Compliance and enforcement policy for wildlife legislation: chapter 1

Compliance and Enforcement


Compliance and enforcement activities are an integral part of wildlife and habitat conservation and protection programs. The present document provides direction to all enforcement staff to help them to plan and carry out their daily responsibilities to meet the challenges of tomorrow.

The policy statement also provides information to all stakeholders. This statement will help the public to understand what the EC compliance and enforcement policy for wildlife legislation and its program are, why they are needed, and how they are carried out. To this end, it outlines the objectives, goals and principles in the key areas of compliance, monitoring and enforcement.

The policy statement is the framework within which plans, directives and procedures are developed and decisions are made. It is the basis on which the wildlife compliance and enforcement program and its personnel as individuals are held accountable.


The objective of this policy is to contribute to the conservation and protection of wildlife and their habitat in an effective, efficient, and fair manner by ensuring that wildlife legislation and regulations for which EC is responsible are implemented.


The overall aim of the Compliance and Enforcement Policy for Wildlife Legislation is to apply the provisions of the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, the Canada Wildlife Act, the Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act and the Species at Risk Act in a consistent and fair manner. To this end, EC carries out compliance and enforcement activities and cooperates and coordinates activities with other enforcement partners.

In addition to investigation and enforcement per se, EC carries out activities in such fields as public education and awareness, compliance monitoring, and prevention of illegal activities.

The government of Canada realizes that legislation, regulation and enforcement will continue to play essential roles in the achievement of our environmental objectives.

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