Recovery Strategy for the Blanding's Turtle, Nova Scotia Population, in Canada [proposed] 2011: References

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Arsenault, L. (In progress). Headstarting Blanding's turtles (Emydoidea blandingii) in Nova Scotia: An investigation of artificial incubation, captive raising, and release to natural habitats. MSc thesis in progress, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS.

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McNeil, J.M. (2002). Distribution, movements, morphology and reproduction in a population of Blanding's turtle (Emydoidea blandingii)in an unprotected landscape in southwest Nova Scotia. MSc thesis. Acadia University, Wolfville, NS.

Mockford, S.W., Snyder, M. and Herman, T.B. (1999). A preliminary examination of genetic variation in a peripheral population of Blanding's turtle, Emydoidea blandingii. Molecular Ecology 8: 323-327.

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A strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is conducted on all SARA recovery planning documents, in accordance with the Cabinet Directive on the Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals. The purpose of a SEA is to incorporate environmental considerations into the development of public policies, plans, and program proposals to support environmentally sound decision-making.

Recovery planning is intended to benefit species at risk and biodiversity in general. However, it is recognized that strategies may also inadvertently lead to environmental effects beyond the intended benefits. The planning process based on national guidelines directly incorporates consideration of all environmental effects, with a particular focus on possible impacts upon non-target species or habitats. The results of the SEA are incorporated directly into the strategy itself, but are also summarized below in this statement.

Overall, it is anticipated that the approaches outlined in this recovery strategy will have a beneficial impact on non-target species (other species at risk and those not at risk), ecological processes, and the environment. Management is likely to include protection of wetland habitat. This has the potential to benefit many wetland species, including some that are at risk. In Nova Scotia, the distribution and habitats of Blanding's turtles overlap considerably with that of the Threatened eastern ribbonsnake. There are also a number of Atlantic Coastal Plain Flora species at risk that occur in similar wetlands. There are examples, such as the water pennywort, where the habitats of Atlantic Coastal Plain Flora species overlap with those of Blanding's turtles. Where other species at risk coexist with Blanding's turtles, recovery and conservation initiatives outlined in this strategy will be coordinated with other recovery teams. It will ensure that actions are mutually beneficial and not detrimental to other species at risk.

Stewardship actions, educational programs and awareness initiatives with landowners, Aboriginal organizations, and the general public; all levels of government; industry; and other audiences; will lead to increased understanding, appreciation of, and concrete action towards the conservation of wetlands and the recovery of species at risk in general. The Blanding's turtle, eastern ribbonsnake and Atlantic Coastal Plain Flora recovery teams regularly collaborate on a number of outreach projects. A best practices guide for landowners with species at risk on their property has been developed to help encourage stewardship of all wetland species at risk on private lands and inform landowners of ways to minimize their impacts on these species.

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