Page 5: Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality: Guideline Technical Document - Nitrate and Nitrite

12.0 References

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Appendix A: List of Acronyms

AAF
2-acetyl aminofluorene
ADI
acceptable daily intake
AGT
O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase
Aln
allantoin
AMP
aminopyrine
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ASC
ascorbate
BEN
Balkan endemic nephropathy
BHPA
bis(2-hydroxypropyl)amine
bw
body weight
CI
confidence interval
Cim
cimetidine
CPM
chlorpheniramine maleate
DDAO
N,N-dimethyldodecylamine-N-oxide
DEA
diethylamine
DMA
dimethylamine; dimethylamine hydrochloride
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DPH
diphenhydramine hydrochloride
DSF
disulfiram
DW
drinking water
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)
eq
equivalent
ETU
ethylenethiourea
EU
ethylurea
FAO
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
HMI
heptamethyleneimine
HPT
hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid
IDDM
insulin-dependent type 1 diabetes mellitus
IRIS
Integrated Risk Information System
JECFA
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives
LD 50
dose estimated to be lethal to half of the animals
LOAEL
lowest-observed-adverse-effect level
MAC
maximum acceptable concentration
MAni
methylaniline
MDL
method detection limit
Mor
morpholine
MU
methylurea
NADH
reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NC
nitrosatable compound
NDEA
N-nitrosodiethylamine
NDMA
N-nitrosodimethylamine
NHL
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
NIS
sodium/iodide symporter
NMU
N-nitroso-N-methylurea
NO 2¯
nitrite ion
NO 2-N
nitrite nitrogen
NO 3¯
nitrate ion
NO 3-N
nitrate nitrogen
NOAEL
no-observed-adverse-effect level
NOC
N-nitroso compound
NOEL
no-observed-effect level
NPRO
N-nitrosoproline
NPYR
N-nitrosopyrrolidine
NSF
NSF International
NTP
National Toxicology Program (U.S.)
OEHHA
Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (California)
OR
odds ratio
Pip
piperazine
PQL
practical quantitation limit
RNA
ribonucleic acid
RR
relative risk; rate ratio
SCC
Standards Council of Canada
SD
Sprague-Dawley
SG
Syrian Golden
SM
Standard Method
Sw
Swiss
T 3
triiodothyronine
T 4
thyroxine
TD05
tumorigenic dose 05
TMA
trimethylamine
TMAO
trimethylamine-N-oxide
TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone
U
unit
UDS
unscheduled DNA synthesis
UV
ultraviolet
w/w
weight per weight
WHO
World Health Organization
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