Substance prohibition summary for PFOA, long-chain PFCAs and related substances

Perfluorooctanoic acid, which has the molecular formula C7F15CO2H, its salts, and its precursors (PFOA) and Perfluorocarboxylic acids that have the molecular formula CnF2n+1CO2H in which 8 ≤ n ≤ 20, their salts, and their precursors (LC-PFCAs) and products containing them are subject to the Prohibition of Certain Toxic Substances Regulations, 2012 as amended in 2016, under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999.

Prohibited activities

The regulations prohibit the import, manufacture, use, sale and offer for sale of PFOA and LC-PFCAs, and products containing PFOA and/or LC-PFCAs, with a limited number of exemptions. This prohibition is in effect as of December 23rd, 2016, which is when the regulations come into force.


The regulations do not prohibit:


Laboratory uses

See also

More information on the Prohibition of Certain Toxic Substances Regulations, 2012 can be found on the CEPA registry.

More information

Inquiries on the prohibition regulations can be made by emailing or by phoning the Environment and Climate Change Canada inquiry centre at:

1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only) or 819-938-3860
Fax: 819-938-9423


This factsheet is not to be construed as a legal document. Any discrepancy between this document and the Canada Gazette, Part II (CGII) published text and/or the Justice Canada regulatory text, the CGII and Justice Canada text prevails. 

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