over for that group.

Employment rate

The employment rate is defined as the number of employed persons expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

Employment rates can be examined by characteristics such as province, age or gender. The employment rate for a particular group is the number employed in that group expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over for that group.

Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Unemployment rates can be examined by characteristics such as province, age or gender. The unemployment rate for a particular group is the number unemployed in that group expressed as a percentage of the labour force for that group.

Job vacancies

A job is vacant if it meets the following conditions:

The job could be full-time, part-time, permanent, temporary, casual, or seasonal. Jobs reserved for subcontractors, external consultants, or other workers who are not considered employees, are excluded.

Job vacancy rate

The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of labour demand; for example, all occupied and vacant jobs.

Annex 1.2 – Key labour market statistics1

Statistics FY1819 FY1920 FY2021 February 2020 March 2021 Change February 2020 to March 2021
Population 2 (in thousands) 30,339.6 30,804.9 31,118.4 30,949.3 31,234.5 +0.9%
Labour force (in thousands) 19,835.4 20,147.0 19,946.6 20,301.3 20,356.7 +0.3%
Employment (in thousands) 18,665.3 18,964.4 17,945.0 19,143.6 18,834.4 -1.6%
Unemployment (in thousands) 1,170.1 1,182.6 2,001.7 1,157.6 1,522.2 +31.5%
Unemployment rate (%) 5.9 5.9 10.0 5.7 7.5 +1.8 p.p
Participation rate (%) 65.4 65.4 64.1 65.6 65.2 -0.4 p.p
Employment rate (%) 61.5 61.6 57.7 61.9 60.3 -1.6 p.p

Annex 1.3 – Employment by province or territory, gender, age, educational attainment, industry, employment type, class of workers and job permanency (levels in thousands)

Characteristics1 FY1819 FY1920 FY2021 February 2020 March 2021 Change (%) February 2020 to March 2021
Newfoundland and Labrador 225.8 225.2 212.3 223.8 220.4 -1.5
Prince Edward Island 77.0 80.0 76.1 81.8 79.1 -3.3
Nova Scotia 453.7 460.5 441.7 466.4 465.6 -0.2
New Brunswick 359.3 360.8 351.8 363.7 359.8 -1.1
Quebec 4,237.7 4,303.7 4,080.5 4,358.1 4,248.3 -2.5
Ontario 7,216.1 7,391.2 6,989.8 7,494.6 7,368.3 -1.7
Manitoba 652.6 655.0 628.3 664.5 651.9 -1.9
Saskatchewan 563.3 570.2 540.1 574.1 549.9 -4.2
Alberta 2,268.0 2,268.2 2,123.7 2,273.4 2,227.4 -2.0
British Columbia 2,611.8 2,649.7 2,500.7 2,643.3 2,663.8 +0.8
Yukon2 22.7 23.2 21.6 22.6 22.0 -2.7
Northwest Territories2 22.9 22.5 21.9 22.3 23.1 +3.6
Nunavut2 13.0 13.1 11.9 12.8 12.2 -4.7
Men 9,802.0 9,972.0 9,500.8 10,052.6 9,950.3 -1.0
Women 8,863.3 8,992.5 8,444.1 9,091.0 8,884.2 -2.3
15 to 24 years 2,550.0 2,559.5 2,189.1 2,605.0 2,444.0 -6.2
25 to 54 years 12,133.9 12,272.9 11,786.8 12,347.7 12,198.0 -1.2
55 years and older 3,981.4 4,132.0 3,969.1 4,190.9 4,192.5 0.0
Less than high school3 1,556.1 1,517.5 1,282.2 1,449.3 1,249.7 -13.8
High school diploma4 4,673.7 4,547.6 4,188.3 4,550.5 4,253.1 -6.5
Post-secondary certificate or diploma5 6,678.0 6,787.4 6,261.7 6,620.7 6,469.5 -2.3
University degree6 5,755.0 6,113.5 6,207.0 6,229.4 6,528.7 +4.8
Goods-producing industries 3,957.3 3,971.7 3,762.3 3,980.9 3,947.1 -0.8
Agriculture 285.4 293.8 272.4 297.8 264.2 -11.3
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 344.6 323.2 308.7 312.0 324.4 +4.0
Utilities 146.7 138.8 139.5 139.4 144.4 +3.6
Construction 1,445.9 1,479.0 1,364.2 1,486.2 1,463.3 -1.5
Manufacturing 1,734.6 1,737.0 1,677.5 1,745.4 1,750.8 +0.3
Services-producing industries 14,708.1 14,992.8 14,182.7 15,162.8 14,887.3 -1.8
Wholesale and retail trade 2,782.7 2,823.7 2,671.0 2,874.9 2,846.6 -1.0
Transportation and warehousing 1,006.1 1,032.0 939.6 1,030.1 974.3 -5.4
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing 1,172.7 1,216.0 1,246.5 1,237.7 1,283.6 +3.7
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,473.0 1,543.8 1,548.4 1,539.1 1,634.6 +6.2
Business, building and other support services7 778.1 755.7 691.5 760.4 704.8 -7.3
Educational services 1,324.7 1,358.3 1,360.8 1,382.4 1,475.9 +6.8
Health care and social assistance 2,418.0 2,503.2 2,446.3 2,529.6 2,550.4 +0.8
Information, culture and recreation8 756.8 761.0 668.4 776.5 716.5 -7.7
Accommodation and food services 1,232.3 1,188.6 883.0 1,225.9 922.0 -24.8
Other services (except public administration) 801.4 806.4 726.6 810.3 755.6 -6.8
Public administration 962.4 1,004.1 1,000.5 996.1 1,022.9 +2.7
Full-time employment9 15,141.3 15,411.3 14,727.5 15,552.9 15,384.8 -1.1
Part-time employment10 3,524.0 3,553.1 3,217.4 3,590.7 3,449.6 -3.9
Employees 15,837.9 16,091.2 15,217.2 16,264.6 16,111.3 -0.9
Public sector employees 3,769.4 3,851.7 3,865.5 3,895.0 4,049.4 +4.0
Private sector employees 12,068.5 12,239.6 11,351.7 12,369.6 12,061.8 -2.5
Self-employed 2,827.4 2,873.2 2,727.7 2,879.0 2,723.2 -5.4
Employees 15,837.5 16,094.0 15,195.8 16,007.2 15,817.3 -1.2
Permanent employees11 13,731.1 14,022.5 13,464.7 14,103.3 14,052.0 -0.4
Temporary employees12 2,106.4 2,071.5 1,731.1 1,903.9 1,765.3 -7.3
Canada 18,665.3 18,964.4 17,945.0 19,143.6 18,834.4 -1.6

Annex 1.4 –Unemployment by province or territory, gender, age, educational attainment, industry, reasons for unemployment and unemployment duration (levels in thousands)

Characteristics1 FY1819 FY1920 FY2021 February 2020 March 2021 Change (%) February 2020 to March 2021
Newfoundland and Labrador 35.1 31.6 36.0 31.9 32.0 +0.3
Prince Edward Island 7.9 7.3 9.1 7.3 7.0 -4.1
Nova Scotia 36.0 38.6 47.8 41.9 44.1 +5.3
New Brunswick 31.5 31.8 40.3 29.7 37.2 +25.3
Quebec 243.5 240.5 412.8 208.1 295.6 +42.0
Ontario 443.1 444.2 800.2 434.5 601.3 +38.4
Manitoba 40.5 37.6 57.6 36.6 48.0 +31.1
Saskatchewan 36.6 35.2 50.4 39.1 42.6 +9.0
Alberta 165.6 177.8 289.2 184.5 219.7 +19.1
British Columbia 130.4 137.9 258.4 144.1 194.7 +35.1
Yukon2 0.8 0.9 1.4 0.9 1.5 +66.7
Northwest Territories2 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.1 1.6 -23.8
Nunavut2 2.2 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.0 -50.0
Men 647.2 650.9 1,075.1 635.6 823.5 +29.6
Women 522.9 531.7 926.6 522.1 698.7 +33.8
15 to 24 years 311.2 331.1 579.0 307.8 399.8 +29.9
25 to 54 years 634.9 630.9 1,054.9 614.5 843.1 +37.2
55 years and older 224.0 220.5 367.8 235.4 279.3 +18.6
Less than high school3 202.8 197.1 269.5 180.9 249.5 +37.9
High school diploma4 350.9 367.5 665.2 382.9 509.8 +33.1
Post-secondary certificate or diploma5 346.8 344.4 608.6 355.2 512.6 +44.3
University degree6 266.7 272.1 460.8 267.1 359.8 +34.7
Goods-producing industries7 209.2 215.4 340.5 211.1 224.8 +6.5
Agriculture 13.5 12.8 14.5 14.2 12.5 -12.0
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 27.5 25.7 38.9 26.5 31.1 +17.4
Utilities 2.7 2.7 2.6 4.0 2.1 -47.5
Construction 102.0 101.9 153.0 88.4 86.5 -2.1
Manufacturing 63.9 72.4 131.6 78.0 92.5 +18.6
Services-producing industries7 497.8 543.9 1,145.8 503.9 726.4 +44.2
Wholesale and retail trade 110.9 112.5 234.7 104.4 141.7 +35.7
Transportation and warehousing 35.7 34.1 82.6 31.8 50.9 +60.1
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing 20.8 20.3 44.0 21.1 27.6 +30.8
Professional, scientific and technical services 41.4 42.7 82.1 40.3 49.2 +22.1
Business, building and other support services8 48.8 48.8 82.8 51.1 71.5 +39.9
Educational services 46.3 61.6 105.8 54.5 53.2 -2.4
Health care and social assistance 39.7 43.6 89.3 37.6 65.9 +75.3
Information, culture and recreation9 40.3 47.3 112.0 40.1 73.3 +82.8
Accommodation and food services 69.0 82.8 215.5 73.0 131.1 +79.6
Other services (except public administration) 23.9 27.1 68.2 26.0 39.7 +52.7
Public administration 21.1 23.1 28.8 24.0 22.4 -6.7
Unclassified industries10 463.1 423.3 515.4 442.7 571.0 +29.0
People who have left their job 237.6 236.5 239.3 211.6 196.0 -7.4
People who have lost their job 467.2 521.9 1,244.3 539.7 863.8 +60.1
People who have not worked in the last year or who have never worked 462.4 422.7 520.5 434.8 571.8 +31.5
Duration of unemployment11: 1 to 4 weeks 439.8 483.8 572.5 469.1 406.0 -13.5
Duration of unemployment11: 5 to 13 weeks 302.0 303.2 623.6 291.9 337.1 +15.5
Duration of unemployment11: 14 to 26 weeks 174.2 169.2 407.7 166.2 260.3 +56.6
Duration of unemployment11: 27 weeks or more 197.8 168.5 339.7 180.1 470.6 +161.3
Duration of unemployment11: 52 weeks or more 110.6 89.6 120.5 102.8 251.9 +145.0
Duration of unemployment11: unknown12 56.3 57.9 58.2 50.4 48.3 -4.2
Canada 1,170.1 1,182.6 2,001.7 1,157.6 1,522.2 +31.5

Annex 1.5 – Unemployment rate by province or territory, gender, age, educational attainment and industry (%)

Characteristics1 FY1819 FY1920 FY2021 February 2020 March 2021 Change (% points) February 2020 to March 2021
Newfoundland and Labrador 13.5 12.3 14.5 12.5 12.7 +0.2
Prince Edward Island 9.3 8.4 10.7 8.2 8.1 -0.1
Nova Scotia 7.4 7.7 9.8 8.2 8.7 +0.4
New Brunswick 8.1 8.1 10.3 7.5 9.4 +1.8
Quebec 5.4 5.3 9.2 4.6 6.5 +1.9
Ontario 5.8 5.7 10.3 5.5 7.5 +2.1
Manitoba 5.8 5.4 8.4 5.2 6.9 +1.6
Saskatchewan 6.1 5.8 8.5 6.4 7.2 +0.8
Alberta 6.8 7.3 12.0 7.5 9.0 +1.5
British Columbia 4.8 4.9 9.4 5.2 6.8 +1.6
Yukon2 3.4 3.6 6.2 3.8 6.4 +2.6
Northwest Territories2 6.7 8.2 7.7 8.6 6.5 -2.1
Nunavut2 14.7 13.7 12.3 13.5 7.6 -5.9
Men 6.2 6.1 10.2 5.9 7.6 +1.7
Women 5.6 5.6 9.9 5.4 7.3 +1.9
15 to 24 years 10.9 11.5 20.9 10.6 14.1 +3.5
25 to 54 years 5.0 4.9 8.2 4.7 6.5 +1.7
55 years and older 5.3 5.1 8.5 5.3 6.2 +0.9
Less than high school3 11.5 11.5 17.4 11.1 16.6 +5.5
High school diploma4 7.0 7.5 13.7 7.8 10.7 +2.9
Post-secondary certificate or diploma5 4.9 4.8 8.9 5.1 7.3 +2.2
University degree6 4.4 4.3 6.9 4.1 5.2 +1.1
Goods-producing industries 5.0 5.1 8.3 5.0 5.4 +0.4
Agriculture 4.5 4.2 5.0 4.6 4.5 +0.0
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 7.4 7.4 11.2 7.8 8.7 +0.9
Utilities 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.8 1.4 -1.4
Construction 6.6 6.4 10.1 5.6 5.6 +0.0
Manufacturing 3.6 4.0 7.3 4.3 5.0 +0.7
Services-producing industries 3.3 3.5 7.5 3.2 4.7 +1.4
Wholesale and retail trade 3.8 3.8 8.1 3.5 4.7 +1.2
Transportation and warehousing 3.4 3.2 8.1 3.0 5.0 +2.0
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing 1.7 1.6 3.4 1.7 2.1 +0.4
Professional, scientific and technical services 2.7 2.7 5.0 2.6 2.9 +0.4
Business, building and other support services7 5.9 6.1 10.7 6.3 9.2 +2.9
Educational services 3.4 4.3 7.2 3.8 3.5 -0.3
Health care and social assistance 1.6 1.7 3.5 1.5 2.5 +1.1
Information, culture and recreation8 5.1 5.8 14.4 4.9 9.3 +4.4
Accommodation and food services 5.3 6.5 19.6 5.6 12.4 +6.8
Other services (except public administration) 2.9 3.3 8.6 3.1 5.0 +1.9
Public administration 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.1 -0.2
Canada 5.9 5.9 10.0 5.7 7.5 +1.8

Annex 1.6 – Average duration of unemployment1,2 by province, gender and age (number of weeks)

Characteristics3 FY1819 FY1920 FY2021 February 2020 March 2021 Change (weeks) February 2020 to March 2021
Newfoundland and Labrador 20.3 17.4 19.3 18.1 20.4 +2.3
Prince Edward Island 14.4 15.8 14.4 15.0 16.1 +1.1
Nova Scotia 18.1 15.9 20.0 15.2 22.5 +7.3
New Brunswick 16.2 14.8 15.9 18.8 21.8 +3.0
Quebec 18.6 16.9 15.0 16.2 18.6 +2.4
Ontario 17.2 15.7 17.3 16.0 23.3 +7.3
Manitoba 16.6 15.8 15.5 18.1 18.2 +0.1
Saskatchewan 21.3 18.5 18.1 18.2 23.2 +5.0
Alberta 21.6 19.3 20.5 18.7 28.4 +9.7
British Columbia 15.7 12.5 17.4 14.0 23.2 +9.2
Men 19.0 17.0 18.4 17.5 24.4 +6.9
Women 17.0 15.3 16.1 15.6 20.4 +4.8
15 to 24 years old 9.4 9.8 12.7 11.7 14.5 +2.8
25 to 54 years old 18.9 16.8 18.3 17.2 24.5 +7.3
55 years old and over 28.1 24.5 22.1 21.7 29.6 +7.9
Canada 18.1 16.2 17.4 16.7 22.5 +5.8

Annex 1.7 – Job vacancies by province or territory, industry, job type, job permanency and vacancy duration

Characteristics Last two quarters of FY1819 Last two quarters of FY1920 Last two quarters of FY2021 Change (%) Last two quarters of FY1920 to FY2021
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,740 4,515 4,395 -2.7
Prince Edward Island 1,873 1,770 1,760 -0.6
Nova Scotia 10,270 11,008 12,903 +17.2
New Brunswick 8,483 9,145 11,038 +20.7
Quebec 116,040 127,570 147,663 +15.8
Ontario 205,300 189,195 203,300 +7.5
Manitoba 14,595 16,145 17,853 +10.6
Saskatchewan 8,878 11,028 11,310 +2.6
Alberta 52,393 46,908 47,545 +1.4
British Columbia 103,230 91,633 97,100 +6.0
Yukon 748 880 805 -8.5
Northwest Territories 750 480 730 +52.1
Nunavut 428 395 445 +12.7
Goods-producing industries 104,208 93,963 110,333 +17.4
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 14,063 12,070 11,743 -2.7
Mining and oil and gas extraction 4,760 4,030 4,520 +12.2
Utilities 1,793 1,903 1,583 -16.8
Construction 35,338 33,840 42,898 +26.8
Manufacturing 48,255 42,120 49,590 +17.7
Services-producing industries 422,530 416,713 446,518 +7.2
Wholesale trade 22,728 21,930 22,045 +0.5
Retail trade 61,400 59,170 70,993 +20.0
Transportation and warehousing 31,105 25,770 29,148 +13.1
Finance and insurance 24,313 21,970 23,038 +4.9
Real estate and rental and leasing 7,635 7,645 6,393 -16.4
Professional, scientific and technical services 38,725 39,193 42,828 +9.3
Business, building and other support services1 43,853 39,075 41,893 +7.2
Educational services 15,360 14,908 15,953 +7.0
Health care and social assistance 60,230 67,493 99,530 +47.5
Information, culture and recreation2 26,800 24,480 17,163 -29.9
Accommodation and food services 60,125 61,013 47,760 -21.7
Other services (except public administration) 20,878 23,498 20,538 -12.6
Public administration 9,380 10,570 9,240 -12.6
Full-time positions3 380,410 370,390 401,165 +8.3
Part-time positions4 146,325 140,285 155,683 +11.0
Permanent positions5 418,358 409,403 433,245 +5.8
Temporary positions6 108,375 101,273 123,603 +22.0
Seasonal positions7 75,765 65,953 69,545 +5.4
Duration: constantly recruiting n/a 254,055 273,455 +7.6
Duration: less than 15 days 108,813 124,473 145,693 +17.0
Duration: 15 to 29 days 96,975 94,700 109,473 +15.6
Duration: 30 to 59 days 91,513 84,263 101,550 +20.5
Duration: 60 to 89 days 37,638 39,570 50,828 +28.4
Duration: 90 days or more 69,003 105,395 149,305 +41.7
Canada 526,735 510,675 556,848 +9.04

Annex 1.8 – Job vacancy rates by province or territory and industry (%)

Characteristics Last two quarters of FY1819 Last two quarters of FY1920 Last two quarters of FY2021 Change (% Points) Last two quarters of FY1920 to FY2021
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.9 2.3 2.3 +0.1
Prince Edward Island 2.9 2.7 2.8 +0.1
Nova Scotia 2.6 2.7 3.3 +0.6
New Brunswick 2.8 2.9 3.6 +0.7
Quebec 3.2 3.4 4.1 +0.7
Ontario 3.2 2.9 3.3 +0.5
Manitoba 2.4 2.7 3.1 +0.5
Saskatchewan 1.9 2.3 2.5 +0.2
Alberta 2.6 2.3 2.6 +0.3
British Columbia 4.4 3.9 4.4 +0.5
Yukon 4.2 4.8 4.5 -0.3
Northwest Territories 3.4 2.2 3.6 +1.4
Nunavut 3.4 2.7 3.1 +0.4
Goods-producing industries 3.2 2.9 3.5 +0.6
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 6.1 5.1 5.0 -0.2
Mining and oil and gas extraction 2.3 2.0 2.4 +0.4
Utilities 1.4 1.5 1.3 -0.2
Construction 3.3 3.1 4.1 +0.9
Manufacturing 3.0 2.6 3.2 +0.6
Services-producing industries 3.2 3.1 3.5 +0.5
Wholesale trade 2.7 2.6 2.8 +0.2
Retail trade 3.0 2.9 3.6 +0.7
Transportation and warehousing 3.9 3.1 3.7 +0.5
Finance and insurance 3.2 2.8 3.0 +0.2
Real estate and rental and leasing 2.5 2.5 2.5 -0.1
Professional, scientific and technical services 3.9 3.8 4.2 +0.4
Business, building and other support services1 4.5 4.0 4.5 +0.5
Educational services 1.1 1.0 1.2 +0.1
Health care and social assistance 2.9 3.2 4.6 +1.4
Information, culture and recreation2 4.1 3.7 3.1 -0.6
Accommodation and food services 4.4 4.4 4.8 +0.5
Other services (except public administration) 3.6 4.1 4.1 +0.0
Public administration 1.8 2.0 1.9 -0.1
Canada 3.2 3.0 3.5 +0.5
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