Canada-Ontario Agreement on Great Lakes: annex 10

Annex 10: science

The purpose of this annex is to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of Great Lakes science activities through planning, cooperation, coordination and communication.

Science is the basis for shared understanding of the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Great Lakes, and for ensuring effective decision making and actions. Science in the context of this agreement includes monitoring, surveillance, observing, research, and modeling. Scientific information is used for effective decision making and for reporting on the conditions and progress in achieving environmental objectives and defining appropriate and necessary actions.

Science undertaken in support of the agreement must be coordinated, integrated, synthesized, shared, reported and effectively communicated in order to efficiently provide the Great Lakes community with the information required to restore, protect and conserve the Great Lakes.

Government and non-government organizations and individuals routinely collect and analyze data pertaining to the state of the Great Lakes ecosystem. A suite of binational, science-based indicators is used to report regularly on conditions and trends. This information will be shared with the Great Lakes community including resource managers and decision-makers to ensure that decisions are being made using the best available science.

This Annex contains commitments to review current Great Lakes science activities, compile current and planned science activities, and examine emerging issues in order to support an assessment of their comprehensiveness and identify any needs for additional science efforts. Opportunities will be explored to enhance integration of different types of knowledge including traditional knowledge contributed by First Nations and Métis. A five-year science activity summary (2014 -2019) will be developed to provide opportunities to better coordinate science efforts in support of management and policy decisions. Most of the science activities to meet these commitments will be undertaken through other Annexes.

Goal 1: Focus science on priorities that support domestic and binational Great Lakes management and policy decisions.

Result 1.1 - Identification of science priorities, along with the supporting science activities, to inform policy development and management actions to support the restoration, protection and conservation of the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Great Lakes.

Canada and Ontario will:

Result 1.2 - Coordinated science activities by Canada, Ontario and others to support the identified science priorities to restore, protect and conserve Great Lakes water quality and ecosystem health.

Canada and Ontario will:

Goal 2: Undertake regular assessments and report on conditions and trends of the Great Lakes.

Result 2.1 - Assessment of the state of the Great Lakes using science-based ecosystem indicators.

Canada and Ontario will:

Canada will lead, with Ontario’s support:

Result 2.2 - Regular public reports on the state of the Great Lakes.

Canada and Ontario will:

Canada will lead, with Ontario’s support:

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