Western toad (Bufo boreas) COSEWIC assessment and status report: chapter 13


We would like to thank Ron Brooks, David Green, Tom Herman, and Don Rivard for reviewing an earlier draft of this report. R. C. Brodie, F. R. Cook, J. Crayon, C. Davidson, C. Houwers, T. Dickinson, G. Fellers, P. Friele, K. Larsen, C. Loeffler, S.Morey, K. Ovaska, C. Paszkowski, K. Richter, and W. Roberts provided information on toad observations and calling. Thanks to P. Bartelt, P. Bartier, B. Beasley, S. Corn, A. Davidson, T. Davis, B. Eaton, R. Frankin, L. Friis, T. Giermakowski, D. Green, L. Gyug, L. Halverson, B. Harper, R. Haycock, P. Hengeveld, M. Jones, L. Karstad, S. Kinsey, B. Matsuda, D. Olson, B. Slough, J. Steciw, C. Stevens, G. Sutherland, M. Thompson, D. Wake, P. Zevit, the Alberta Conservation Association, the American Museum of Natural History, Berkeley Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, CAS Herpetological Holdings (Including Stanford University Collections), the Cowan Vertebrate Museum at UBC, Field Museum of Natural History, Museum of Natural History at the University of Kansas, the Nature Museum of Canada, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Royal B.C. Museum, Royal Ontario Museum, the Smithsonian Institution, and the US Nature Museum for their contributions via reports, Western Toad records, and/or museum information. Jeff Jundt and Ralph Tramontano, from the North American Reporting Center for Amphibian Malformations, provided information on malformations and the North American distribution map for B. boreas. Pamela Hengeveld and R. Chris Brodie provided toad photos for the report.

Funding for this status report provided by the Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada.

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