Major wage settlements by sector and year

Publication date: December 31, 2023

Table of Contents

Industry

All industries
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 243 687,428 45.8 1.5 1.7 67 151,863 39.5 3.4 2.2 176 535,565 47.6 0.9 1.5
2015 242 757,278 42.9 1.1 1.2 93 187,780 51.8 2.4 1.9 149 569,498 39.9 0.6 1.0
2016 284 1,065,978 46.9 0.9 1.4 124 244,933 45.0 1.5 1.5 160 821,045 47.4 0.8 1.3
2017 215 840,405 39.6 1.7 1.7 72 183,307 45.5 2.6 1.9 143 657,098 38.0 1.4 1.7
2018 209 722,840 42.6 1.3 1.3 76 212,418 46.8 1.9 1.7 133 510,422 40.9 1.0 1.2
2019 234 569,055 42.5 1.7 1.7 82 161,413 42.9 2.1 2.2 152 407,642 42.4 1.5 1.6
2020 145 701,661 41.0 1.7 1.6 43 98,667 49.2 2.0 1.8 102 602,994 39.7 1.6 1.6
2021 138 923,818 41.2 1.9 1.9 45 194,979 48.6 2.0 2.0 93 728,839 39.2 1.9 1.9
2022 78 411,403 41.6 2.5 2.4 26 83,098 47.9 3.4 3.1 52 328,305 40.0 2.3 2.3
2023 76 297,639 36.4 4.9 3.8 26 63,110 38.7 6.3 4.4 50 234,529 35.8 4.5 3.6

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Primary industries
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 3 1,830 39.1 4.5 3.3 3 1,830 39.1 4.5 3.3
2015 2 1,170 47.1 -1.7 0.3 2 1,170 47.1 -1.7 0.3
2016 8 14,090 32.1 0.2 0.7 8 14,090 32.1 0.2 0.7
2017 9 13,271 36.2 0.7 0.9 9 13,271 36.2 0.7 0.9
2018 1 720 32.0 -0.2 -0.1 1 720 32.0 -0.2 -0.1
2019 3 4,630 54.8 2.1 2.4 3 4,630 54.8 2.1 2.4
2020 1 1,500 36.0 0.7 0.2 1 1,500 36.0 0.7 0.2
2021 2 2,403 46.2 5.4 3.6 2 2,403 46.2 5.4 3.6
2022
2023 1 750 48.0 3.5 2.9 1 750 48.0 3.5 2.9

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Utilities
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 10 10,630 44.3 2.3 2.4 5 6,010 42.3 2.6 2.6 5 4,620 46.8 1.8 2.2
2015 15 29,785 40.0 1.2 1.5 3 3,030 39.8 2.3 2.5 12 26,755 40.0 1.1 1.4
2016 6 4,800 44.1 0.9 1.4 2 1,490 28.0 0.5 1.1 4 3,310 51.4 1.1 1.5
2017 3 2,920 29.4 1.6 1.7 2 2,230 27.4 1.7 1.8 1 690 36.0 1.2 1.7
2018 11 28,899 45.1 1.3 2.0 3 4,220 48.3 2.0 2.1 8 24,679 44.5 1.2 2.0
2019 11 18,770 36.0 1.8 2.1 4 4,580 38.2 2.0 1.8 7 14,190 35.3 1.8 2.2
2020 5 12,476 44.4 1.5 1.9 5 12,476 44.4 1.5 1.9
2021 6 12,956 22.7 1.0 1.1 2 1,780 36.0 0.7 1.6 4 11,176 20.6 1.1 1.1
2022 1 635 35.9 0.0 0.9 1 635 35.9 0.0 0.9
2023 5 13,608 28.8 4.3 4.1 1 1,264 36.0 3.0 2.7 4 12,344 28.1 4.4 4.2

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Construction
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 10 84,820 34.8 4.4 2.4 10 84,820 34.8 4.4 2.4
2015 20 33,500 40.2 3.8 1.9 20 33,500 40.2 3.8 1.9
2016 52 112,080 36.7 1.9 1.9 52 112,080 36.7 1.9 1.9
2017 16 97,270 44.5 3.4 2.0 16 97,270 44.5 3.4 2.0
2018 17 94,030 46.9 2.1 1.5 17 94,030 46.9 2.1 1.5
2019 40 97,855 36.7 2.0 2.1 40 97,855 36.7 2.0 2.1
2020 8 18,352 46.6 0.8 1.0 8 18,352 46.6 0.8 1.0
2021 7 147,010 47.9 2.0 2.0 7 147,010 47.9 2.0 2.0
2022 2 21,100 36.0 4.2 4.2 2 21,100 36.0 4.2 4.2
2023 2 6,972 24.0 7.2 7.1 2 6,972 24.0 7.2 7.1

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Manufacturing
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 16 17,153 49.8 2.0 2.1 16 17,153 49.8 2.0 2.1
2015 17 21,250 50.3 1.6 1.8 17 21,250 50.3 1.6 1.8
2016 26 41,065 49.0 1.9 1.4 25 40,545 49.0 1.9 1.4 1 520 48.0 1.7 1.6
2017 11 11,590 48.3 1.6 1.7 11 11,590 48.3 1.6 1.7
2018 12 12,988 51.5 2.2 1.9 12 12,988 51.5 2.2 1.9
2019 12 14,846 57.3 3.0 2.4 11 14,066 57.9 3.0 2.5 1 780 48.0 2.0 1.7
2020 11 37,070 39.5 2.4 1.9 11 37,070 39.5 2.4 1.9
2021 10 10,699 52.5 4.6 2.4 10 10,699 52.5 4.6 2.4
2022 6 8,417 44.3 5.5 3.4 6 8,417 44.3 5.5 3.4
2023 7 15,666 37.2 8.5 4.9 7 15,666 37.2 8.5 4.9

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Wholesale and retail trade
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 11 16,430 49.8 2.8 1.8 9 14,970 50.0 3.0 1.8 2 1,460 48.0 0.8 1.9
2015 14 53,110 63.5 2.7 1.6 14 53,110 63.5 2.7 1.6
2016 9 24,215 60.0 1.4 1.3 8 23,420 60.0 1.4 1.3 1 795 60.0 0.5 1.5
2017 7 14,550 47.5 1.7 1.9 6 7,560 47.0 1.9 2.0 1 6,990 48.0 1.5 1.9
2018 7 17,970 50.9 0.7 1.4 6 17,320 51.5 0.7 1.4 1 650 36.0 0.0 0.0
2019 9 16,180 56.2 0.9 1.7 7 14,450 55.9 1.0 1.8 2 1,730 58.5 0.0 0.7
2020 7 11,581 80.0 0.8 0.9 6 11,081 80.3 0.8 0.9 1 500 72.0 1.0 1.2
2021 6 8,580 64.7 1.5 1.4 5 7,780 64.0 1.0 1.2 1 800 72.0 5.7 3.2
2022 2 9,790 43.2 8.5 3.3 1 2,800 61.0 0.0 0.3 1 6,990 36.0 11.9 4.5
2023 2 2,600 47.0 4.7 4.2 1 1,200 59.8 7.9 4.3 1 1,400 36.0 2.0 4.0

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Transportation
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 16 30,560 40.2 1.7 1.8 6 5,100 38.8 2.1 2.4 10 25,460 40.5 1.6 1.7
2015 20 46,290 61.0 2.2 2.4 14 37,540 62.2 2.3 2.5 6 8,750 56.0 1.6 2.1
2016 18 85,950 42.0 1.0 1.4 9 15,850 91.4 1.0 1.6 9 70,100 30.8 1.0 1.3
2017 18 27,722 46.7 1.6 2.0 12 21,020 48.9 1.6 2.1 6 6,702 39.8 1.5 1.8
2018 14 26,340 42.6 2.1 2.3 7 8,720 45.6 2.9 2.6 7 17,620 41.1 1.8 2.1
2019 17 34,879 51.2 2.0 2.4 10 19,990 53.8 2.2 2.6 7 14,889 47.7 1.8 2.1
2020 18 85,151 50.7 2.1 2.3 10 25,213 56.1 2.7 2.6 8 59,938 48.4 1.8 2.1
2021 12 55,784 28.6 1.9 1.9 7 8,579 45.5 1.6 1.7 5 47,205 25.6 2.0 2.0
2022 14 39,100 42.6 3.4 2.9 7 19,550 52.9 3.9 3.2 7 19,550 32.3 2.8 2.6
2023 15 33,574 35.9 5.7 3.9 10 27,423 34.1 6.5 4.2 5 6,151 43.8 2.2 2.3

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Information and culture
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 9 13,950 44.9 1.9 1.4 5 6,420 40.0 1.9 1.9 4 7,530 49.2 1.9 1.0
2015 4 12,170 42.9 2.1 2.0 3 11,540 42.0 2.0 1.9 1 630 60.0 4.3 2.6
2016 5 14,578 56.0 0.7 1.2 3 8,528 67.0 0.2 1.1 2 6,050 40.5 1.6 1.4
2017 6 8,936 47.3 1.6 1.8 4 7,536 47.2 1.5 1.8 2 1,400 48.0 1.7 1.8
2018 7 24,240 43.6 2.3 2.5 7 24,240 43.6 2.3 2.5
2019 5 9,762 53.7 1.0 0.8 2 1,412 29.3 1.8 1.8 3 8,350 57.9 0.8 0.7
2020 1 1,200 36.1 1.5 1.5 1 1,200 36.1 1.5 1.5
2021 5 8,228 57.5 1.7 1.9 4 7,410 59.8 1.7 1.9 1 818 36.0 2.0 2.0
2022 7 13,440 48.9 2.6 2.5 4 9,290 49.3 3.1 2.8 3 4,150 47.9 1.5 1.7
2023 2 7,601 63.2 1.1 2.3 2 7,601 63.2 1.1 2.3

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Finance and professional services
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 5 5,010 35.1 1.5 1.5 3 1,920 24.0 1.2 1.1 2 3,090 42.0 1.6 1.7
2015 9 17,450 46.1 0.8 1.6 7 12,310 42.5 1.0 1.8 2 5,140 54.7 0.2 1.2
2016 8 5,980 41.7 1.9 1.7 3 1,820 33.8 1.6 1.4 5 4,160 45.2 2.0 1.8
2017 10 12,260 65.3 2.2 2.3 7 9,910 70.7 2.5 2.5 3 2,350 42.8 1.3 1.4
2018 17 44,240 45.5 1.1 1.3 15 42,040 45.6 1.1 1.3 2 2,200 44.4 1.5 1.7
2019 5 5,140 47.0 2.2 1.9 1 1,200 48.0 0.0 1.2 4 3,940 46.7 2.9 2.0
2020 5 8,263 39.8 1.7 2.2 3 2,053 33.1 2.2 2.3 2 6,210 42.0 1.5 2.2
2021 4 4,482 39.8 0.4 1.5 4 4,482 39.8 0.4 1.5
2022 8 23,055 52.2 1.8 2.1 5 20,335 55.5 1.8 2.2 3 2,720 26.9 1.7 1.6
2023 2 2,234 55.8 5.7 3.4 2 2,234 55.8 5.7 3.4

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Education, health, and social services
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 111 398,645 47.1 0.8 1.4 2 1,100 49.1 2.0 1.8 109 397,545 47.1 0.8 1.4
2015 102 444,953 38.8 0.4 0.8 8 9,520 15.7 1.3 1.4 94 435,433 39.3 0.4 0.8
2016 96 585,780 47.5 0.6 1.3 9 23,100 33.1 0.6 0.7 87 562,680 48.1 0.6 1.3
2017 74 379,480 29.7 1.5 1.7 1 7,370 24.0 1.5 2.0 73 372,110 29.8 1.5 1.7
2018 73 327,200 38.9 0.8 1.0 4 3,930 50.3 1.2 1.3 69 323,270 38.8 0.8 1.0
2019 81 230,914 38.0 1.2 1.4 2 1,430 29.0 0.0 0.0 79 229,484 38.1 1.2 1.4
2020 59 342,764 37.4 1.1 1.2 1 780 36.0 2.0 2.0 58 341,984 37.4 1.1 1.2
2021 52 542,554 37.6 1.9 1.9 52 542,554 37.6 1.9 1.9
2022 25 188,689 41.9 1.8 2.1 25 188,689 41.9 1.8 2.1
2023 23 159,542 32.2 4.9 3.8 23 159,542 32.2 4.9 3.8

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Entertainment and hospitality
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 10 14,410 47.7 0.9 1.9 8 12,540 45.2 0.8 1.9 2 1,870 64.2 2.0 2.0
2015 7 6,430 52.9 2.2 2.2 5 4,810 56.1 2.4 2.5 2 1,620 43.2 1.9 1.4
2016 5 4,010 45.9 1.7 1.7 5 4,010 45.9 1.7 1.7
2017 5 6,350 46.7 2.0 1.9 4 5,550 51.7 2.2 2.2 1 800 12.0 0.0 0.0
2018 8 7,140 45.3 2.8 2.6 4 4,210 42.4 3.4 3.3 4 2,930 49.5 1.9 1.5
2019 2 1,800 36.0 7.1 5.0 2 1,800 36.0 7.1 5.0
2020 2 1,418 29.3 1.0 1.1 2 1,418 29.3 1.0 1.1
2021 4 4,836 36.7 0.1 0.8 4 4,836 36.7 0.1 0.8
2022 1 1,606 36.0 3.0 3.4 1 1,606 36.0 3.0 3.4
2023

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Public administration
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 42 93,990 51.1 1.3 1.7 42 93,990 51.1 1.3 1.7
2015 32 91,170 40.2 1.3 1.4 32 91,170 40.2 1.3 1.4
2016 51 173,430 52.3 1.3 1.5 51 173,430 52.3 1.3 1.5
2017 56 266,056 49.1 1.4 1.6 56 266,056 49.1 1.4 1.6
2018 42 139,073 44.8 1.3 1.4 42 139,073 44.8 1.3 1.4
2019 49 134,279 48.5 2.0 1.7 49 134,279 48.5 2.0 1.7
2020 28 181,886 40.5 2.5 2.0 28 181,886 40.5 2.5 2.0
2021 30 126,286 52.6 1.8 2.1 30 126,286 52.6 1.8 2.1
2022 12 105,571 38.5 2.4 2.3 12 105,571 38.5 2.4 2.3
2023 17 55,092 47.1 3.5 3.0 17 55,092 47.1 3.5 3.0

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Jurisdiction

All jurisdictions
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 243 687,428 45.8 1.5 1.7 67 151,863 39.5 3.4 2.2 176 535,565 47.6 0.9 1.5
2015 242 757,278 42.9 1.1 1.2 93 187,780 51.8 2.4 1.9 149 569,498 39.9 0.6 1.0
2016 284 1,065,978 46.9 0.9 1.4 124 244,933 45.0 1.5 1.5 160 821,045 47.4 0.8 1.3
2017 215 840,405 39.6 1.7 1.7 72 183,307 45.5 2.6 1.9 143 657,098 38.0 1.4 1.7
2018 209 722,840 42.6 1.3 1.3 76 212,418 46.8 1.9 1.7 133 510,422 40.9 1.0 1.2
2019 234 569,055 42.5 1.7 1.7 82 161,413 42.9 2.1 2.2 152 407,642 42.4 1.5 1.6
2020 145 701,661 41.0 1.7 1.6 43 98,667 49.2 2.0 1.8 102 602,994 39.7 1.6 1.6
2021 138 923,818 41.2 1.9 1.9 45 194,979 48.6 2.0 2.0 93 728,839 39.2 1.9 1.9
2022 78 411,403 41.6 2.5 2.4 26 83,098 47.9 3.4 3.1 52 328,305 40.0 2.3 2.3
2023 76 297,639 36.4 4.9 3.8 26 63,110 38.7 6.3 4.4 50 234,529 35.8 4.5 3.6

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Federal jurisdiction
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 19 28,690 41.4 1.6 1.6 11 11,520 38.1 2.0 2.1 8 17,170 43.6 1.4 1.2
2015 22 46,230 58.6 2.2 2.4 18 43,630 60.1 2.3 2.5 4 2,600 32.5 1.7 1.7
2016 24 119,418 44.8 1.1 1.4 14 26,418 79.6 0.8 1.5 10 93,000 34.9 1.2 1.3
2017 44 199,868 47.9 1.3 1.5 21 31,776 49.0 1.7 2.0 23 168,092 47.7 1.3 1.4
2018 27 74,240 47.4 1.8 2.0 14 27,510 46.6 2.6 2.4 13 46,730 47.8 1.3 1.7
2019 37 99,712 49.8 2.4 2.0 13 22,602 51.9 2.0 2.5 24 77,110 49.1 2.5 1.8
2020 25 238,843 43.4 2.5 2.2 13 27,963 54.1 2.7 2.5 12 210,880 41.9 2.5 2.2
2021 24 117,941 43.5 1.8 2.1 14 19,594 49.6 1.3 1.7 10 98,347 42.3 1.9 2.2
2022 20 40,635 49.8 3.5 3.0 13 29,910 52.0 3.5 3.1 7 10,725 43.7 3.4 2.8
2023 21 79,258 44.4 4.4 3.4 13 35,704 40.1 5.4 3.8 8 43,554 47.9 3.6 3.1

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Newfoundland and Labrador
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 4 15,170 48.0 0.0 1.2 4 15,170 48.0 0.0 1.2
2015 1 550 36.0 2.4 2.3 1 550 36.0 2.4 2.3
2016 1 1,400 36.0 1.7 1.9 1 1,400 36.0 1.7 1.9
2017
2018 8 17,600 47.6 0.1 0.1 1 550 36.0 2.2 2.0 7 17,050 48.0 0.0 0.0
2019 3 7,250 48.0 0.0 0.0 3 7,250 48.0 0.0 0.0
2020
2021 1 3,700 24.0 2.0 2.0 1 3,700 24.0 2.0 2.0
2022
2023 2 2,080 55.7 0.7 2.2 2 2,080 55.7 0.7 2.2

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Prince Edward Island
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 3 2,770 42.3 0.7 1.6 3 2,770 42.3 0.7 1.6
2015 1 1,210 48.0 1.5 2.4 1 1,210 48.0 1.5 2.4
2016 3 3,880 41.1 1.6 2.5 1 550 72.0 2.5 2.1 2 3,330 36.0 1.5 2.6
2017
2018 1 1,400 36.0 2.0 1.5 1 1,400 36.0 2.0 1.5
2019 4 5,520 38.5 2.0 2.0 4 5,520 38.5 2.0 2.0
2020
2021 1 1,000 36.0 3.3 1.9 1 1,000 36.0 3.3 1.9
2022
2023

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Nova Scotia
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 5 7,690 32.0 2.0 2.3 2 3,700 36.0 1.7 1.8 3 3,990 28.3 2.3 2.7
2015 8 7,960 39.1 2.1 2.1 5 5,130 38.2 2.2 2.1 3 2,830 40.7 1.8 1.9
2016 1 690 36.0 2.0 1.7 1 690 36.0 2.0 1.7
2017 2 16,800 58.7 0.0 0.9 2 16,800 58.7 0.0 0.9
2018 21 41,120 62.7 0.2 1.1 8 9,310 39.9 0.8 0.8 13 31,810 69.4 0.1 1.2
2019 4 4,060 59.0 0.7 1.4 1 930 48.0 1.7 1.9 3 3,130 62.2 0.4 1.2
2020 1 9,300 48.0 2.0 1.7 1 9,300 48.0 2.0 1.7
2021 4 20,000 35.4 1.5 1.8 4 20,000 35.4 1.5 1.8
2022 3 4,924 38.0 2.0 2.6 3 4,924 38.0 2.0 2.6
2023

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

New Brunswick
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 4 4,520 45.8 0.9 1.6 2 1,150 45.4 1.7 1.9 2 3,370 46.0 0.6 1.5
2015 6 12,990 54.7 1.3 1.2 1 600 36.0 1.9 1.4 5 12,390 55.6 1.2 1.2
2016 12 13,830 51.7 1.6 1.7 5 4,600 36.0 1.9 2.0 7 9,230 59.5 1.5 1.5
2017 4 18,570 53.7 1.0 1.0 1 500 48.0 0.0 1.2 3 18,070 53.9 1.0 1.0
2018 1 550 48.0 2.5 2.5 1 550 48.0 2.5 2.5
2019 4 3,050 36.0 1.9 2.1 4 3,050 36.0 1.9 2.1
2020
2021 3 4,880 66.9 1.2 1.9 1 500 60.0 1.8 3.5 2 4,380 67.7 1.1 1.7
2022 1 6,500 60.0 1.9 2.3 1 6,500 60.0 1.9 2.3
2023

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Quebec
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 25 97,983 38.4 4.1 2.3 10 83,033 35.0 4.5 2.4 15 14,950 57.0 2.1 1.8
2015 23 31,808 56.6 2.9 2.4 10 12,420 53.7 4.2 3.1 13 19,388 58.4 2.0 1.9
2016 51 359,900 60.4 0.1 1.1 9 8,915 53.4 2.1 1.9 42 350,985 60.5 0.1 1.1
2017 19 99,331 55.0 3.5 2.1 7 77,903 51.1 4.0 2.2 12 21,428 69.4 1.6 1.8
2018 23 141,944 54.7 1.8 1.7 9 98,618 51.3 2.2 1.7 14 43,326 62.4 1.0 1.7
2019 9 14,292 62.5 2.9 2.0 4 3,231 60.4 6.2 3.5 5 11,061 63.0 2.0 1.5
2020 14 17,971 65.1 2.0 1.9 5 4,612 32.6 1.9 2.0 9 13,359 76.3 2.0 1.9
2021 52 671,766 40.2 2.0 2.0 12 153,415 48.3 2.1 2.1 40 518,351 37.9 2.0 2.0
2022 14 62,284 48.5 2.6 2.4 7 22,732 55.4 3.4 2.7 7 39,552 44.6 2.2 2.1
2023 7 7,462 58.0 6.0 3.4 2 2,069 67.3 4.8 2.5 5 5,393 54.5 6.5 3.7

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Ontario
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 61 169,315 35.3 1.2 1.4 18 20,780 45.9 1.3 1.8 43 148,535 33.8 1.2 1.3
2015 83 463,960 39.0 0.4 0.8 25 59,520 56.0 1.4 1.4 58 404,440 36.5 0.3 0.7
2016 104 360,080 36.2 1.6 1.6 65 161,270 41.6 1.8 1.6 39 198,810 31.8 1.5 1.6
2017 74 381,608 31.6 1.8 2.0 15 25,268 37.4 3.2 2.2 59 356,340 31.2 1.7 2.0
2018 59 197,128 35.4 1.4 1.6 16 38,370 39.5 0.9 1.3 43 158,758 34.4 1.6 1.7
2019 68 148,379 40.0 2.0 2.1 36 93,080 38.7 2.2 2.3 32 55,299 42.2 1.8 1.9
2020 26 250,697 36.3 1.2 1.2 8 31,670 35.9 2.5 1.9 18 219,027 36.3 1.0 1.0
2021 18 38,053 37.7 1.3 1.3 7 7,817 33.3 1.4 1.3 11 30,236 38.8 1.3 1.3
2022 19 107,294 35.8 2.6 2.1 4 25,416 36.0 3.7 3.9 15 81,878 35.7 2.3 1.6
2023 25 173,550 31.8 5.2 3.9 7 16,315 38.1 8.6 4.9 18 157,235 31.2 4.9 3.9

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Manitoba
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 14 33,150 50.7 1.8 1.9 2 3,580 51.8 3.2 2.0 12 29,570 50.5 1.7 1.9
2015 18 36,835 49.3 1.2 1.8 4 3,700 51.9 2.6 2.4 14 33,135 49.0 1.1 1.7
2016 22 32,740 50.8 1.7 1.8 3 2,700 48.0 3.2 3.1 19 30,040 51.0 1.5 1.7
2017 4 7,778 51.8 0.4 1.5 4 7,778 51.8 0.4 1.5
2018 7 9,370 53.8 2.0 1.7 6 8,400 54.4 2.2 1.8 1 970 48.0 0.0 0.4
2019 2 2,683 47.8 0.0 1.1 2 2,683 47.8 0.0 1.1
2020 5 6,100 50.2 1.2 1.4 2 3,100 60.0 2.0 2.0 3 3,000 40.2 0.4 0.8
2021 7 11,745 46.6 1.5 1.1 2 2,100 56.6 1.7 2.1 5 9,645 44.4 1.4 0.9
2022 2 2,700 29.3 1.0 1.0 2 2,700 29.3 1.0 1.0
2023 2 2,700 36.2 2.5 3.8 1 1,300 36.3 3.0 3.5 1 1,400 36.0 2.0 4.0

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Saskatchewan
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 16 31,955 53.5 1.9 1.8 2 1,250 53.8 2.3 1.8 14 30,705 53.5 1.9 1.8
2015 8 21,280 45.5 1.8 1.8 2 1,420 32.8 0.5 0.8 6 19,860 46.4 1.9 1.9
2016 4 13,030 46.5 0.3 1.0 1 940 36.0 2.7 2.7 3 12,090 47.3 0.1 0.8
2017 6 5,810 41.8 1.3 1.6 3 2,330 43.8 0.6 1.7 3 3,480 40.5 1.9 1.6
2018 6 17,440 31.0 0.1 0.6 1 1,250 96.1 0.0 1.1 5 16,190 25.9 0.1 0.6
2019 14 37,665 61.7 0.2 1.1 3 3,840 60.3 1.0 1.4 11 33,825 61.8 0.1 1.1
2020 11 27,770 55.2 0.2 1.4 11 27,770 55.2 0.2 1.4
2021 4 24,100 65.0 0.0 1.1 1 630 48.1 1.3 1.4 3 23,470 65.5 0.0 1.1
2022
2023 1 750 48.0 3.5 2.9 1 750 48.0 3.5 2.9

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Alberta
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 34 97,370 45.1 1.4 2.0 9 12,200 45.0 3.5 2.2 25 85,170 45.1 1.1 1.9
2015 41 73,210 38.1 2.6 1.6 20 33,270 42.8 3.4 1.2 21 39,940 34.2 1.9 1.9
2016 34 80,400 30.7 1.2 1.2 15 27,190 31.5 -0.1 0.4 19 53,210 30.3 1.8 1.6
2017 36 70,230 26.0 0.6 0.6 10 16,850 31.3 -0.3 0.3 26 53,380 24.4 0.9 0.7
2018 36 142,018 35.6 0.3 0.2 8 7,740 39.7 0.5 0.9 28 134,278 35.4 0.2 0.2
2019 46 75,250 32.5 0.2 0.5 12 13,280 37.2 1.5 1.5 34 61,970 31.4 -0.1 0.3
2020 24 49,672 40.2 0.0 0.1 7 17,242 68.7 0.1 0.3 17 32,430 25.1 0.0 0.1
2021 11 14,803 49.1 2.1 1.4 7 10,323 60.9 2.6 1.4 4 4,480 21.9 1.0 1.2
2022 14 84,814 47.4 0.1 1.0 1 2,800 61.0 0.0 0.3 13 82,014 46.9 0.2 1.1
2023 10 17,419 34.2 3.9 4.0 2 6,972 24.0 7.2 7.1 8 10,447 40.9 1.8 1.9

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

British Columbia
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 57 198,105 57.8 0.4 1.4 11 14,650 48.8 1.9 2.0 46 183,455 58.5 0.3 1.3
2015 29 58,205 53.1 1.4 1.7 6 25,300 44.5 3.0 2.4 23 32,905 59.7 0.2 1.2
2016 25 71,560 53.2 0.6 1.3 9 8,950 43.0 0.9 1.3 16 62,610 54.7 0.5 1.3
2017 26 40,410 42.7 1.3 1.9 15 28,680 41.7 1.2 1.9 11 11,730 45.2 1.8 1.9
2018 17 76,380 36.8 2.0 2.1 10 17,180 39.2 2.2 2.3 7 59,200 36.1 2.0 2.0
2019 39 160,544 38.1 2.0 2.0 8 19,400 51.5 1.6 1.8 31 141,144 36.2 2.0 2.0
2020 39 101,308 38.3 1.9 2.0 8 14,080 48.8 1.7 1.7 31 87,228 36.6 1.9 2.0
2021 12 10,568 28.6 2.4 2.2 1 600 36.0 3.0 2.5 11 9,968 28.1 2.3 2.2
2022 4 100,012 34.8 4.0 3.8 4 100,012 34.8 4.0 3.8
2023 8 14,420 36.1 4.7 4.2 8 14,420 36.1 4.7 4.2

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

All territories
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014 1 710 48.0 3.0 1.7 1 710 48.0 3.0 1.7
2015 1 800 36.0 1.5 1.7 1 800 36.0 1.5 1.7
2016 2 7,050 41.6 2.0 1.6 2 7,050 41.6 2.0 1.6
2017
2018 1 710 48.0 1.0 1.5 1 710 48.0 1.0 1.5
2019 3 8,650 47.1 1.0 1.6 3 8,650 47.1 1.0 1.6
2020
2021 1 5,262 24.0 1.5 1.5 1 5,262 24.0 1.5 1.5
2022
2023

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Multi-provinces
All sectors Private sector Public sector
Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average) Number of agreements Number of employees Duration of agreements in months (average) First year percentage adjustment (average) Annual percentage adjustment (average)
2014
2015 1 2,240 36.0 3.4 2.8 1 2,240 36.0 3.4 2.8
2016 1 2,000 36.0 2.2 2.2 1 2,000 36.0 2.2 2.2
2017
2018 2 2,940 38.8 1.5 1.0 2 2,940 38.8 1.5 1.0
2019 1 2,000 36.0 1.8 2.0 1 2,000 36.0 1.8 2.0
2020
2021
2022 1 2,240 36.0 1.5 1.8 1 2,240 36.0 1.5 1.8
2023

Legend: The dash (–) symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Data for 2023 cover the months of January through November. Major settlements are those involving bargaining units of 500 or more employees. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

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