Scientific Advisory Panel on Opioid Use and Contraindications (SAP-OUC)
Terms of Reference
The Scientific Advisory Panel on Opioid Use and Contraindications (SAP-OUC) provides advice to Health Canada. The SAP-OUC will examine whether contraindications currently included in Canadian labelling of opioids are sufficient or should be modified, and whether additional contraindications should be added. While the Panel provides Health Canada with advice and recommendations, the decision-making responsibility remains with Health Canada.
The mandate of the SAP-OUC is to provide timely scientific and medical advice on specific initiatives under the Minister of Health's 5-Point Opioid Action Plan. Specifically, the panel will examine whether contraindications currently included in Canadian labelling of opioids are sufficient or should be modified, and whether additional contraindications should be added. The Panel's responses to questions posed by Health Canada will be used, as appropriate, to update labelling, including Product Monographs, for opioids in Canada.
2.0 Reporting Structure
The Panel reports to the Director General (DG) of the Therapeutic Products Directorates (TPD), who acts as the Executive Secretary to the Panel. The TPD will oversee providing support to the Panel, as appropriate.
3.0 Membership / Participation / Qualifications
3.1 Selection of members
Potential members of the SAP-OUC are selected from a broad range of sources, including but not limited to health professionals, scientists or scientific societies, academia, government agencies and lay representation. In order to preserve the independence of both the advisory body and the federal government as decision-maker, Health Canada employees may not serve as members of the SAP-OUC.
This process is designed to ensure requisite expertise and experience, a variety of perspectives, and promote diversity and inclusiveness.
The Executive Secretary selects and appoints a Chair from among the existing members or nominees, whereas other members may be selected by the Executive Secretary in consultation with the Chair.
Membership of the SAP-OUC will reflect an appropriate combination of gender and regional representation, and will cover various areas of expertise, knowledge, and perspectives. Members should include, but are not limited to:
- experts in pain management;
- experts in addiction/opioid abuse/prescription drug abuse;
- medical doctors;
- pharmacologists; and a
- patient representative with expertise in pain/addiction.
3.2 Types of Members
The Panel members are selected based on their scientific/medical/technical expertise and knowledge or credentials as patient representatives.
Members are appointed by the Executive Secretary for a single meeting. If necessary, a second meeting and/or teleconference may be organised.
3.4 Size of the Panel
The SAP-OUC will be comprised of up to seven members (six plus one Chair).
3.5 Security Clearance
All members are required to undergo a security clearance to the level of "reliability status". Sometimes, but not often, this may entail taking a member's fingerprints should the Royal Canadian Mounted Police require them. A security clearance is valid for ten years.
3.6 Affiliations & Interests
As a condition of appointment, potential members of the SAP-OUC are required to complete and return the "Affiliations and Interests Declaration Form for Advisory Body Members". This form is used to disclose to the Secretariat (TPD) any circumstances that may place, or be seen to place the member in a real, apparent, or potential conflict of interest.
In keeping with the Privacy Act, this completed Affiliations and Interests Declaration Form is considered confidential. The TPD will not make public any information in the form without the member's permission. However, as a condition of membership, members will allow the TPD to publish on Health Canada's web site a "Summary of Expertise, Experience, and Affiliations and Interests," which will be based in part on the completed Declaration Form. Members will be asked to review the content of the Summary for accuracy before its release.
It is incumbent upon the member to update his/her declaration in writing, should his/her personal situation change, or where the matters before the Panel may affect the conflict of interest situation of a member. Declarations will be assessed by the TPD prior to appointment and on an ongoing basis as updates occur.
At the beginning of the meeting, the Executive Secretary or the Chair will ask members to make a verbal statement of their relevant affiliations and interests. The level of participation of a member with potential conflict is determined by the Chair in consultation with the other members of the Panel.
Members are expected to conduct themselves in an appropriate manner, that is, the use of their positions cannot be reasonably construed to be for their private gain or that of any other person, company, or organization.
All members are expected to protect and maintain as confidential any trade secret or privileged information divulged during the work of the Panel. Members must not discuss this information with persons not on the Panel, or divulge information obtained from the work of the Panel, including presentations made to it, until this information has been officially released for public distribution. Documents leaving Health Canada, including electronic and word processing records must be securely stored at all times and must be returned to Health Canada or permanently deleted on request.
3.7 Indemnification and Legal Assistance
All members serve on the SAP-OUC on a volunteer basis. In keeping with the Treasury Board's "Policy on Legal Assistance and Indemnification", members are eligible for the same protection against personal civil liability as federal employees when faced with comparable risks while acting within the mandate of the SAP-OUC and serving as volunteers.
3.8 Travel and Expenses
Members are reimbursed for expenses incurred during their work on the SAP-OUC such as travel and accommodation, according to the Treasury Board's "Directive on the Management of Expenditures on Travel, Hospitality and Conferences".
4.0 Roles and Responsibilities
Members of the SAP-OUC have a responsibility to Health Canada and by extension to Canadians, to offer their independent and objective advice. Other responsibilities include:
- being available and prepared to participate in the meeting;
- participating in any discussions surrounding the preparation of meeting reports, if necessary;
- notifying the Secretariat and the Chair of any changes in the status of their affiliations and interests relevant to the mandate; and
- making a verbal statement of affiliations and interests at the beginning of the meeting when asked by the Executive Secretary or the Chair.
In addition to all the responsibilities of a member, the Chair is responsible for the following:
- providing input to and consulting with the Executive Secretary on the selection of members;
- consulting with the Executive Secretary to determine whether to limit the participation of a member in the meeting, depending on the nature of the person's affiliations or interests;
- overseeing and chairing the meeting, and facilitating discussion among members in answering Health Canada's questions;
- ensuring that all members agree with (or note their disagreement with) the advice in the report to Health Canada.
The Office of Science of the TPD acts as the Secretariat of the SAP-OUC. The Secretariat liaises between members and Health Canada, and acts as a resource for members. It also provides leadership and strategic advice in the management of the SAP-OUC and works closely with the Chair. In addition, the Secretariat:
- coordinates membership processes such as the affiliations and interests declarations, security clearances and a membership list;
- coordinates the preparation of the meeting agenda, prepares background information packages for the SAP-OUC and marks it according to the level to which it is protected under the "Government Security Policy", and drafts the record of proceedings for membership and the Chair's approval;
- maintains any information about the SAP-OUC, its mandate, or work that may be posted on Health Canada's web site;
- helps to prepare the member designated as media spokesperson, as appropriate;
- coordinates requests for travel reimbursement;
- monitors and evaluates the efficiency and effectiveness of the SAP-OUC; and
- carries out additional duties as appropriate in support of the SAP-OUC.
4.4 Executive Secretary
The Executive Secretary is the Director General (TPD) who represents Health Canada and makes decisions related to the SAP-OUC and its advice. The Executive Secretary provides leadership and strategic advice in the management of the SAP-OUC and works closely with the Chair and Secretariat.
4.5 Media and Communications
All members are expected to protect and maintain as confidential any trade secret or privileged information divulged during the work of the Panel. Discussion of SAP-OUC work with the media or at conferences or other external events should only occur when authorization is given by the Executive Secretary.
In the case of media requests, the Executive Secretary will coordinate a response in consultation with the Chair and Health Canada Media Relations and will appoint a member to be the media spokesperson when circumstances warrant this.
5.0 Management and Administration
Health Canada is committed to ensuring transparency as an operating principle by:
- ensuring that the meeting schedule is predictable, where possible; and
- posting SAP-OUC materials, with confidential and personal information removed (when appropriate), on Health Canada's web site including:
- Terms of Reference;
- Summary of Expertise, Experience, and Affiliations and Interests;
- Biographies of members;
- Agenda; and
- Records of Proceedings (RoP) and/or formal reports.
5.2 Meeting agendas
The agenda and specific questions and issues for SAP-OUC discussions will be determined by the Executive Secretary in consultation with the Chair and the Secretariat.
5.3 Meeting Notices and Invitations
This meeting is held at the call of the Executive Secretary in consultation with the Chair. Meeting attendance is by invitation only. The notice is sent by the Secretariat. Members receive the agenda, briefing material and presentations, in advance of the meeting.
5.4 Frequency, Type, and Location of meetings
This meeting will be held in the National Capital Region. An additional meeting and/or teleconference may be held as needed at the discretion of the Executive Secretary in consultation with the Secretariat. A meeting cannot be held unless quorum is achieved. The quorum is determined to be at least one-half the number of existing core members, one of which must be the Chair.
For all teleconferences, members should make every effort to ensure that a secure line is used for the call and that no person who has not been approved by the Chair and Secretariat can listen to the proceedings.
The SAP-OUC may be required to hold a meeting, or parts of a meeting, in public to allow the public to observe the presentations to the panel and understand the issues under consideration.
5.5 Deliberations and Reports
Panel deliberations during the meeting are held in camera in order to foster open, frank, and free-flowing discussion. All members have equal status during discussion, and are expected to demonstrate fairness and a commitment to in-depth examination of matters under review. Only topics that fit within the mandate of the SAP-OUC will be discussed.
At the discretion of the Executive Secretary and with the approval of the Chair, specific stakeholders may be invited to make presentations to the Panel in writing or in person. The Chair and the Executive Secretary may grant observer status, for all or part of the Panel deliberations to selected individuals, including Health Canada employees who would benefit from the deliberations of the Panel.
Members provide advice to Health Canada in the form of recommendations. These recommendations are captured in a RoP. The RoP will be the only record of the meeting. The SAP-OUC is encouraged to reach a consensus in providing advice whenever possible. When a consensus is not possible, the RoP will reflect the diversity of opinions. The reasons for a lack of consensus, if any, must be clearly identified and substantiated. In such cases, the SAP-OUC shall make a recommendation with respect to further study of the issue and a proposal for resolution. In cases where there is a real divergence of opinion, the different opinions will be documented, and the number of members supporting each opinion recorded.
A draft RoP is prepared by the Secretariat and circulated to members for review, and final approval by the Chair and Executive Secretary. As a condition of membership, members agree to the audio recording of the meeting to facilitate preparation of the draft RoP only. The RoP will be the only permanent record of the meeting and will be published on Health Canada's web site. This agreement will be confirmed verbally at the start of the meeting. The final RoP will summarize the proceedings to reflect the advice offered. The Secretariat is responsible for the distribution of the RoP.
The agenda and the RoP will be posted on Health Canada's web site in both official languages. Issues discussed on a particular submission are considered confidential and those meeting documents will become part of the Central Registry file.
The Health Products and Food Branch's "Health Canada Policy on External Advisory Bodies (2011)" governs the Terms of Reference, and the management and administration of the SAP-OUC.
Publicly available information on the Minister of Health's 5-Point Opioid Action:
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