Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change second annual report: section 7

6.0 Reporting and oversight

Measurement and reporting on emissions

Under the PCF, federal, provincial and territorial governments committed to collaborate through the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) to track and report GHG emissions in a consistent way across the country, to monitor progress of the PCF, and to support international reporting obligations.

In 2018, CCME undertook collaborative work with federal, provincial and territorial representatives to improve both GHG emissions projections and how information about these projections is communicated. To support these objectives, internal guidance documents for use by FPT governments on modelling technological change and communicating projections uncertainty were completed. Good progress was also made on other collaborative projects through CCME, including emissions inventories, GHG offsets, international mitigation measures, government leadership, and infrastructure resilience.

Reporting on implementation

Reporting on implementation remains a collaborative process shared by federal, provincial and territorial governments. Tracking progress on implementation remains a priority, especially going forward as PCF actions are implemented and emissions reduction outcomes can be measured. In 2018, the Expert Panel on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Results concluded its work to advise the government with the release of its report “Measuring Progress on Adaptation and Climate Resilience: Recommendations to the Government of Canada.” As well, the FPT Working Group on Clean Technology Data supported the development of the Clean Technology Data Strategy, which has led to Statistics Canada releasing national clean technology data, with the second release due in December 2018.

Federal, provincial and territorial governments worked collaboratively through the CCME to identify indicators, based on existing climate change reporting across governments that can be used to monitor the implementation of complementary actions to reduce GHG emissions. Indicators were chosen based on FPT data availability and salience of the indicator. However, at the time the 2018 Synthesis Report was drafted, data required for the indicators was only available up to 2016, prior to the release of the PCF. Therefore this report introduces the indicators that will be used in future years to measure the efficacy of PCF action items but does not present any data. The indicators are as follows:

PCF measure Identified indicators
3.0 Complementary actions to reduce emissions
  • total annual greenhouse gas emissions by economic sector
3.1 Electricity
  • electricity sector greenhouse gas emissions by fuel type
  • emissions intensity of electricity supply by fuel type
  • electricity generation by fuel type
3.2 Built environment
  • trend in absolute emissions from the built environment sector
3.3 Transportation
  • trend in absolute emissions from the transportation sector
  • total emissions from road vehicles, greenhouse gas emissions from off-road transportation
  • emissions intensity of vehicle fleet, divided by light and heavy duty vehicles
  • zero-emission vehicle sales as a percentage of total new light duty vehicles sales
  • increase in electric charging and alternative fuelling stations infrastructure
  • domestic aviation emissions
  • domestic railway emissions
  • domestic maritime emissions
3.4 Industry
  • trend in absolute emissions from heavy industry
  • greenhouse gas emissions from heavy industry, by sub-sector
  • tracking methane emissions reductions
  • adoption of energy management systems
3.5 Forestry, agriculture and waste
  • absolute emissions from forestry, agriculture and waste
  • area reforested
  • emissions sequestered through forestry and land use activities
  • number of non-traditional wood-based buildings and infrastructure projects
  • greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture
  • greenhouse gas emissions from waste by source
  • landfill gas flaring for beneficial use
3.6 Government leadership
  • change in greenhouse gas emissions from government operations over time
  • percentage of the Government of Canada vehicle fleet composed of zero-emission vehicles and hybrids

Analysis and advice

In order to ensure actions taken by governments are effective and decisions are informed by science and evidence, the Government of Canada will identify an organization to provide informed advice to governments and Canadians and identify best practices to support ambitious climate action. The advice will help inform our continuing work with provinces, territories, Indigenous Peoples, and other partners. It will also help Canada reach its goals under the Paris Agreement and increase its ambition in line with commitments under the Agreement. Budget 2018 committed $20 million over five years to support this goal.

Review

The PCF includes a commitment for a review of the overall approach to pricing carbon pollution by early 2022 to confirm the path forward. An interim report will also be completed in 2020, which will be reviewed and assessed by First Ministers. As an early deliverable for this review, in 2018 progress was made in the review of best practices to address risks to competitiveness and carbon leakage from carbon pollution pricing in emissions-intensive, trade-exposed sectors.

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