2018 Amendment to Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (bees and other terrestrial species)

A review of the potential environmental impacts from amendments to the list of species at risk under the Species at Risk Act published in the Canada Gazette.

This order amending Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (the Order) helps protect 13 terrestrial species at risk by adding them or by updating their designation on the list of species at risk. The objective of the Order is to protect species so they can recover.

Protecting species at risk in Canada helps to maintain biodiversity. Ecosystem function and services, such as natural pest control, pollination, temperature regulation and carbon fixing, can also be maintained by protecting species at risk. Ecosystem functions and services in turn are important to the health of Canadians and have important ties to Canada’s economy. Small changes in an ecosystem can result in the loss of individuals and species, which can lead to irreversible and wide-ranging effects.

The Order supports the following 2016 to 2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) goals:

It will also support the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) concerning SDG 15 Life on land and SDG 13 Climate action.

Table 1: Modifications to Schedule 1 of SARA

Species added to Schedule 1 of SARA (12)


Common name


American Badger jeffersonii subspecies, Eastern population


American Badger jeffersonii subspecies, Western population Endangered
Grizzly Bear, Western population Special concern
Wolverine Special concern


Common name


Western Toad, calling population

Special concern
Western Toad, non-calling population Special concern


Common name


Audouin’s Night-stalking Tiger Beetle

Gypsy Cuckoo Bumble Bee Endangered
Macropis Cuckoo Bee Endangered
Sable Island Sweat Bee Threatened
Yellow-banded Bumble Bee Special concern


Common name


Roell’s Brotherella Moss


Species proposed to be reclassified in Schedule 1 of SARA (1)


Common name


Barn Owl, Western population

Special concern to threatened

The economic impacts of making these modifications have been assessed and it was determined that they will have a low socio-economic impact (see Regulatory Analysis Impact Statement).

More information

The Species at Risk Act (SARA) provides protections to species at risk by:

Species can be added to the list of species at risk (Schedule 1 of SARA) under various designations, which depend on the severity of the risk of disappearance from the wild in Canada. Following listing, species designated as endangered, threatened or extirpated benefit from SARA’s general prohibitions, which include protections against the killing, harming or harassing and against damaging or destroying their residences (i.e. nests, burrows, etc.). SARA also requires recovery planning efforts to address threats to the survival or recovery of the listed species.

A special concern status in Schedule 1 of SARA does not trigger the general prohibitions. A management plan is developed. This includes conservation measures to preserve the wildlife species and avoid a future decline of its populations.

Species are reassessed by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) every 10 years. This is one of the ways to monitor the health of the species. Monitoring will also be done through the recovery plans or management plans to be developed for the species which must be reassessed every 5 years.



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