2018 Amendment to Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (bees and other terrestrial species)

A review of the potential environmental impacts from amendments to the list of species at risk under the Species at Risk Act published in the Canada Gazette.

This order amending Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (the Order) helps protect 13 terrestrial species at risk by adding them or by updating their designation on the list of species at risk. The objective of the Order is to protect species so they can recover.

Protecting species at risk in Canada helps to maintain biodiversity. Ecosystem function and services, such as natural pest control, pollination, temperature regulation and carbon fixing, can also be maintained by protecting species at risk. Ecosystem functions and services in turn are important to the health of Canadians and have important ties to Canada’s economy. Small changes in an ecosystem can result in the loss of individuals and species, which can lead to irreversible and wide-ranging effects.

The Order supports the following 2016 to 2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) goals:

  • Healthy wildlife populations: by providing protection for species at risk
  • Effective action on climate change: by supporting conservation, since many ecosystems play a key role in mitigating the impacts of climate change

It will also support the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) concerning SDG 15 Life on land and SDG 13 Climate action.

Table 1: Modifications to Schedule 1 of SARA

Species added to Schedule 1 of SARA (12)

Mammals

Common name

Status

American Badger jeffersonii subspecies, Eastern population

Endangered

American Badger jeffersonii subspecies, Western population Endangered
Grizzly Bear, Western population Special concern
Wolverine Special concern

Amphibians

Common name

Status

Western Toad, calling population

Special concern
Western Toad, non-calling population Special concern

Arthropods

Common name

Status

Audouin’s Night-stalking Tiger Beetle

Threatened
Gypsy Cuckoo Bumble Bee Endangered
Macropis Cuckoo Bee Endangered
Sable Island Sweat Bee Threatened
Yellow-banded Bumble Bee Special concern

Mosses

Common name

Status

Roell’s Brotherella Moss

Endangered

Species proposed to be reclassified in Schedule 1 of SARA (1)

Birds

Common name

Status

Barn Owl, Western population

Special concern to threatened

The economic impacts of making these modifications have been assessed and it was determined that they will have a low socio-economic impact (see Regulatory Analysis Impact Statement).

More information

The Species at Risk Act (SARA) provides protections to species at risk by:

  • preventing wildlife species from being extirpated or becoming extinct
  • providing for the recovery of wildlife species that are extirpated, endangered or threatened as a result of human activity and to manage species of special concern to prevent them from becoming endangered or threatened
  • responding to the advice of scientists

Species can be added to the list of species at risk (Schedule 1 of SARA) under various designations, which depend on the severity of the risk of disappearance from the wild in Canada. Following listing, species designated as endangered, threatened or extirpated benefit from SARA’s general prohibitions, which include protections against the killing, harming or harassing and against damaging or destroying their residences (i.e. nests, burrows, etc.). SARA also requires recovery planning efforts to address threats to the survival or recovery of the listed species.

A special concern status in Schedule 1 of SARA does not trigger the general prohibitions. A management plan is developed. This includes conservation measures to preserve the wildlife species and avoid a future decline of its populations.

Species are reassessed by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) every 10 years. This is one of the ways to monitor the health of the species. Monitoring will also be done through the recovery plans or management plans to be developed for the species which must be reassessed every 5 years.

 

 

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