Climate change

Adaptation

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Arctic Research

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Examples of Arctic research and monitoring

Impacts of climate change in the Arctic

Examples of how the impacts of climate change are affecting Northerners

Canada’s Nationally Determined Contribution

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Canada’s Strengthened Climate Plan – A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy

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Examples of new and strengthened measures

Buildings
Transportation
Electricity
Carbon Pricing
Clean Industry
Nature
Adaptation
Indigenous Partnership
Greening Government

Net-Zero 2050 Commitments

Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act
Net-Zero Advisory Body

Carbon Pollution Pricing – Supreme Court of Canada Decision

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Clean Fuel Standard

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Climate change programs

Carbon Pollution Pricing

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Return of proceeds from the fuel charge
Return of proceeds from the Output-Based Pricing System
Reporting

Climate Action Incentive Fund

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Low Carbon Economy Fund

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Indigenous Relations on Climate Change

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A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy and Budget 2021 Investments

Engaging Indigneous Peoples on Canada’s Nationally Determined Contribution

Senior Bilateral Tables on Clean Growth and Climate Change and the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change

Canada’s Strengthened Climate Plan and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

National Inventory Report – 2021 Edition

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Figure 1: Canadian greenhouse gas emissions and indexed trend emission intensity (excluding Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry)

Long description for Figure 1

Figure 1 is a line graph displaying actual GHG emissions (Mt CO2 eq) on one line and indexed trends of GHG emissions per GDP (Emissions intensity) (Index [1990 = 100]) on another. The following table displays both GHG emissions and indexed GHG emissions per GDP from 1990 to 2019.

Canadian greenhouse gas emissions and indexed trend emission intensity
(excluding Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry)
Year GHG emissions
(Mt CO2 eq)
Indexed GHG per GDP
(emissions intensity)
1990 602 100
1991 596 101
1992 614 103
1993 617 101
1994 638 100
1995 656 100
1996 679 102
1997 691 99
1998 697 96
1999 710 93
2000 734 91
2001 723 88
2002 727 86
2003 745 87
2004 746 85
2005 739 81
2006 730 78
2007 752 79
2008 736 76
2009 694 74
2010 703 73
2011 714 72
2012 717 71
2013 725 70
2014 723 68
2015 723 68
2016 707 66
2017 716 64
2018 728 64
2019 730 63

Figure 2: Breakdown of Canada’s emissions by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change sector (2019)

Figure ES–2 (See long description below)

Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.

Long description for Figure 2

Figure 2 is a pie chart displaying the breakdown of Canada’s GHG emissions by six Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change sectors for 2019. These sectors are the following: Energy – Stationary Combustion Sources, Energy – Transport, Energy – Fugitive Sources, Industrial Processes and Product Use, Agriculture, and Waste. The following table displays the breakdown of the GHG emissions (Mt CO2 eq) for the six sectors for 2019.

Breakdown of Canada’s emissions by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change sector (2019)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change sector Mt CO2 eq % of Total
Energy – Stationary Combustion Sources 319 44%
Energy – Transport 217 30%
Energy – Fugitive Sources 54 7.4%
Industrial Processes and Product Use 54 7.4%
Agriculture 59 8.1%
Waste 28 3.8%
Total 730 100%

Figure 3: Greenhouse gas emissions by province and territory in 2005, 2010 and 2019

Figure ES–8 (See long description below)
Long description for Figure 3

Figure 3 is a bar chart displaying the GHG (emissions by province and territory for the following years: 2005, 2010, and 2019. The following table displays the GHG emissions (Mt CO2 eq) for 2005, 2010 and 2019.

Greenhouse gas emissions by province and territory in 2005, 2010 and 2019 (Mt CO2 eq)
Province and territory 2005 2010 2019
NL 11 10 11
PE 2.0 1.9 1.8
NS 23 20 16
NB 20 18 12
QC 88 80 84
ON 206 174 163
MB 21 20 23
SK 68 68 75
AB 235 248 276
BC 63 59 66
YT 0.57 0.65 0.69
NT 1.6 1.4 1.4
NU 0.58 0.60 0.73

Net-Zero Legislation, Bill C-12

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Net-Zero Advisory Body

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Sustainable Finance Action Council

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