Appendix A - Definitions of Vehicles and Engines to be Covered by the Planned Regulations

The definitions of vehicles and engines to be covered by the planned regulations, with the exception of personal watercraft, are based on those set out in the applicable U.S. Code of Federal Regulations. The definition of "personal watercraft" stems from the Small Vessel Regulations under the Canada Shipping Act.

"All-terrain vehicle" means a land-based or amphibious off-road vehicle, other than an utility vehicle, that

  1. is designed to travel on four low-pressure tires, having a seat designed to be straddled by the operator and handlebars for steering controls and intended for use by a single operator and no other passengers; or
  2. has three or more wheels, that has more than one seat, is designed for operation over rough terrain, and is intended primarily for transportation.

"Off-highway motorcycle" means a two-wheeled vehicle with an off-road engine and a seat.

"Outboard engine" means an engine that, when mounted on a vessel in the position to operate, houses the engine and drive unit external to the hull of the vessel.

"Personal watercraft" means a water-jet driven vessel with an enclosed hull and no cockpit and a maximum length of 4 m, that is designed to be used by one or more persons.

"Snowmobile" means a vehicle, including a snowmobile conversion vehicle, designed primarily for travel on snow with a maximum width of 1.5 meters or less.

"Utility vehicle"28 means a vehicle that has four or more wheels, seating for two or more persons, is designed for operation over rough terrain and has either a rear payload 350 pounds (159 kg) or more or seating for six or more passengers.

28 The planned regulations will apply to utility vehicles with engine displacement not exceeding 1000 cubic centimeters, engine brake power not exceeding 30 kW and maximum vehicle speed exceeding 40 km/hr. Utility vehicles will be subject to the standards for all-terrain vehicles (please refer to Table 2).

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