Page 14: Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality: Guideline Technical Document – Benzene

Appendix A: List of acronyms

ALARA
as low as reasonably achievable
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
AOP
advanced oxidation process
BTEX
benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes
bw
body weight
CalEPA
California Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.A.)
CI
confidence interval
CYP2E1
cytochrome P4502E1
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
EBCT
empty bed contact time
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.A.)
GAC
granular activated carbon
K p
skin permeability coefficient
LC 50
median lethal concentration
LD 50
median lethal dose
L-eq
litre-equivalent
MAC
maximum acceptable concentration
MDL
method detection limit
NADPH
reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
NOM
natural organic matter
NSF
NSF International
NTP
National Toxicology Program (U.S.A.)
PAC
powdered activated carbon
PBPK
physiologically based pharmacokinetic
ppm
parts per million
ppt
parts per trillion
PQL
practical quantitation limit
PTA
packed tower aeration
RNA
ribonucleic acid
RR
relative risk
SCC
Standards Council of Canada
SMR
standardized mortality ratio
TEAM
Total Exposure Assessment Methodology
TWA
time-weighted average
U.S. EPA
United States Environmental Protection Agency
UV
ultraviolet
VOC
volatile organic compound
v/v
by volume

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