Goal 9: Foster innovation and green infrastructure in Canada

Why this goal is important

This Goal's focus on fostering innovation and green infrastructure in Canada directly supports several SDG Global Indicator Framework targets.

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This Goal's focus on fostering innovation and green infrastructure in Canada directly supports several SDG Global Indicator Framework targets:

  • 9.1: Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
  • 9.2: Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry's share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries
  • 9.4: By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes

Canada's industrial sector is a major driver of economic activity, including income, jobs and exports. While industry is a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada, many sectors are taking action to green their industries. For example, between 2008 and 2019, Canada's aviation industry improved its fuel efficiency by 17.8% through actions such as fleet renewal and operational improvements. Canadian ports are also taking action to reduce emissions, including investing in green infrastructure and pursuing the creation of green shipping corridors.

Green infrastructure plays a key role in conserving natural resources and addressing climate change impacts by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and pollution. Upgrading infrastructure and retrofitting industries is part of a more sustainable approach, and investing in green infrastructure, such as low-carbon transportation, climate-resilient and energy efficient buildings and clean energy, helps build healthy and resilient communities, protects against a changing climate, promotes environmental sustainability, drives economic growth and supports a net-zero economy.

As climate change continues, green infrastructure will be increasingly important to sustain economic, environmental and social well-being. For instance, a growing network of zero-emission vehicle chargers will make low-carbon transportation options more accessible to Canadians. At the same time, natural infrastructure such as conserved and restored wetlands and marshes can help prevent climate change impacts such as flash floods and support the conservation and recovery of wild species, including species at risk.

Meanwhile, investing in innovation supports the transition to a net-zero economy while increasing Canada's competitiveness. Innovation can have benefits in areas such as water, air quality, plastic waste and biodiversity, including through increased adoption of clean energy technology, increased resource efficiency and increased demand for low-carbon materials. Research, development and demonstration continues to be needed to develop new technologies and integrate them into existing systems, and to lower capital costs of solutions nearing commercial scale. Sustained innovation over the next decade and beyond will be critical to reduce the costs of technologies and processes that could enable substantial emissions cuts beyond 2030 and support future economic competitiveness.

How the Government of Canada contributes

While the federal government owns approximately 3% of the country's infrastructure, it plays a major role in funding, regulating and setting policies and standards for infrastructure projects.

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The Government of Canada recognizes the importance of green and resilient infrastructure to achieve a net zero-economy by 2050.

In the spring and summer of 2021, the government led an engagement process on Canada's first-ever national infrastructure assessment and is considering this advice in launching this initiative. The National Infrastructure Assessment will provide an evidence-based and expert-driven assessment of Canada's infrastructure needs over the coming decades to tackle climate change, support the quality of life for Canadians, and enable the country's economy to flourish.

The government has also launched the Green and Inclusive Community Buildings program, which aims to improve energy efficiency in existing buildings and support the construction of new net-zero carbon ones, particularly in areas with populations with higher needs. This 5-year program will support the construction and adaptation of community buildings across Canada to reduce carbon emissions, advance greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation measures, and encourage best practices in building design for climate change resilience.

Natural Infrastructure Fund

The Government of Canada has established the Natural Infrastructure Fund to support natural and hybrid infrastructure projects to further Canada's commitment to climate change resilience while contributing to national biodiversity goals and targets. The program is being implemented through a two-stream approach that supports projects of diverse sizes, which will increase the use and awareness of the opportunities for natural or hybrid infrastructure to deliver multiple community services and co-benefits.

To lay the foundation for a net-zero buildings sector, the government committed to develop a national net zero by 2050 buildings strategy, the Canada Green Buildings Strategy. The strategy will build off existing initiatives and set out new policies, programs, incentives and standards needed to drive a massive retrofit of the existing building stock, and construction to the highest zero carbon standards, while strengthening the climate resilience of the sector. Actions related to the net-zero building sector can be found in Goal 7 under the energy efficiency theme.

Green bonds

In March 2022, the Government of Canada issued its first-ever green bond. The inaugural issuance is a 7.5 year, $5 billion green bond, the first of many issuances. Green bonds are a specific type of bond in which the proceeds are used exclusively to fund projects with environmental and climate benefits. These investments will be used for projects such as green infrastructure, clean tech innovations, nature conservation, while also growing Canada's economy and creating new, good-paying jobs across the country.

The deployment of innovative and efficient technologies and processes remains critical to unlocking transformational change and achieving decarbonisation in Canada. Industrial emission reduction is essential for Canada to stay competitive and requires investment by and partnership with all levels of government.

To support innovation and clean technologies, the federal government is proposing to establish the Canada Growth Fund to attract private sector investments, reduce emissions, invest in low-carbon industries and support the restructuring of critical supply chains. Meanwhile, the Strategic Innovation Fund's Net Zero Accelerator is investing $8 billion in support of projects targeting technology adoption or development in 3 priority areas: decarbonization of large emitters, shifting Canada's industrial base in sectors such as automotive and aerospace towards a low-carbon model, and development of clean technologies, including a battery ecosystem. Further, at the COP26 climate summit in 2021, Canada joined 22 countries to commit to advance ambitious actions to reduce international aviation emissions and joined 19 countries committed to establish zero-emission green shipping corridors.

In addition, the government has committed to introduce a new Buy Clean Strategy to support and prioritize the use of made-in-Canada low-carbon products in Canadian infrastructure projects.

The government has put in place several tax measures to support the adoption of clean technologies. It has expanded Classes 43.1 and 43.2 to include more properties eligible for an accelerated capital cost allowance for investments in specified clean energy generation and energy conservation equipment. The government has also introduced a measure to reduce corporate income tax rates for qualifying zero-emission technology manufacturers. Finally, the government has proposed to establish an investment tax credit of up to 30%, focused on net-zero technologies, battery storage solutions, and clean hydrogen.

Sustainable Development Technology Canada helps Canadian companies develop and deploy clean technology innovations by delivering critical funding support and promoting the development of a robust Canadian market. Since its inception in 2001, Sustainable Development Technology Canada has committed approximately $1.38 billion to almost 540 projects. The Strengthened Climate Plan included continued support to Sustainable Development Technology Canada with an additional $750 million to support start-ups and to scale-up companies to enable pre-commercial clean technologies to successfully demonstrate feasibility as well as to support early commercialization efforts.

Finally, to advance a critical pathway in Canada's transition to a net-zero economy, Canada is supporting the development and deployment of Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies, including through research, development, and deployment funding support and laboratory research as well as the development of a CCUS Strategy and a CCUS Investment Tax Credit.

The Clean Growth Hub

The Clean Growth Hub is a whole-of-government focal point for clean technology focused on supporting companies and projects, coordinating programs and tracking results. It helps clean technology developers and adopters identify the federal programs and services most relevant to their needs, simplifying access to government programs and reducing duplication of effort. Services are available to firms of all sizes in the clean technology space and across all sectors of the economy.

Sustainable finance

Sustainable finance refers to the incorporation of climate and environmental considerations throughout financial decision making. In turn, this enables the mobilization and alignment of private sector investments in climate and environmental objectives. In May 2021, the Government of Canada launched the Sustainable Finance Action Council (SFAC) to help lead the Canadian financial sector towards integrating sustainable finance into standard industry practice. SFAC will make recommendations on critical market infrastructure, with an initial focus on climate-related financial disclosure, green and transition investment standards, and climate data for the financial sector.

In Budget 2022, the Government of Canada announced that the SFAC will develop and report on strategies for aligning private sector capital with the transition to net-zero, with support from the Canadian Climate Institute and in consultation with the Net-Zero Advisory Body. It also announced that the federal government is committed to moving towards mandatory reporting of climate-related financial risks across a broad spectrum of the Canadian economy, based on the international Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) framework.

Subsequently, in May 2022, the Sustainable Finance Action Council Terms of Reference were updated, seeking advice on a variety of issues. These include: aligning private sector investment with the transition to net-zero and developing a net zero capital allocation plan; highlighting the remaining obstacles to bringing mandated climate-related financial disclosure into the mainstream in Canada; and, coordinating input to the global baseline standards of the of the International Sustainability Standards Board and adopting the standards in Canada.

Canada's Crown corporations will also demonstrate climate leadership by adopting the TCFD standards, or complying with more rigorous and acceptable standards as applicable to the public sector at time of disclosure, as an element of their corporate reporting. To ensure Crown corporations are transparent about issues that matter to Canadians, Budget 2021 announced that Crown corporations are required to implement gender and diversity reporting beginning in 2022.

Recognizing the importance of nature, the Government of Canada has joined the Task Force on Nature-related Financial Disclosures, which will provide a similar framework to the TCFD, but with an aim to support corporate and financial institutions to assess, manage and report on their dependencies and impacts on nature.

The federal government welcomed the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Foundation's selection of Montreal to host one of the two central offices of the new International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB). The government is committed to supporting the start-up of the Montreal office and positioning Canada as a leader in sustainability reporting.

Thawing permafrost in Canada's Arctic coastal communities

Warming caused by climate change will have a disproportionate impact on infrastructure in Canada's Arctic coastal communities due to the thawing of permafrost. Permafrost is a layer of earth beneath the surface that remains frozen for more than 2 consecutive years. As permafrost thaws, it can cause the surface to shift and destabilize. This in turn causes the foundation of buildings and other forms of infrastructure such as roads and airports to sink and crack, impacts water flow and absorption, and leaves shorelines more susceptible to erosion from wave activity. In regions such as Nunavut, where infrastructure has been designed specifically for stable permafrost conditions, significant investments will be needed to meet the infrastructure challenges posed by climate change.

Stakeholder perspective: Upcycled onions

The circular economy offers tremendous opportunities to turn waste into a new economic resource! In southern Ontario, the RePurpose Incubator - a program within Circular Opportunity Innovation Launchpad (COIL) - successfully identified a new upcycled value chain for 6,000 megatonnes of onion byproduct that was going to waste. Through several months of research, nutritional and environmental analysis as well as workshops, it was determined that an upcycled concentrated onion juice would be the highest-value economic and environmental opportunity that would address a previously-unidentified gap in the market. This innovative value chain has the potential—when fully implemented—to generate additional value of $1.7 million per year. Also, the upcycled product will return 897,000 meal equivalents to the food system, and reduce (Scope 3) greenhouse gas emissions by about 795 tonnes per year of carbon dioxide equivalent based on the footprint used to grow the onions.

Source: Circular Opportunity Innovation Launchpad

Additional context and updates regarding this goal

Targets, indicators, milestones and contextual indicators

Targets, indicators, milestones and contextual indicators

Theme:  Green infrastructure and innovation

Target: SD tech fund (1)

By 2023 and each year thereafter until 2026, 30% of Sustainable Development Technology Canada's portfolio of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually (Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry)

Indicator (i)

Percentage of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies commercialized (revenue derived from project technology)

This indicator tracks the percentage of SD Tech Fund supported technologies commercialized (revenue derived from project technology). As of March 31, 2021, 32% of Sustainable Development Technology Canada's supported technologies have been commercialized. Commercialized projects represent those that have entered or were ready to enter the market, as of March 31 of the given fiscal year.

Target: Electric vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations (1)

By March 31, 2026, 34,500 new electric vehicle chargers and 25 hydrogen refueling stations are completed where Canadians, live, work and play, including in public places, on-street, at multi-unit residential buildings, rural and remote locations and the workplace (Minister of Natural Resources)

Indicator (i)

Number of zero-emission vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations completed

This indicator tracks the number of chargers and hydrogen refueling stations completed along major highways, and in rural and urban areas across Canada as a result of investments committed to in four previous budgets between 2016 to 2021. As of 2016, when electric vehicle and hydrogen refuelling infrastructure deployment programming was initiated, no Government of Canada funded chargers and stations were in place.

Target: New zero emission vehicle chargers and refueling stations (1)

By March 31, 2027, contribute to the deployment of 50,000 new zero-emission vehicle chargers and refueling stations (Minister of Natural Resources)

Indicator (i)

The indicator below tracks the results of additional investments made through Budget 2022 to Natural Resources Canada and the Canada Infrastructure Bank to expand Canada's network of zero-emission vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations.

Number of zero-emission vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations added to Canada's network

This indicator will track the number of chargers and hydrogen refueling stations added across Canada as a result of investments announced in Budget 2022 for Natural Resources Canada and the Canada Infrastructure Bank. No baseline data is available given this is new funding announced in 2022. Natural Resources Canada will report on the results of this indicator in collaboration with the Canada Infrastructure Bank.

Target: Green infrastructure (1)

By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada Plan will reach $27.6 billion (Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities)

Indicator (i)

Value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada Plan

This indicator tracks the Green Infrastructure Stream portion of the funding from the Investing in Canada Plan, which includes greenhouse gas mitigation, adaptation, resilience and disaster mitigation and environmental quality. As of April 29, 2022, 70% ($19.4 billion) has been committed to approved projects under the Green Infrastructure Stream of the Investing in Canada Plan.

Short-term milestone: Demonstrate electric and hydrogen vehicle infrastructure (1)

By the end of 2024, complete 5 to 8 demonstration projects to address barriers and create innovative solutions related to the implementation of electric and hydrogen vehicle infrastructure.

Short-term milestone: Publish national model codes (1)

By the end of 2025, on behalf of the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes, publish new versions of national model construction codes (National Building Code of Canada, National Fire Code of Canada, National Plumbing Code, and National Energy Code of Canada for Buildings). These new versions will continue to support adopting increasingly stringent model codes leading to adopting net-zero energy codes.

Short-term milestone: Deliver standardization strategies (1)

By the end of 2026, more than 30 standardization strategies will be delivered under the Standards Council of Canada's renewed Standards to Support Resilience in Infrastructure Program (2021 to 2026), to boost infrastructure resilience and create stronger communities for Canadians.

Short-term milestone: Enable new and revised codes, standards and guidelines and decision support tools for climate-resilient infrastructure (1)

By the end of 2026, enable additional climate change resiliency considerations to be incorporated into 3 Canadian Codes (National Building Code, Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code, and Canadian Electrical Code), and develop 4 new standards for resilient infrastructure, decision support tools for designing and manufacturing public infrastructure, and new guidance documents in flooding infrastructure and nature-based solutions.

Short-term milestone: Support research, development and demonstration of carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies (1)

By the end of 2026, support 65 to 100 research, development and demonstration projects related to CCUS technologies.

Contextual indicator: Average percentage growth in research and development expenditures over pre-project baseline for Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF) projects in their work phase (i)

The indicator consists of a calculation of the growth rate of R&D expenditures, from a 3-year pre-project baseline, to a point in time during a project's work phase. This growth rate is then averaged across SIF projects. For the FSDS, this rate will be produced only for a subset of SIF projects (for example, the cleantech projects where it is applicable). The SIF Net-Zero Accelerator initiative was just recently launched and projects are in their early stages. Preliminary data are expected for FY2022-23.

Contextual indicator: Capital expenditures directly related to Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF)-funded clean technology adoption projects (i)

On-project capital expenditures (CAPEX) will be measured for all SIF clients; this indicator will report specifically on on-project CAPEX for SIF projects that focus on cleantech adoption (for example, large emitter projects). The SIF Net-Zero Accelerator initiative was just recently launched and projects are in their early stages. Preliminary data are expected for FY2022-23.

Contextual indicator: Greenhouse gas emissions per dollar of value-added from the production of infrastructure assets (i)

This indicator tracks the greenhouse gas emissions per value-added of infrastructure construction. In 2020, the greenhouse gas emissions per value added in Canada for all assets was 0.3862 tonnes per thousand dollars.

Contextual indicator: Percentage of SIF projects that result in intellectual property (IP) protection (i)

SIF projects are on average around 3 to 5 years long (that is, the work phase is 3 to 5 years long). This indicator looks at the percentage of SIF-supported firms that, between 3 and 6 years following the beginning of their work phase, have filed for IP protection related to their project (that is, have sought IP protection for a project-related innovation). For the FSDS, the calculation of this indicator will be restricted to SIF-supported clean tech projects. The SIF Net-Zero Accelerator initiative was just recently launched and projects are in their early stages. Preliminary data are expected for FY2022-23.

Contextual indicator: Value of investments leveraged in clean technologies (i)

This indicator tracks the value of additional investments (public and private) that clean technology innovation projects receive as a result of funding from Sustainable Development Technology Canada. As of March 31, 2021, Sustainable Development Technology Canada had achieved a co-investment ratio of $2.60 per $1.00 invested.

Implementation strategies and departmental actions

Implementation strategies and departmental actions

Theme: Green infrastructure and innovation 

Implementation strategy: Invest in the deployment of electric vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations (1)

Support the deployment of zero-emission vehicle charging infrastructure in support of the commitment to add 34,500 new electric vehicle chargers and 25 hydrogen refueling stations along major highways, freight corridors, key metropolitan centres, and in public places, on-street, at apartment buildings, retail outlets, and the workplace.

Implementation strategy: Invest in the deployment of zero-emission vehicle and refueling infrastructure (1)

Support the deployment of large-scale zero-emission vehicle charging and refueling infrastructure in support of the commitment to add 50,000 new electric vehicle chargers and hydrogen stations to Canada's network.

Implementation strategy: Develop and implement climate-resilient codes and standards (1)

Develop, update and implement national model construction codes for energy-efficient buildings, and codes, standards, and guidance for improved climate resilience of new and existing core public infrastructure.

Implementation strategy: Invest in green infrastructure (1)

Support and adopt green infrastructure, natural infrastructure projects to mitigate and adapt to climate change, protect the natural environment and drive the economy.

Implementation strategy: Invest in deployment and adoption of clean technologies (1)

Support innovative clean technologies ready for deployment at commercial scale to strengthen Canadian innovation capacity, support small and medium sized clean technology companies to take Canadian ideas to market, and accelerate adoption of clean technologies across all sectors of the economy.

Implementation strategy: Invest in research, development and demonstration of clean technologies (1)

Support innovative projects and clean technologies across the economy, including in the heavy industry, life sciences, building materials, automotive, aerospace and agriculture sectors, to stimulate innovation and reduce domestic greenhouse gas emissions.

Implementation strategy: Attract and scale up sustainable finance in Canada (1)

Continue to take policy action to foster growth of a sustainable finance market in Canada.

Implementation strategy: Develop knowledge of clean technologies (1)

Develop understanding of the impact and benefits of clean technologies on the Canadian economy to ensure evidence-based policies and programs.

Implementation strategy: Implement the National Standards Strategy (1)

Engage stakeholders on key related standardization priority areas including climate change, mitigation, adaptation and resilience, as well as environmental, social and corporate governance. Engagements will occur through existing programs as well as the implementation of the newly approved National Standards Strategy.

Implementation strategy: Implement the National Standards Strategy (1)

Engage stakeholders on key related standardization priority areas including climate change, mitigation, adaptation and resilience, as well as environmental, social and corporate governance. Engagements will occur through existing programs as well as the implementation of the newly approved National Standards Strategy.

Responsibilities and contributions of federal organizations

Responsibilities and contributions of federal organizations

1Target theme: Green infrastructure and innovation
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target By 2023 and each year thereafter until 2026, 30% of Sustainable Development Technology Canada’s portfolio of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually Supports the goal Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Target By March 31, 2026, 34,500 new electric vehicle chargers and 25 hydrogen refueling stations are completed where Canadians, live, work and play, including in public places, on-street, at multi-unit residential buildings, rural and remote locations and the workplace Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources
Target By March 31, 2027, contribute to the deployment of 50,000 new zero-emission vehicle chargers and refueling stations Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources, in collaboration with the Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities
Target By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada Plan will reach $27.6 billion Supports the goal Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities
Milestone Demonstrate electric and hydrogen vehicle infrastructure Supports the goal and the Electric Vehicle Chargers and Hydrogen Refueling Stations Target, and the New Zero Emission vehicle Chargers and Refuelling Stations Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Publish national model codes Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target National Research Council of Canada
Milestone Deliver standardization strategies Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target Standards Council of Canada
Milestone Enable new and revised codes, standards and guidelines and decision support tools for climate-resilient infrastructure Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target National Research Council of Canada
Milestone Support research, development and demonstration of carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in the deployment of electric vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations Supports the goal and the Electric Vehicle Chargers and Hydrogen Refueling Stations Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in the deployment of zero emission vehicles and refueling infrastructure Supports the goal and the New Zero Emission Vehicle Chargers and Refuelling Stations Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Develop and implement climate-resilient codes and standards Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target

Infrastructure Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Standards Council of Canada

Implementation Strategy Invest in green infrastructure Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target

Infrastructure Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Implementation Strategy Invest in deployment and adoption of clean technologies Supports the goal and the SD Tech Fund Target

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Implementation Strategy Invest in research, development and demonstration of clean technologies Supports the goal and the SD Tech Fund Target

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Attract and scale up sustainable finance in Canada Supports the goal

Department of Finance

Canada Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation Strategy Develop knowledge of clean technologies Supports the goal

Employment and Social Development Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Implementation Strategy Implement the National Standards Strategy Supports the goal Standards Council of Canada
Implementation Strategy Support voluntary action to adopt clean technologies Supports the goal Department of Finance Canada

Performance measurement

iIndicators supporting the goal and contextual indicators
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2023 and each year thereafter until 2026, 30% of Sustainable Development Technology Canada’s portfolio of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually Percentage of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies commercialized (revenue derived from project technology) Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Target By March 31, 2026, 34,500 new electric vehicle chargers and 25 hydrogen refueling stations are completed where Canadians, live, work and play, including in public places, on-street, at multi-unit residential buildings, rural and remote locations and the workplace Number of zero-emission vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations completed Natural Resources Canada Annual
Target By March 31, 2027, contribute to the deployment of 50,000 new zero-emission vehicle chargers and refueling stations Number of zero-emission vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations added to Canada’s network Natural Resources Canada, in collaboration with Canada Infrastructure Bank Annual
Target By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada Plan will reach $27.6 billion Value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada plan Infrastructure Canada Annual
Contextual Average percentage growth in R&D expenditures over pre-project baseline for Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF) projects in their work phase Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Capital expenditures directly related to SIF-funded clean technology adoption projects Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Greenhouse gas emissions per dollar of value-added from the production of infrastructure assets * Infrastructure Canada Annual
Percentage of Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF) projects that result in intellectual property (IP) protection Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Value of investments leveraged in clean technologies Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual

*Indicators that have also been included in the Canadian Indicator Framework.

For more detailed information see Strengthening transparency and accountability.

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