Few-flowered club-rush and bashful bulrush (Trichophorum planifolium) recovery strategy 2007

Official title: Few-flowered Club-rush / Bashful Bulrush Recovery Strategy for the (Trichophorum planifolium)

Few-flowered Club-rush/

Bashful Bulrush InCanada

(Sprengel) Palla)

Photo courtesy of Tyler Smith

Tyler Smith


Carl Rothfels

  Royal Botanical


May 2007

Recovery Strategy for

Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful Bulrush (Trichophorum planifolium) in Canada

  May 2007



Under the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk (1996), the federal, provincial, and territorial governments agreed to work together on legislation, programs, and policies to protect wildlife species at risk throughout Canada.

In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord, the Government of Ontario has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the Recovery Strategy for Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful Bulrush (Trichophorum planifolium) in Canada under Section 44 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). Details are provided in the addenda of this document.

This recovery strategy is the recovery strategy of the Minister of the Environment of Canada for this species.

May 2007


Recommended Citation

Smith, T.W. and C.J. Rothfels. 2007.  Recovery Strategy for Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful Bulrush (Trichophorum planifolium (Sprengel) Palla) in Canada.  Prepared for the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources by the Royal Botanical Gardens.  Hamilton.  vi + 22 pp.

Additional copies:  

Additional copies can be downloaded from the SARA Public Registry (www.sararegistry.gc.ca/)

Cover photo: Tyler Smith

Également disponible en français sous le titre

« Programme de rétablissement du trichophore à feuilles plates – scirpe timide (Trichophorum planifolium (Sprengel) Palla) au Canada »

Content (excluding the illustrations) may be used without permission, with appropriate credit to the source.

Responsible Jurisdictions

Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful bulrush occurs in the province of Ontario, and the recovery strategy was developed by the province.  The Canadian Wildlife Service - Ontario Region, on behalf of the competent minister (the Minister of the Environment), cooperated in the development of the recovery strategy.

Recovery Team Members and Associated Specialists


Tyler Smith (Chair)

Plant Science, McGill University

William J. Crins

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

Barb Davies


Emma Followes

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

Donald Kirk

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

Carl Rothfels

Royal Botanical Gardens

Melinda Thompson

Dougan & Associates

Steve Varga

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources


The Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful bulrush is under the management jurisdiction of the Ontario provincial government. 

The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species.  SARA Section 44(1) allows the Minister to adopt an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content and process (Sections 39-41).

The Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful bulrush was listed as Endangered under SARA in June 2003.  The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources led the development of this recovery strategy for the species in cooperation with the Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario Region, Environment Canada.  All responsible jurisdictions reviewed and acknowledged receipt of the strategy.  This recovery strategy was developed in consultation with the Royal Botanical Gardens and the Rouge Park, on behalf of the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority.


Invaluable assistance in the field was provided by Paul O’Hara, Erica Oberndorfer, Christine Thuring, Michael McMurtry, Barb Davies, Sean Spisani, Jenifer Sylvester, Jennifer Reader, Jessica Shearer and Elizabeth Rapacchietta.  The figures in this report were produced with the generous assistance of Margaret Walton.  This document benefited from the comments of several anonymous reviewers.

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