Imidazolinone Herbicide Tolerant Rice RTC1
In 2018, Health Canada received a submission to allow the sale of a genetically modified (GM) rice variety referred to as herbicide tolerant rice RTC1. This rice variety has been genetically modified to be tolerant to imidazolinone herbicides.
In order to determine whether this GM rice variety could be sold in Canada as food, the scientists at Health Canada conducted a scientific assessment that ensured that it is safe for consumption. Our scientists also assessed how this GM rice variety was developed, produced and whether it can be toxic or cause allergic reactions.
Scientists with expertise in molecular biology, microbiology, toxicology, chemistry, and nutrition conducted a thorough analysis of the data and the protocols provided by the applicant to ensure the validity of the results.
Following this assessment, it was determined that the changes made to this GM rice variety do not pose a greater risk to human health than rice varieties currently available on the Canadian market. In addition, Health Canada also concluded that this GM rice variety would have no impact on allergies, and that there are no differences in the nutritional value of this GM rice variety compared to other traditional rice varieties available for consumption.
Health Canada's assessment of herbicide tolerant rice variety RTC1 was conducted according to the Guidelines for the Safety Assessment of Novel Foods. The approach taken by Health Canada in the safety assessment of GM foods is based upon scientific principles developed through expert international consultation over the last 20 years with agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The approach taken by Canada is currently applied by regulatory agencies around the world in countries such as the European Union, Australia/New Zealand, Japan, and the United States.
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