Order Amending Schedule 1 to the Species at Risk Act

A review of the potential impacts of amendments to the list of species at risk under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as published in the Canada Gazette.

This Order Amending Schedule 1 of the SARA (the Order) helps protect 12 species at risk by adding them to the List of wildlife species at risk or by modifying their status. In addition, two species already on the List will have their name changed only. The objective of the Order is to protect species so they can recover. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) reassesses species every 10 years, which is one of the ways to monitor the health of the species. There will be monitoring through the recovery plans or management plans developed for the species and reassessed every 5 years.

The SARA provides protections to species at risk by:

Species are added to the list of species at risk (Schedule 1 of SARA) under various designations depending on the severity of the risk of their disappearance from the wild in Canada. Following listing, species designated as endangered, threatened or extirpated benefit from SARA’s general prohibitions, including protections against the killing, harming or harassing and against damaging or destroying their residences (i.e. nests, burrows, etc.). SARA also requires recovery planning efforts to address threats to the survival or recovery of the listed species, in the form of recovery strategies or action plans.

A special concern status in Schedule 1 of SARA does not trigger the general prohibitions, but requires a management plan to be developed. This plan includes conservation measures to preserve the wildlife species and avoid a future decline of its populations.

Table 1: Amendments to Schedule 1 of SARA

Common Species Name   Range   Amendment  
    Action Old Status New Status
False-foxglove Sun Moth
Ont. New Addition No Status Endangered
Acuteleaf Small Limestone Moss B.C. New Addition No Status Endangered
Quebec Rockcress Que. New Addition
No Status Endangered
Red-tailed Leafhopper  
(Great Lakes Plains population)
Ont. New Addition No Status Special Concern
Red-tailed Leafhopper  
(Prairie population)
Man. New Addition No Status
Special Concern
Eastern Painted Turtle Que. N.B. N.S. New Addition
No Status Special Concern
Midland Painted Turtle Ont. Que. New Addition No Status Special Concern
Yukon Wild Buckwheat Y.T. New Addition   No Status Special Concern
Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Appalachian population) Que. Reclassification Threatened Endangered
Red-headed Woodpecker Sask. Man. Ont. Que. Reclassification Threatened Endangered
Spoon-leaved Moss Ont. Reclassification Endangered Threatened
Prairie Skink Man. Reclassification Endangered Special Concern
Coastal Vesper Sparrow B.C. Name change only    
Streaked Horned Lark B.C. Name change only    

The economic impacts of making these additions or modifications have been assessed and it was determined that they will have a low socio-economic impact.

Protecting species at risk in Canada helps to maintain biodiversity and can help maintain ecosystem function and services, such as natural pest control, pollination, temperature regulation and carbon fixing. Ecosystem functions and services in turn are important to the health of Canadians and have important ties to Canada’s economy. Small changes in an ecosystem can result in the loss of individuals and species, which can lead to irreversible and wide-ranging effects.

The Order supports the following Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) goals and the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

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