Guidance document for subfleet averaging and reporting for on-road motorcycles: chapter 2


2. General Scope of Subfleet Averaging Requirements

2.1 In brief, what are the main elements of the subfleet averaging requirements for on-road motorcycles?

The motorcycle emission standards set out in the Regulations provide companies the flexibility of certifying individual models of on-road motorcycles either to the applicable emission standards or to “family emission limits” (FELs).4 Companies opting to certify motorcycles to FELs may use emissions averaging as the basis for demonstrating compliance with the Regulations.

The main elements of the Regulations associated with subfleet averaging requirements for on-road motorcycles are

  • exhaust and evaporative emission standards;
  • FELs and subfleet averaging;
  • the calculation of the subfleet average emission values;
  • the generation of hydrocarbon + nitrogen oxide (HC+NOx) emission credits and deficits;
  • the submission, by the company, of end of model year reports; and
  • the retention, by the company, of various associated records.

Environment Canada monitors compliance with subfleet averaging via the end of model year report that all companies are required to submit pursuant to the Regulations.

2.2 Who is required to comply with the subfleet averaging requirements of the Regulations for motorcycles, including the requirements for end of model year reporting?

The motorcycle exhaust and evaporative emission standards apply to “companies” in respect of their individual motorcycles or their motorcycle “subfleets”.

Pursuant to the definition in section 149 of CEPA 1999, a “company” means “a person who

  1. is engaged in the business of manufacturing vehicles, engines or equipment in Canada;
  2. is engaged in the business of selling to other persons, for the purpose of resale by those persons, vehicles, engines or equipment obtained directly from a person described in paragraph (a) or the agent of such person; or
  3. imports any vehicle, engine or equipment into Canada for the purpose of sale.”

As indicated in section 32.1 of the Regulations, “subfleet” means “motorcycles of a specific model year that have a family emission limit and that a company manufactures in Canada, or imports into Canada, for the purpose of sale to the first retail purchaser”.

2.3 A company may import into Canada more than one brand of motorcycles for the purpose of sale to the first retail purchaser. Do subfleet averaging requirements apply individually to each brand of motorcycles imported into Canada by a given company and for a given model year?

No. As indicated above, a subfleet comprises motorcycles that a company manufactures in Canada, or imports into Canada, for the purpose of sale to the first retail purchaser. Accordingly, a given “company's subfleet” can include all brands of motorcycles that a company imports into Canada for the purpose of sale to the first retail purchaser. Alternatively, a company may divide its different brands into separate subfleets and report on that basis, provided that all applicable motorcycles that are part of the broader subfleet are included in the company's annual reporting.

4 Family emission limits are addressed in Chapter 4 of this document.

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