Environmental Code of Practice for base metals smelters and refineries: references


References Cited

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Canada-wide Standards for Dioxins/Furans, March 2003.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Canada-wide Standards for Mercury Emissions.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Freshwater Aquatic Life.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for Aquatic Life: Ammonia Fact Sheet, 2000, ISBN 1-89699-34-1.

Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, Reference Guide: Determining Whether a Project is Likely to Cause Significant Adverse Environmental Effects.

Doyle, P.J., D.W. Gutzman, M.I. Sheppard, S.C. Sheppard, G.A. Bird, and D. Hrebenyk, An ecological risk assessment of air emissions of trace metals from copper and zinc production facilities, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 9(2): 607-636, 2003.

Environment Canada, Guidance Document for Flow Measurement of Metal Mining Effluents, EPS 2/MM/4, April 2001.

Environment Canada, Guidance Document for the Sampling and Analysis of Metal Mining Effluents, EPS 2/MM/5, April 2001.

Environment Canada, Implementation Guidelines for Part 8 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, Environmental Emergency Plans, September 2003, ISBN 0-662-33797-2.

Environment Canada, Metal Mining Guidance Document for Aquatic Environmental Effects Monitoring, 2002.

Environment Canada and Health Canada, Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, Priority Substances List Assessment Report: Releases from Primary and Secondary Copper Smelters and Copper Refineries; Releases from Primary and Secondary Zinc Smelters and Zinc Refineries, 2001, ISBN 0-662-29871-3.

Global Reporting Initiative, Sustainability Reporting Guidelines, 2002, GRI Mining and Metals Sector Supplement, Pilot Version 1.0, February 2005.

Hatch Associates Ltd., Guidance Document for Reporting Releases from the Base Metals Smelting Sector, prepared for Environment Canada, October 2001.

Hatch Associates Ltd., Implementation Scenario for Proposed Emission Standards for Particulate Matter and Sulphur Dioxide for the Base Metal Smelting Sector, December 2001.

Hatch Consulting, Guidance Document for Management of Wastes from the Base Metals Smelting Sector, prepared for Environment Canada, March 31, 2004.

Riekkola-Vanhanen, M., Finnish Expert Report on Best Available Techniques in Nickel Production, Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, 1999, ISBN 952-11-0507-0.

Skeffington, R., The use of critical loads in environmental policy making: a critical appraisal, Environmental Science and Technology, 33(11): 245 A-252 A, 1999.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, The 1994 Oslo Protocol on Further Reductions of Sulphur Emissions.

World Health Organization, Air Quality Guidelines.

Additional References for Modelling and Critical Load Calculations

Canadian References:

Metals:

Doyle, P.J., D.W. Gutzman, M.I. Sheppard, S.C. Sheppard, G.A. Bird, and D. Hrebenyk, An ecological risk assessment of air emissions of trace metals from copper and zinc production facilities, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 9(2): 607-636, 2003.

ECOMatters Inc., Critical Load Modeling: Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn and As Emitted by Smelters and Refineries, Prepared in Support of the Priority Substances List Assessment of Releases from Copper and Zinc Smelters and Refineries, prepared for Environment Canada, February 1999.

Sulphur Dioxide:

Environment Canada, 2001 Annual Progress Report on the Canada-wide Acid Rain Strategy for Post-2000, December 2002.

Other References:

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Manual on Methodologies and Criteria for Mapping Critical Levels/Loads and Geographical Areas Where They Are Exceeded (http://www.umweltdaten.de/uid/manual/manual_mapping.pdf).

World Bank Group, Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook, 1998: Toward Cleaner Production, 1998.

More references on critical loads, mapping, and calculations can be found in a compilation of articles on the web site of Water, Air, & Soil Pollution: Focus

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