Federal mediation and conciliation service

From Employment and Social Development Canada

Official title: Review of fiscal year 2016 to 2017

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Executive summary

Federal mediation and conciliation service

The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS) was established to provide dispute resolution and relationship development assistance to trade unions and employers under the jurisdiction of the Canada Labour Code (Code). The Code governs federally regulated employees in key sectors of the economy.

The FMCS offers employers and unionized employees:

  • dispute resolution support through the services of conciliation and mediation officers—third parties whose mandate is to assist both parties in reaching a mutual agreement; and
  • relationship development services that are intended to prevent disputes before they occur. This is achieved by training workshops on collective bargaining and joint conflict resolution. The FMCS also provides grievance mediation services. These are all ways of resolving disagreements and improving industrial relations during the term of the collective agreement.

The FMCS also plays an important role in another method of conflict resolution: arbitration. It coordinates the appointment of arbitrators, adjudicators and referees to resolve certain types of disputes governed by the Code, such as grievances, unjust dismissal complaints and wage recovery appeals. The FMCS also coordinates appointments under the Wage Earner Protection Program Act (WEPP Act).

In Canada, the use of neutral third parties (conciliation and mediation officers) appointed by the government to resolve labour relation disputes dates back to the Conciliation Act of 1900. The Conciliation Act created the federal Labour Department with a mandate to assist unions and employers in the prevention and resolution of labour disputes.

Over the years, the FMCS and its forerunners have provided employers and unions with professional skills essential to the resolution of their collective bargaining disputes.

Conciliation and mediation: During fiscal year 2016 to 2017, conciliation and mediation officers from the FMCS dealt with 180 collective bargaining disputes under the Code. Ninety-seven percent of the disputes that were settled during the year were resolved without a work stoppage. Just less than one hundredth of one percent (0.01%) of all available work time was lost due to work stoppages during the same period. These negotiations involved companies in most of the industrial sectors covered by Part I of the Code and resulted in major agreements in such industrial sectors as road, air, rail and marine transportation, grain handling, broadcasting and communications.

Maintenance of activities: The Code stipulates that during a strike or lockout, the employer and the employees of the bargaining unit must continue the supply of services, operation of facilities or production of goods to the extent necessary to prevent an immediate and serious danger to the safety or health of the public. The Code sets a process for the negotiation of a “maintenance of activities” agreement and provides a role for the Minister of Labour and the Canada Industrial Relations Board (CIRB) if the parties are unable to reach agreement. In 2016 to 2017, the issue of a “maintenance of activities” agreement was not referred by the Minister to the CIRB under subsection 87.4(5).

Legislation: No special legislation was enacted to end a work stoppage.

Relationship Development Program: During fiscal year 2016 to 2017, the Relationship Development Program (RDP) continued to expand its reach and scope. A total of 252Footnote 1 relationship development interventions were provided during the fiscal year. This is a significant increase from the previous year of 143 interventions. Facilitation services represented the highest number of interventions, while workshop delivery and grievance mediation were also significant contributors. FMCS continued its collaboration with provincial authorities in reaching out to a broader range of stakeholders through the delivery of five public workshops on Labour Relations and the negotiation cycle, garnering over 245 participants from across Canada.

Appointments of neutral third parties – Part I, Part III and the WEPP Act: Arbitrators were appointed in 84 grievance arbitrations in 2016 to 2017 under Part I of the Code. Under Part III of the Code, the FMCS also handled the ministerial appointment of 90 wage recovery referees and 389 unjust dismissal adjudicators and 5 appointments under the Wage Earner Protection Program Act during 2016 to 2017.

Upcoming collective bargaining: Upcoming negotiations during fiscal year 2017 to 2018 will involve, among others, Bell Canada, British Columbia Maritime Employers Association, Canada Post Corporation, Canadian National Railway Company, Canadian Pacific Railway Company, Garda Security Screening Inc., Halifax Employers Association Incorporated and Nav Canada.

1. Caseload information and activities

1.1 Collective bargaining disputes

In 2016 to 2017, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS) handled 180 collective bargaining disputes. Fifty disputes were carried over as ongoing disputes from previous fiscal years, and conciliation appointments were made in 130 disputes during the fiscal year.

Chart 1 - Total caseload from 2007 to 2008 to 2016 to 2017
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Fiscal year Total caseload
2007 to 2008 263
2008 to 2009 244
2009 to 2010 245
2010 to 2011 302
2011 to 2012 293
2012 to 2013 317
2013 to 2014 212
2014 to 2015 227
2015 to 2016 230
2016 to 2017 180

1.2 Post-conciliation appointments

Sixty post-conciliation mediation appointments were made in 2016 to 2017.

1.3 Settled disputes

In 2016 to 2017, of the 180 cases that were handled by the FMCS, 119 disputes were settled. Of these, 43 cases were carried over from previous fiscal years and 76 were new disputes. Ninety-seven percent of all settled disputes were settled without a work stoppage. FMCS has recorded settlement rates of 93 to 97% in the past 10 years.

Total caseload and settlement rates for the last 10 years can be found in Appendix A.

Chart 2 - Percentage of settled disputes without work stoppage from 2007 to 2008 to 2016 to 2017
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Fiscal year Percentage of settled disputes without work stoppage
2007 to 2008 93
2008 to 2009 94
2009 to 2010 94
2010 to 2011 94
2011 to 2012 93
2012 to 2013 94
2013 to 2014 97
2014 to 2015 95
2015 to 2016 94
2016 to 2017 97

1.4 Settlement stage

The majority of settlements continue to be reached at the post conciliation stage of negotiations. During 2016 to 2017, of disputes that were settled during conciliation versus post-conciliation stages, 54% were settled at the post conciliation stage and 46% were settled during conciliation. This trend began after the 1999 revisions to Part I of the Code, which limited the conciliation period to 60 days unless the parties mutually agree to extend it.

See Appendix B for a comparison of settlement stages since 2007 to 2008.

Chart 3 - Settlement stage (conciliation versus post-conciliation) from 2007 to 2008 to 2016 to 2017
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Fiscal year Percentage finalized at conciliation Percentage finalized at post-conciliation
2007 to 2008 32 68
2008 to 2009 31 69
2009 to 2010 40 60
2010 to 2011 36 64
2011 to 2012 33 67
2012 to 2013 36 64
2013 to 2014 36 64
2014 to 2015 29 71
2015 to 2016 36 64
2016 to 2017 46 54

1.5 Dispute by industry

The largest number of disputes occurred in the road transportation sector (42) followed by the air transportation sector (37). When combined, disputes in the four transportation sectors (air, road, rail and marine) accounted for 59.4% of the total number of disputes handled during the fiscal year.

A breakdown of caseload and work stoppage by industrial sector can be found in Appendix C.

Chart 4 - Distribution of 2016 to 2017 caseload by industrial sector (%)
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Industrial Sector Percentage of total caseload
Aboriginal 4.4
Air transport 20.6
Broadcasting 7.8
Communications 6.1
Entertainment/Tourism 2.8
Grain handling 10.0
International/Interprovincial Bridges/Tunnels 0.6
Marine transport 11.1
Mining 1.7
Miscellaneous* 3.3
Municipal public administration 0.6
Port operations 3.3
Rail transport 4.4
Road transport 23.3
Total all sectors 100.0
Total transportation 59.4

*Miscellaneous includes: Fishing, education, public utilities, and other service industries (Yukon and Northwest Territories).

2. Work stoppage activities

2.1 Ongoing and initiated work stoppages

Five work stoppages occurred during 2016 to 2017. None were ongoing at the start of the fiscal year and five work stoppages were initiated during the fiscal year. There is one work stoppage ongoing as of April 1, 2017.

There was no ongoing legal work stoppages carried over into 2016 to 2017

Legal work stoppages initiated in 2016 to 2017
Parties Bargaining unit Legal work stoppage
Began Ended Number days
Old Port of Montreal Corporation and the Public Service Alliance of Canada 234 permanent, regular and occasional employees May 27, 2016 October 27, 2016 154
Old Port of Montreal Corporation and the Public Service Alliance of Canada 16 seasonal employees May 27, 2016 November 1, 2016 159
Blue Water Bridge (Canada), a division of The Federal Bridge Corporation Limited and the Public Service Alliance of Canada, Local 501 48 employees of Blue Water Bridge (Canada), including maintenance and toll collector employees November 21, 2016 December 9, 2016 19
Société de transport de l’Outaouais and the Amalgamated Transit Union, Local 591 602 drivers and maintenance employees March 16, 2017 - March 21, 2017 - March 30, 2017 March 16, 2017 - March 21, 2017 - March 30, 2017 3
Town of Watson Lake and the Public Service Alliance of Canada approximately 15 municipal employees of the Town of Watson Lake March 27, 2017 Ongoing* 5

*Work stoppage is ongoing at the start of fiscal year 2017 to 2018.
Maximum number of workers: 886
Number of person - Days not worked: 29,940

2.2 Days lost to work stoppages

The five work stoppages accounted for 29,940 person days not worked. The number of working days lost due to work stoppages in 2016 to 2017 represented one hundredth of one percent (0.01%) of the total available work time in the federal private sector.

Appendix D shows work days lost as a percentage of available work time in the federal private sector.

Chart 5 - Person days lost from 2007 to 2008 to 2016 to 2017
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Fiscal year Days lost
2007 to 2008 97,160
2008 to 2009 171,350
2009 to 2010 44,805
2010 to 2011 18,690
2011 to 2012 466,135
2012 to 2013 174,370
2013 to 2014 46,140
2014 to 2015 44,220
2015 to 2016 48,550
2016 to 2017 29,940

2.3 Work stoppages by industrial sector

There were two work stoppages in the Entertainment/Tourism sector and one work stoppage in each of the following sectors: road transportation, international/interprovincial bridges/tunnels, and municipal public administration.

Appendix C includes a breakdown of work stoppages by industrial sector.

Chart 6 - Distribution of 2016 to 2017 work stoppages by industrial sector (%)
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Industrial sector Percentage of total disputes
Entertainment/tourism 40.0
International/interprovincial Bridges/tunnels 20.0
Municipal public administration 20.0
Road transport 20.0

3. Significant settlements in 2016 to 2017

A number of key agreements were renewed across all industrial sectors during fiscal year 2016 to 2017.

A listing of significant settlements achieved in 2016 to 2017 is attached as Appendix E.

4. Significant current and forthcoming negotiations in 2017 to 2018

4.1 Expired and expiring collective agreements

There is an average of 350 collective agreements that expire during a year.

A listing of significant current and forthcoming bargaining situations is attached as Appendix F.

5. Appointments under Part III of the Canada Labour Code and the Wage Earner Protection Program Act

5.1 Appointments: Unjust dismissal, wage recovery and Wage Earner Protection Program

Initial appointments were made under Part III of the Code for 90 wage recovery (WR) appeal cases, 389 unjust dismissal (UD) complaint cases and 5 Wage Earner Protection Program (WEPP) appeal cases. In 2009, the FMCS first handled WEPP appeals after the Wage Earner Protection Program Act provisions came into force in July 2008.

A table showing adjudicator and referee appointment levels since 2007 to 2008 is found in Appendix G.

Chart 7 - Appointments made under Part III (UD, WR) and under the Wage Earner Protection Program Act from 2007 to 2008 to 2016 to 2017
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Fiscal year Total UD, WR and WEPP
2007 to 2008 348
2008 to 2009 458
2009 to 2010 504
2010 to 2011 508
2011 to 2012 476
2012 to 2013 459
2013 to 2014 477
2014 to 2015 435
2015 to 2016 444
2016 to 2017 484

6. Grievance arbitration appointments under Part I of the Canada Labour Code

6.1 Grievance arbitration appointments

Initial appointments were made under Part I of the Code for 84 grievance arbitration cases during fiscal year 2016 to 2017. These appointments are made when employers and unions are unable to agree upon an arbitrator or arbitration board chairperson to deal with grievances that relate to the application, interpretation, administration or alleged contravention of their respective collective agreements.

Grievance arbitration appointment levels since 2007 to 2008 are included in Appendix G.

Chart 8 - Part I Grievance arbitration appointments from 2007 to 2008 to 2016 to 2017
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Fiscal year Part I grievance arbitration appointments
2007 to 2008 90
2008 to 2009 112
2009 to 2010 105
2010 to 2011 90
2011 to 2012 72
2012 to 2013 92
2013 to 2014 58
2014 to 2015 64
2015 to 2016 63
2016 to 2017 84

7. Relationship development program services

During fiscal year 2016 to 2017, FMCS continued to develop the Relationship Development Program (RDP) by increasing its number of client interventions and reaching out to a broader range of stakeholders. It also continued its collaborative work with provincial jurisdictions through the joint delivery of public workshops. While work is underway to further develop the RDP, mediators continue to offer an array of services to clients across Canada, including:

  • public workshops on Labour Relations and the Negotiation Cycle;
  • relationship diagnostics;
  • customized training workshops;
  • facilitation of committee meetings;
  • facilitation of direct negotiations; and
  • grievance mediation.

A total of 252 relationship development interventions were made in 2016 to 2017. The year was also marked by the delivery of five public workshops on Labour Relations and the Negotiation Cycle in collaboration with provincial authorities, garnering over 245 participants from across Canada, both from federally and provincially-regulated sectors. FMCS also offered a number of joint customized training workshops and helped facilitate various workplace issues, thus contributing to long-term stability among unions and employers.

Chart 9 - Relationship development program services: 2016 to 2017
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Service Percentile of interventions
Facilitation 39%
Training 16%
Diagnostic 9%
Other 16%
Grievance Mediation 20%
Chart 10 - Interventions by Industry: 2016 to 2017
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Industry Percentage of interventions
Airport operations 25%
Uranium handling/Processing 19%
Railway companies 15%
Airlines 4%
Other (22 Industries) 38%

The largest number of relationship development services were provided to clients involved with Airport Operations (25%), followed by Uranium Handling/Processing (19%) and Railway Companies (15%). The “Other” category (38%) includes 22 other industries under the federal jurisdiction.

8. Other key activities

8.1 Status of the Artist Act activities

FMCS handled one request, which was carried forward from the two previous fiscal years, for mediation assistance under Part II – Professional Relations, section 45 of the Status of the Artist Act. The parties involved are Groupe Media TFO and l’Union des Artistes.

8.2 Ministerial referrals to the Canada Industrial Relations Board under subsection 87.4(5) of the Canada Labour Code – Maintenance of activities agreement

The Code stipulates that during a strike or lockout, the employer and the employees of the bargaining unit must continue the supply of services, operation of facilities or production of goods to the extent necessary to prevent an immediate and serious danger to the safety or health of the public. The Code sets out a process for the negotiation of a “maintenance of activities” agreement and provides a role for the Minister of Labour and the Canada Industrial Relations Board if the parties are unable to reach agreement.

In 2016 to 2017, no referral was made out of approximately 18 strike or lockout notices received.

8.3 Back to work Legislation

In some exceptional circumstances, where there has been a high profile work stoppage ongoing for some time, the Minister may decide to intervene in a dispute by tabling legislation. This step is taken when there is a high level of public pressure on the government to terminate a dispute that is affecting the public interest or the economy. In 2016 to 2017, back-to-work legislation was not enacted to end a strike or lockout.

9. The industrial relations advisory service

Industrial Relations Advisory Service (IRAS) carries out a variety of activities intended to ensure the maintenance of an appropriate framework for collective bargaining in the federal jurisdiction. This area has the responsibility for coordinating any legislative initiatives undertaken by the FMCS, including amendments to existing industrial relations legislation, and analyzes labour board and court decisions, government initiatives and representations by client groups to assess their implications for labour relations. Through its research, liaison and advisory activities, IRAS contributes to the overall FMCS mandate for dispute settlement and prevention. Research is conducted into current and emerging industrial relations problems and issues in order to develop strategies and initiatives that will support labour relations in the federal jurisdiction.

9.1 Technical expertise for interdepartmental committees

IRAS provides industrial relations expertise for inter-departmental committees dealing with policy initiatives having implications for labour-management relations or government labour policies. Specific activities include:

  • presentation of departmental positions;
  • provision of an understanding of the government’s labour relations philosophy;
  • discussion and decisions which take account of legislative requirements, as well as acquired rights of both labour and management; and
  • provision of information and data on specific industrial relations situations.

9.2 Coordinator of legislative initiatives

FMCS Program involvement in the legislative area can be ad hoc (for example emergency back-to-work legislation). IRAS is responsible for providing the Minister with the support and briefing material required for Cabinet deliberations and parliamentary consideration of Bills. Activities include:

  • preparation of a Memorandum to Cabinet;
  • instruction of Department of Justice drafters;
  • preparation of Minister’s speech and briefing material; and
  • implementation of the Act, once proclaimed.

9.3 Specialized research in support of dispute resolution initiatives

Operational research expertise is provided to conciliators and mediators, conciliation commissioners, industrial inquiry commissions, and other dispute resolution specialists on industrial relations and economic issues. This direct support is provided both in relation to specific needs arising out of ongoing dispute resolution or preventive mediation initiatives and, as well, on a continuing basis. Specific activities include:

  • analysis of employer/union positions on key issues in dispute and the prevailing industry practices; and
  • preparation of major industry bargaining histories which detail, over a time period, the bargaining relationship, the extent and nature of third party assistance, changes in key issues and terms of settlement and any other significant economic or industrial relations variables.

9.4 Briefings for ministerial use

IRAS prepares, on a regular basis, briefing notes to support the Minister in the management of high profile labour disputes and to support the Minister when meeting with stakeholders.

10. Appendixes

Appendix A. FMCS dispute settlement proceedings since 2007 to 2008
Caseload Settled Settlements without work stoppages
Fiscal year Carried forward New s.72 Appts Total caseload Carried over New s.72 Appts Total cases settled Cases Percentage
2007 to 2008 83 180 263 61 114 175 162 93%
2008 to 2009 89 155 244 58 101 159 150 94%
2009 to 2010 83 162 245 46 96 142 134 94%
2010 to 2011 87 215 302 60 99 159 150 94%
2011 to 2012 104 189 293 88 101 189 176 93%
2012 to 2013 89 228 317 69 165 234 221 94%
2013 to 2014 77 135 212 62 97 159 155 97%
2014 to 2015 53 174 227 42 87 129 122 95%
2015 to 2016 98 132 230 93 87 180 169 94%
2016 to 2017 50 130 180 43 76 119 116 97%
Appendix B. Comparison of settlement stages since 2007 to 2008
Fiscal year Total cases finalized Total settled at conciliation stage Percentage finalized at conciliation Total settled at post-conciliation stage Percentage finalized at post-conciliation
2007 to 2008 175 56 32% 119 68%
2008 to 2009 159 50 31% 109 69%
2009 to 2010 142 57 40% 85 60%
2010 to 2011 159 57 36% 102 64%
2011 to 2012 189 63 33% 126 67%
2012 to 2013 234 85 36% 149 64%
2013 to 2014 159 57 36% 102 64%
2014 to 2015 129 37 29% 92 71%
2015 to 2016 180 64 36% 116 64%
2016 to 2017 119 55 46% 64 54%
Appendix C. Caseload and work stoppages by industrial sector for fiscal year 2016 to 2017
Industrial sector Total caseload Percentage of total caseload Number of disputes with work stoppages Percentage of total disputes
Aboriginal 8 4.4% 0 0%
Air transport 37 20.6% 0 0%
Broadcasting 14 7.8% 0 0%
Communications 11 6.1% 0 0%
Entertainment/Tourism 5 2.8% 2 40%
Grain handling 18 10.0% 0 0%
International/Interprovincial Bridges/Tunnels 1 0.6% 1 20%
Marine transport 20 11.1% 0 0%
Mining 3 1.7% 0 0%
Miscellaneous 6 3.3% 0 0%
Municipal public administration 1 0.6% 1 20%
Port operations 6 3.3% 0 0%
Rail transport 8 4.4% 0 0%
Road transport 42 23.3% 1 20%
Total all sectors 180 100% 5 100%
Total transportation 107 59.4% 1 20%
Appendix D. Person days lost in the federal jurisdiction since 2007 to 2008
Fiscal year Number of work stoppages Days lost As a percentage of all available time in federal jurisdiction
2007 to 2008 16 97,160 0.05%
2008 to 2009 8 171,350 0.08%
2009 to 2010 6 44,805 0.02%
2010 to 2011 9 18,690 0.01%
2011 to 2012 13 466,135 0.22%
2012 to 2013 17 174,370 0.08%
2013 to 2014 5 46,140 0.02%
2014 to 2015 11 44,220 0.02%
2015 to 2016 8 48,550 0.02%
2016 to 2017 5 29,940 0.01%
Appendix E. Significant settlements achieved in fiscal year 2016 to 2017
Employer and union Bargaining unit
1791949 Ontario Ltd., c.o.b. as Toronto Ground Airport Services, Mississauga, Ontario, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, Transportation District 140 (Lester B. Pearson International Airport)
  • 220 passenger agents
Aeroplan Canada Inc., Montréal, Quebec, and Unifor Local 2002
  • 500 employees engaged in customer sales and service functions
Aéroport de Québec Inc., Québec, Quebec, and the Public Service Alliance of Canada
  • 96 clerical/office employees
Air Transat A.T., Montréal, Quebec, and the Canadian Union of Public Employees
  • 1,727 in-flight personnel
Airport Terminal Services Canadian Company, Richmond, British Columbia, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (Vancouver International Airport)
  • 55 passenger service agents
ASIG Canada Ltd., Brampton, Ontario, and Teamsters Local Union No. 938 (Lester B. Pearson International Airport)
  • 75 aircraft refuellers and ramp personnel
Atlantic Pilotage Authority, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the Canadian Merchant Service Guild
  • 40 marine pilots
Bell Canada, Montréal, Quebec, and Unifor
  • 3,988 craft and services employees
Blue Water Bridge (Canada), a division of The Federal Bridge Corporation Limited, Point Edward, Ontario, and the Public Service Alliance of Canada Local 501
  • 48 maintenance employees and toll collectors
Bradley Air Services Limited, carrying on Business as First Air, Kanata, Ontario, and Unifor Local 2002
  • 317 baggage handlers
Canada Post Corporation, Ottawa, Ontario, and the Canadian Union of Postal Workers
  • 42,000 urban operations employees
  • 8,000 rural and suburban mail carriers
CanJet Airlines, a division of I.M.P. Group Limited, Enfield, Nova Scotia, and the Canadian Union of Public Employees Local 4044
  • 31 and 150 (seasonal) flight attendants
CEVA Logistics Canada ULC, Oshawa, Ontario, and Unifor Local 222
  • 200 warehousemen
Central Maine & Québec Railway Canada Inc., Montréal, Quebec, and TC Local 1976, United Steelworkers
  • 36 locomotive engineers
Cogeco Câble Quebec general partnership, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, and the Canadian Union of Public Employees Local 3624
  • 300 clerical/office employees
  • 300 technicians
DHL Express (Canada) Ltd., Brampton, Ontario, and Unifor Locals 114, 755, 4005, 4050 and 4457 (employees in Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia and Ontario)
  • 1,300 hourly employees and owner-operators
First Student Canada, Thunder Bay, Ontario, and the United Steelworkers of America Local 5481
  • 85 drivers
FirstCanada ULC, carrying on business as First Student Canada, Markham, Ontario, and Unifor Local 4268
  • 315 bus drivers
GardaWorld Cash Solutions, Calgary, Alberta, and Teamsters Local 927 (employees in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island)
  • 120 armoured car employees
Greater Toronto Airports Authority, Toronto, Ontario, and the Pearson Airport Professional Fire Fighters Association Local 4382
  • 80 firefighters
Garda Security Group G.P., Montréal, Quebec, and the Syndicat des agent-es de sécurité de ADM-CSN (Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport)
  • 130 security officers licensed by the Department of Justice
Nova Scotia Division of the Canadian Corps of Commissionaires and the Public Service Alliance of Canada (Halifax International Airport)
  • 190 security personnel
Prince Rupert Grain Ltd., Prince Rupert, British Columbia, and the Grain Workers Union Local 333 ILWU Canada
  • 116 grain handlers
Saskatchewan Telecommunications, Regina, Saskatchewan, and Unifor
  • 3,800 technical, office and clerical employees
Seaspan ULC, North Vancouver, British Columbia, and the Canadian Merchant Service Guild
  • 220 masters, mates, chief engineers and marine engineers
Seaspan ULC, North Vancouver, British Columbia, and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 400
  • 180 unlicensed employees
Old Port of Montréal Corporation Inc., Montréal, Quebec, and the Public Service Alliance of Canada
  • 234 permanent, regular and occasional employees
  • 16 seasonal employees
Sunwing Airlines Inc., Toronto, Ontario, and the Canadian Union of Public Employees Local 4055
  • 900 cabin crew and cabin safety managers
Sunwing Airlines Inc., Toronto, Ontario, and Unifor Local 7378
  • 300 flight crew members
Swissport Canada Fuel Services Inc., Montréal, Quebec, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (Dorval-Trudeau and Mirabel Airports)
  • 85 refuelling employees, dispatchers, refuelling maintenance employees and mechanics
Swissport Canada Handling Inc., Richmond, British Columbia, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (Vancouver International Airport)
  • 900 groomers, ground handlers and mechanics
Swissport Canada Inc., Calgary, Alberta, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, Transportation District Lodge 140, Local Lodge 2734 (Calgary International Airport)
  • 140 ramp services agents, equipment mechanics, cabin service agents, customer service agents, operations agents and mechanics
Toronto Port Authority, Toronto, Ontario, and the International Longshoremen’s Association Local 1842
  • 25 mechanics, equipment operators, garage foremen and labourers
Toronto Terminals Railway, Toronto, Ontario, and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, System Council No. 11
  • 72 traffic controllers
Toronto Terminals Railway, Toronto, Ontario, and Unifor
  • 95 maintenance of way employees
Vancouver International Airport Authority, Richmond, British Columbia, and the Public Service Alliance of Canada
  • 325 clerical/office employees
Vancouver Terminal Elevator Association, Vancouver, British Columbia, and the Grain Workers Union Local 333 ILWU Canada
  • 503 grain handlers
VIA Rail Canada Inc., Montréal, Quebec, and Unifor
  • 691 off-train employees
  • 666 on-board services employees
  • 549 shopcraft/skilled trades employees
Viterra Inc., Regina, Saskatchewan, and the Grain and General Services Union (ILWU – Canada)
  • 75 office employees
  • 375 operational and technical employees
Westshore Terminals Limited Partnership, Delta, British Columbia, and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 502 (Port of Roberts Bank)
  • 125 maintenance men, equipment and mobile machine operators and labourers engaged in handling bulk commodities
Appendix F. Significant current and forthcoming bargaining situations
Collective agreement expiry date Employer and union Bargaining unit
July 22, 2016 Canadian National Railway Company, Montréal, Quebec, and Teamsters Canada Rail Conference
  • 5 collective agreements – agreements 4.16, 4.3, 4.2, Algoma Central Railway and B.C. Rail covering 3,315 conductors and assistant conductors (road and yard), baggage persons, car retarder operators, yard operations employees, switch tenders, traffic coordinators and assistant traffic coordinators
December 10, 2016 Consolidated Aviation Fueling of Toronto Ltd., Toronto, Ontario, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
  • 270 aircraft refuellers
December 31, 2016 Canadian National Railway Company, Montréal, Quebec, and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, System Council No. 11
  • 670 service and maintenance employees
December 31, 2016 Marine Atlantic Inc., North Sydney, Nova Scotia, and Unifor
  • 530 unlicensed personnel
December 31, 2016 Marine Atlantic Inc., St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, and the Canadian Merchant Service Guild
  • 133 licensed personnel
December 31, 2016 NAV Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, and the Public Service Alliance of Canada
  • 280 administrative and support employees
December 31, 2016 Vancouver Terminal Elevator Association, Vancouver, British Columbia, and the Grain Workers Union Local 333 ILWU Canada
  • 503 grain elevator employees
January 13, 2017 Jazz Air Limited Partnership, Richmond, British Colombia (and Quebec City based employees), and Unifor
  • 980 customer service agents
January 31, 2017 Canadian North Inc., Calgary, Alberta, and the Air Line Pilots Association, International
  • 130 pilots
January 31, 2017 Lakehead Terminal Elevators Association, Thunder Bay, Ontario, and the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union Local 1976, Unit Lodge 650 (United Steelworkers)
  • 230 grain elevator employees
January 31, 2017 Yukon Hospital Corporation, Yukon Territory, and the Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada
  • 220 regular, part-time, term and casual professional employees
March 31, 2017 Aéroports de Montréal, Dorval, Quebec, and the Syndicat des employé-e-s des Aéroports de Montréal (CSD)
  • 260 service and maintenance employees
March 31, 2017 Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (Chalk River Laboratories), Chalk River, Ontario, and the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber Manufacturing, Energy, Allied-Industrial and Service Workers International Union (United Steelworkers)
  • 480 technicians and technologists
March 31, 2017 Canadian National Railway Company, Montréal, Quebec, and Unifor
  • 65 locomotive engineers, conductors and assistant conductors
March 31, 2017 Desgagnés Marine Cargo Inc., Québec, Quebec, and the Canadian Merchant Service Guild
  • 30 deck officers
March 31, 2017 Desgagnés Marine Cargo Inc., Québec, Quebec, and the Seafarers’ International Union of Canada
  • 60 unlicensed personnel
March 31, 2017 Garda Security Screening Inc., Toronto, Ontario, and Teamsters Local 847 (London International Airport)
  • 50 security screening of passengers and baggage
March 31, 2017 Great Lakes Pilotage Authority, Corwall, Ontario, and the Corporation of the Upper St. Lawrence Pilots and the Canadian Merchant Service Guild
  • 42 marine pilots
March 31, 2017 NAV Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, the Canadian Air Traffic Control Association, Unifor Local 5454
  • 1,970 air traffic controllers
March 31, 2017 Ornge Air, Mississauga, Ontario, and the Office and Professional Employees International Union
  • 28 engineers
  • 79 pilots
  • 7 supervisors
March 31, 2017 Pacific Pilotage Authority, Vancouver, British Columbia, and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 520
  • 25 dispatchers
April 1, 2017 Garda Security Screening Inc., Thunder Bay, Ontario, and the United Food and Commercial Workers Canada Local 175 (Thunder Bay International Airport)
  • 35 security personnel
April 30, 2017 NAV Canada, Cornwall, Ontario, and the Canadian Federal Pilots Association
  • 36 pilots
April 30 2017 NAV Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, and the Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada
  • 390 computer systems and administrative employees
April 30, 2017 NAV Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, and Unifor
  • 700 flight service specialists
May 2, 2017 PLH Aviation Services Inc., Edmonton, Alberta, and Teamsters Local 362
  • 32 aircraft refuellers
June 30, 2017 National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, and the Public Service Alliance of Canada
  • 185 employees
June 30, 2017 NAV Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, and Unifor
  • 260 technical employees
September 7, 2017 Swissport Canada Handling Inc., Richmond, British Columbia, and Unifor (Vancouver International Airport)
  • 71 passenger service agents
September 30, 2017 CAFAS Fueling ULC, Montréal, Quebec, and the International Association of Machinists and Aérospace Workers, District 140, Local Lodge 2301 (Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport)
  • 110 aircraft refuellers
September 30, 2017 Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (formerly Atomic Energy of Canada Limited), Chalk River, Ontario, and the Canadian Union of Public Employees
  • 150 operational employees
October 31, 2017 Canpar Transport L.P., Brampton, Ontario, and Teamsters Canada Local 1976 USW
  • 1,360 drivers
November 30, 2017 Bell Canada, Montréal, Quebec, and Unifor
  • 6,000 office employees
November 30, 2017 Quebec Ports Terminals Inc., Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec, and the International Longshoremen’s Association Local 2033
  • 30 longshoremen
December 31, 2017 Bell Aliant Regional Communications, Limited Partnership, and Unifor Atlantic Communication Locals (Unifor ACL) (employees in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island)
  • 3,700 office employees and technicians
December 31, 2017 Canada Post Corporation, Ottawa, Ontario, and the Canadian Union of Postal Workers
  • 8,000 rural and suburban mail carriers
December 31, 2017 Canadian National Railway Company, Montréal, Quebec, and Teamsters Canada Rail Conference
  • 4 agreements – agreements 1.1 (CN lines East), 1.2 (CN lines West), Algoma Central Railway and B.C. Rail covering 1,800 locomotive engineers and tour attendants
December 31, 2017 Canadian Pacific Railway Company, and Teamsters Canada Rail Conference Maintenance of Way Employees Division
  • 2,050 maintenance of way employees
December 31, 2017 Canadian Pacific Railway Company, and the Canadian Signals and Communications System Council No. 11 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
  • 420 signals and communications workers
December 31, 2017 Halifax Employers Association Incorporated, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the Council of ILA Locals for the Port of Halifax
  • 70 checkers
December 31, 2017 Halifax Employers Association Incorporated, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the Council of ILA Locals for the Port of Halifax
  • 300 longshoremen
December 31, 2017 Halifax Employers Association Incorporated, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the Council of ILA Locals for the Port of Halifax
  • 70 gear repair and maintenance employees
December 31, 2017 Laurentian Bank of Canada and Laurentian Trust of Canada, Montréal, Quebec, and the Syndicat des employées et employés professionnels-les et de bureau, section locale 434
  • 2,475 administrative services employees
December 31, 2017 Maritime Employers Association, Hamilton, Ontario, and the International Longshoremen’s Association
  • 49 longshoremen
December 31, 2017 Quebec Ports Terminals Inc., La Baie, Quebec, and Unifor Local 2004-Q, unit T.P.Q. (Port of Grande-Anse)
  • 50 longshoremen
January 31, 2018 Canada Post Corporation, Ottawa, Ontario, and the Canadian Union of Postal Workers
  • 42,000 urban operations employees
January 31, 2018 Garda Canada Security Corporation, Mississauga, Ontario, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (Lester B. Pearson International, Buttonville and Toronto City Centre Airports)
  • 130 employees providing access control airside
January 31, 2018 GardaWorld Cash Services Canada Corporation, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Unifor
  • 150 security guards
February 25, 2018 Swissport Canada Handling Inc., Saint-Laurent, Quebec, and the Canada Council of Teamsters (International Airports in Dorval and Mirabel)
  • 280 groomers, ramp/ground handlers, mechanics, communications co-ordinators and storekeepers
Februray 28, 2018 Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway Company Inc., Sept-Îles, Quebec, and the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (United Steelworkers), Local 9344
  • 310 railway operation employees
March 31, 2018 British Columbia Maritime Employers Association, Vancouver, British Columbia, and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union – Canada
  • 4,500 longshoremen
March 31, 2018 British Columbia Maritime Employers Association, Vancouver, British Columbia, and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union – Canada Local 514
  • 490 foremen
March 31, 2018 Canada Post Corporation, Ottawa, Ontario, and the Association of Postal Officials of Canada
  • 3,100 supervisors
March 31, 2018 Canadian National Railway Company, Montréal, Quebec, and Unifor
  • 1,750 office employees
March 31, 2018 G4S Secure Solutions (Canada) Ltd., Vancouver, British Columbia, and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, Transportation District 140, Local Lodge 16 (Vancouver International Airport)
  • 830 airport screening officers
March 31, 2018 Garda Security Screening Inc., Calgary, Alberta, and General Teamsters Local 362 (Calgary International Airport)
  • 470 security personnel
March 31, 2018 Garda Security Screening Inc., Edmonton, Alberta, and General Teamsters Local 362 (Edmonton International Airport)
  • 300 employees engaged in the security screening of passengers, non-passengers, and baggage
March 31, 2018 Garda Security Screening Inc., Ottawa, Ontario, and the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (United Steelworkers) (Macdonald-Cartier International Airport)
  • 250 airport screening officers
March 31, 2018 Garda Security Screening Inc., Toronto, Ontario, and the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (United Steelworkers) (Sarnia Chris Hadfield Airport)
  • 160 airport security screening officers
March 31, 2018 Garda Security Screening Inc., Winnipeg, Manitoba, and General Teamsters Local 979 (Winnipeg International Airport)
  • 200 airport screening officers
October 31, 2018 Richardson International Limited, Regina, Saskatchewan, and the Grain and General Services Union (International Longshore & Warehouse Union Canada)
  • 375 operation and maintenance employees
December 31, 2018 Maritime Employers Association, Montréal, Quebec, and the Longshoremen’s Association, Local 1375 of the Canadian Union of Public Employees
  • 100 longshoremen
Appendix G. Appointments under Part I and III (UD and WR) of the Canada Labour Code and Wage Earners Protection Program Act appointments since 2007 to 2008
Fiscal year Part III UD appointments Part III WR appointments WEPP appointments* Total UD, WR and WEPP Part I Grievance arbitration appointments
2007 to 2008 221 127 n/a 348 90
2008 to 2009 318 140 n/a 458 112
2009 to 2010 364 136 4 504 105
2010 to 2011 386 121 1 508 90
2011 to 2012 305 170 1 476 72
2012 to 2013 315 142 2 459 92
2013 to 2014 334 135 8 477 58
2014 to 2015 297 130 8 435 64
2015 to 2016 355 81 8 444 63
2016 to 2017 389 90 5 484 84

* WEPP provisions came into force in July 2008.

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