About the Environmental Enforcement Act

The Environmental Enforcement Act (EEA) strengthened and harmonized enforcement regimes in the following nine acts:

The EEA enhanced the fine regime under each act, adding tailored ranges of fines for different categories of offenders and introducing minimum fines and higher maximum fines for serious offences. In addition, the EEA introduced a common, strong set of sentencing principles and enhanced the toolkit available to enforcement officers, including expanded use of compliance orders and a new public registry of corporate offenders.

The EEA also established a new enforcement tool - administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) - through the enactment of the Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Act (EVAMPA). AMPs are penalties designed to create a financial disincentive to non-compliance with designated legislative requirements and are an administrative alternative to other enforcement measures which may not be effective or available in all situations.

Coming into force

The implementation of the EEA has taken place in stages.

Stage one: December 10, 2010

Stage two: June 22, 2012

Stage three:

June 2017

July 2017

First Review 

December 2020

June 2021

December 2021

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