Proposed Maximum Residue Limit PMRL2022-12, Oxathiapiprolin
Notice to the reader:The online consultation is now closed.
Pest Management Regulatory Agency
6 June 2022
ISSN: 1925-0843 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-24/2022-12E-PDF (PDF version)
Purpose of consultation
Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act, Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) has accepted the requested application to add the new commodity of hops to the product label of Orondis Ultra Fungicide, containing technical grade mandipropamid and oxathiapiprolin, to control downy mildew. The specific uses approved in Canada are detailed on this product label, Pest Control Products Act Registration Number 32805. PMRA is also proposing acceptability to set MRLs on dry soybeans, sunflower seeds and poultry commodities, for which the uses were previously registered under the oxathiapiprolin-only submissions 2016-0340 (Lumisena Fungicide Seed Treatment), and 2016-0407 (Plenaris 200FS Seed Treatment), but the MRLs were not specified. The specific uses approved in Canada are detailed on these product labels, Pest Control Products Act Registration Numbers 33001 and 33002, respectively.
The evaluation of this mandipropamid and oxathiapiprolin application indicated that the end-use product has value and the human health and environmental risks associated with the new uses are acceptable. Dietary risks from the consumption of foods listed in Table 1 were shown to be acceptable when oxathiapiprolin is used according to the supported label directions. Therefore, foods containing residues resulting from this use are safe to eat, and MRLs are being proposed as a result of this assessment. A summary of the field trial data used to support the proposed MRLs can be found in Appendix I. The currently established 50 ppm MRL for mandipropamid in/on hops (dried cones) is sufficient to cover residues resulting from this new use and is therefore unaffected by this MRL action.
Dietary health assessment
In assessing the risk of a pesticide, Health Canada combines information on pesticide toxicity with information on the degree and duration of dietary exposure to the pesticide residue from food. The risk assessment process involves four distinct steps:
- Identifying the toxicology hazards posed by the pesticide;
- Determining the "acceptable dietary level" for Canadians (including all vulnerable populations), which is protective of adverse health effects;
- Estimating human dietary exposure to the pesticide from all applicable sources (domestic and imported commodities); and
- Characterizing human risk by comparing the estimated human dietary exposure to the acceptable dietary level.
Before registering a pesticide for food use in Canada, Health Canada must determine the quantity of residues that could remain in or on the food when the pesticide is used according to label directions and that such residues will not be a concern to human health (Steps 3 and 4 above). If estimated human exposure is less than or equal to the acceptable level (developed in Step 2 above), Health Canada concludes that consuming residues resulting from use according to approved label directions is not a health concern. The proposed MRL is then subject to consultation to legally specify it as an MRL. An MRL applies to the identified raw agricultural food commodity as well as to any processed food product that contains it, except for certain instances where different MRLs are specified for the raw agricultural commodity and its processed product(s).
Consultation on the proposed MRLs for oxathiapiprolin is being conducted via this document. Health Canada invites the public to submit written comments on the proposed MRLs for oxathiapiprolin in accordance with the process outlined in the Next steps section of this document.
To comply with Canada's international trade obligations, consultation on the proposed MRLs is also being conducted internationally by notifying the World Trade Organization, as coordinated by the Canada's Notification Authority and Enquiry Point.
The proposed MRLs, to be added to the MRLs already established for oxathiapiprolin, are summarized in Table 1.
|Common name||Residue definition||MRL (ppm)Footnote 1||Food commodity|
|Oxathiapiprolin||1-[4-[4-[5-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl]-2-thiazolyl]-1-piperidinyl]-2-[5-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-ethanone||5.0||Hops, dried cones|
|0.01||Dry soybeans; sunflower seeds; eggs; fat, meat and meat byproducts of poultry|
MRLs established in Canada may be found using the Maximum Residue Limit Database on the Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides webpage. The database allows users to search for established MRLs, regulated under the Pest Control Products Act, both for pesticides or for food commodities.
International situation and trade implications
MRLs may vary from one country to another for a number of reasons, including differences in pesticide use patterns and the geographic locations of the crop field trials used to generate residue chemistry data. For livestock commodities, differences in MRLs can also be due to different livestock feed items and practices.
Table 2 compares the MRLs proposed for oxathiapiprolin in Canada with corresponding American tolerances and Codex MRLs.Footnote 2 American tolerances are listed inthe Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 180, by pesticide. A listing of established Codex MRLs is available on the Codex Alimentarius Pesticide Index webpage, by pesticide or commodity.
|Food commodity||Canadian MRL (ppm)||American Tolerance (ppm)||Codex MRL
|Hops (dried cones)||5.0||5||Not Established|
|Eggs; fat, meat and meat byproducts of poultry||0.01||Not established||0.01|
Health Canada invites the public to submit written comments on the proposed MRLs for oxathiapiprolin up to 75 days from the date of publication of this document. Please forward your comments to Publications. Health Canada will consider all comments received and a science-based approach will be applied in making a final decision on the proposed MRLs. Comments received will be addressed in a separate document linked to this PMRL. The established MRLs will be legally in effect as of the date that they are entered into the Maximum Residue Limit Database.
Summary of field trial data used to support the proposed maximum residue limits
Residue data for oxathiapiprolin on hops were submitted to support the use of Orondis Ultra Fungicide on hops. In addition, residue data for oxathiapiprolin on soybean seeds and sunflower seeds were submitted to support the registered uses of Dupont Lumisena Fungicide and Plenaris Fungicide on soybeans and sunflowers.
Dietary risk assessment results
Studies in laboratory animals showed no acute health effects. Consequently, a single dose of oxathiapiprolin is not likely to cause acute health effects in the general population (including infants and children).
Chronic dietary (food plus drinking water) intake estimates indicated that the general population and all population subgroups are exposed to less than 2% of the acceptable daily intake, and therefore are not a health concern.
Maximum residue limits
The recommendations for the maximum residue limits (MRLs) for oxathiapiprolin were based upon the submitted field trial data, and the guidance provided in the OECD MRL Calculator. Table A1 summarizes the residue data used to calculate the proposed MRL for hops, soybeans, and sunflowers.
|Commodity||Application method/ Total application rate
(g a.i./haFootnote 1)
|Preharvest interval (days)||Lowest average field trial residues
|Highest average field trial residues
|Hops (dried cones)||Soil drench followed by 3 foliar applications/ 388–398 g a.i./ha||6–8||0.33||2.1|
|Soybean seeds||Seed treatment/ 0.0625 – 0.0841 mg a.i./seedFootnote 2||126 – 151||<0.010||<0.010|
|Seed treatment/ 0.2515 – 0.2528 mg a.i./seedFootnote 2||126 – 151||<0.010||<0.010|
|Sunflower seeds||Seed treatment/ 0.01877 – 0.0212 mg a.i./seedFootnote 2||105 – 148||<0.010||<0.010|
Based on the dietary burden and residue data, MRLs of 0.01 ppm in eggs; fat, meat, and meat by-products of poultry to cover residues of oxathiapiprolin are also proposed.
Following the review of all available data, the MRLs as proposed in Table 1 are recommended to cover residues of oxathiapiprolin. Dietary risks from exposure to residues of oxathiapiprolin in these crop and animal commodities at the proposed MRLs were shown to be acceptable for the general population and all subpopulations, including infants, children, adults and seniors. Thus, the foods that contain residues as listed in Table 1 are considered safe to eat.
|2600655||2015, Magnitude of residues of oxathiapiprolin and its metabolites in raw and processed soybean commodities of plants grown from seed treated with oxathiapiprolin (DPX-QGU42) 200 G/L SC - USA, 2014, DACO: 7.4.1,7.4.2,7.4.6,IIIA 8.3.1,IIIA 8.3.2,IIIA 8.3.3|
|2600656||2015, Magnitude of residues of oxathiapiprolin and its metabolites in sunflower seed of plants grown from seed treated with oxathiapiprolin (DPX-QGU42) 200G/L SC - USA AND CANADA 2014, DACO: 7.4.1,7.4.2,7.4.6,IIIA 8.3.1,IIIA 8.3.2,IIIA 8.3.3|
|2951332||2018, Oxathiapiprolin: Magnitude of the Residue on Hops, DACO: 7.4.1,7.4.2|
|3047638||2015, Oxathiapiprolin OD (A20941A) and Oxathiapiprolin SC (A21008A) - Magnitude of the Residues in or on Tobacco Raw Agricultural Commodities Resulting from Foliar Applications of OD and SC Formulations - USA, 2014, DACO: 7.4.1|
|3047639||2015, Oxathiapiprolin OD (A2094JA) and Oxathiapiprolin SC (A2 1008A) - Magnitude of the Residues in or on Cucumber Raw Agricultural Commodities Resulting from Foliar Applications of OD and SC Formulations -USA, 2015, DACO: 7.4.1|
|3047640||2015, Oxathiapiprolin OD (A2094JA) and Oxathiapiprolin SC (A21008A) - Magnitude of the Residues in or on Brassica Head and Stem Vegetables Raw Agricultural Commodities Resulting from Foliar Applications of OD and SC Formulations - USA, 2014., DACO: 7.4.1|
- Footnote 1
A maximum residue limit (MRL) is the maximum amount of residue that may remain in or on food when a pesticide is used according to label directions.
- Footnote 2
The Codex Alimentarius Commission is an international organization under the auspices of the United Nations that develops international food standards, including MRLs.
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