Temporary resident permit (TRP) for victims of family violence

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.

These instructions aim to provide guidance to IRCC officers on the issuance of an initial fee-exempt temporary resident permit (TRP) for out-of-status foreign nationals experiencing family violence. This measure also extends access to an initial fee-exempt work permit and Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) coverage for these individuals if the conditions warrant such a response.

The intention is for victims of family violence who are seeking a TRP to be assessed as expeditiously as possible, using the criteria outlined below. These TRPs are to be issued in accordance with existing instructions for the issuance of TRPs under subsection 24(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), as well as the corresponding Ministerial Instructions (MI) established in subsection 24(3) of the IRPA.

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Eligibility for a family violence TRP

Family violence is generally defined as any form of abuse or neglect inflicted by a family member. In this context, TRPs are intended for cases of family violence from a spouse or common-law partner. In assessing eligibility for a TRP, the officer considers if the foreign national is

Examples of individuals who may be eligible include foreign nationals who

Dependent foreign national children of victims of family violence (both must be in Canada) are also eligible for a family violence TRP. Officers should be attuned to cases in which family law or custody issues may come into play.

Ineligible individuals who are not considered to be seeking permanent resident status, per the corresponding MI, include but are not restricted to the following:

Cases outside the family class

While it is anticipated that the majority of cases for a family violence TRP will come from within the family class, allegations of abuse may also be raised within the context of an application under other immigration classes. Officers must assess the allegations and determine the appropriate course of action.

In all such cases, the officer should use their discretion to assess whether or not a TRP is warranted if the lack of status is an immediate concern. Officers may consider the best interests of any affected children, even though this is not a legislative requirement for TRP consideration. Officers should also consider if humanitarian and compassionate (H&C) grounds are appropriate for the case at hand.

The one-year bar to access a TRP under subsection 24(4) of the IRPA does not bar an officer, on their own initiative, from considering if the issuance of a TRP is justified (for a victim of family violence or other foreign national).

What constitutes family violence

Family violence is not just physical violence. A person may experience one or more forms of violence, including

The foreign national’s dependent child or children may also be experiencing or witnessing abuse or neglect.

Assessing evidence of family violence

To assess if an individual is a victim of family violence, officers must consider available evidence on a case-by-case basis, depending on what is put forward by the client.

IRCC officers may allow victims to provide submissions and supporting evidence by

Evidence could include

Note: This list is not exhaustive and is simply intended to provide examples.

Initial identification of cases

Foreign nationals in Canada who are victims of family violence may request an assessment for a TRP by

If the CSC agent is able to confirm that the foreign national has valid temporary resident status or may be eligible to apply for restoration of status, the agent could inform the client of this possibility.

Cases with an existing application for permanent residence

Where a foreign national is requesting a TRP through the CSC, due to family violence, CSC agents

Note: Given the urgent nature of these cases and the vulnerability of the client, local IRCC offices are to prioritize the processing of family violence TRP applications. If these cases are identified at a case processing centre, efforts should be made to transfer the permanent residence application to the appropriate local office as expeditiously as possible. These individuals may be in Canada without status and may also lack travel and identity documents, or they could be living in a shelter.

If an assessment request is made to the local IRCC office by the CSC or by an external partner, initial contact with the requestor should be made within 2 working days of receipt of the TRP request. If the local office does not follow up within the 2-working day time frame, the CSC should follow up with the local office by email and resubmit the assessment request.

Queries for assessment requests are conducted by local offices on a daily basis, following established procedures, to ensure that urgent family violence cases are identified as promptly as possible.

CSC agents should also advise the individuals upon first contact that information on their file may be disclosed to authorized representatives, unless this authorization is otherwise revoked by submitting a “Use of a Representative” form [IMM 5476]. Authorized representatives may include

See Client revocation of an authorized representative below for further information.

Cases with no application for permanent residence in process

For any cases in which there is no existing UCI or file, the CSC agent should

Cases processed overseas

Depending on the type of application, there may be cases in which a permanent residence application is being processed overseas, but the applicant is already physically in Canada and is seeking a TRP.

Foreign nationals who self-identify at a local office

If a foreign national self-identifies as a victim of family violence in person, at a local IRCC office, the case should not be turned away. In these situations, officers should refer the client to information on how to apply for a family violence TRP.

Cases flagged through authorized representatives

Authorized representatives may assist the foreign national in requesting a TRP, due to family violence. These representatives may apply for a TRP on behalf of the client and send the application to the Case Processing Centre in Edmonton (CPC-E) without first contacting the CSC, per existing public instructions. In such cases, representatives may use the code “FV” on the application envelope as a visual identifier to signal a case involving family violence. The CPC-E sends any TRP application marked with the code “FV” to the local IRCC office, based on the postal code list provided. The application may be sent to the local office without the CPC-E creating the file in GCMS.

Cases identified through another government partner

Cases in which the foreign national is identified by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) or another federal or provincial partner as a victim of family violence should be referred to the responsible IRCC local office on an urgent basis, using established points of contact.

Cases related to human trafficking

It is important to note that there may be cases in which a trafficked individual is also a victim of family violence, such as cases of intimate partner violence. In such cases, Considerations specific to victims of human trafficking should also be consulted.

Family class files – Requests for H&C considerations

If, during the processing of the TRP, the applicant requests H&C considerations on their spousal family class or SCLPC class permanent residence application that is currently in process, the request should be referred to the office responsible for processing the permanent residence application. This allows the office processing the permanent residence application to follow H&C guidelines, which also include instructions specific to applicants in the SCLPC class.

Protection of individuals in cases of family violence

CSC agents and officers should confirm a safe telephone number, email address or mailing address at which to contact the victim. Officers should inform their manager if they are unable to contact the victim within the 2-day period but should continue to make efforts to contact the victim using the information provided.

Officers should indicate in GCMS notes all attempts made to contact the victim.

Note: Protection of the client’s information must start with the first contact by the client regarding the abuse.

Client revocation of an authorized representative

If an individual has advised IRCC in writing that they would like to revoke their authorized representative, the officer should ensure that GCMS is updated immediately. Use of representatives: Counselling applicants during interviews outlines the course of action to be taken for the client to revoke their representative and designate a new one.

Individuals subject to a removal order

If a removal order is in place for an individual applying for a TRP, an IRCC manager or supervisor should contact the CBSA directly, in writing, to advise the CBSA of the situation. A note should also be made on the applicant’s UCI, stating that TRP issuance is being considered and requesting that the CBSA consult IRCC before taking further action. Ultimately, an IRCC manager or supervisor should contact the CBSA directly, in writing, to confirm if the TRP has been issued.

Interview considerations

The officer may render a decision based on the documentation received. If the officer is not satisfied by the documentation provided, an interview may be warranted. If there are no impediments for the client, an in-person interview should be arranged.

There may be situations that make it difficult for a victim to attend an in-person interview:

IRCC officers should take these factors into consideration when requesting an in-person interview and may consider a telephone interview instead. Officers should follow the safety precautions and interview considerations outlined in Abuse: Interview considerations.

The objectives of the interview are to

Note: Where there are allegations of family violence, and evidence is being requested, IRCC officers should ensure they send all communications to the foreign national directly (using the contact information provided by the individual). To avoid possible intervention by the perpetrator, if the officer is unable to assess the safety of the contact information, communications should not be sent.

Correspondence should provide a deadline for the submissions and outline the possible consequences of not providing a response (for example, a refusal).

If an IRCC officer is unable to contact an individual after 2 attempts (with lag time at the officer’s discretion) after the officer has received a request for a TRP due to family violence, the officer should render a decision based on the available information. They must update GCMS to indicate what steps have been taken and how the attempts to contact the individual have been made (for example, telephone calls, emails and letters).

Any officer or agent who receives information regarding any form of abuse against a child or in the presence of a child must

  • report it to their immediate supervisor or manager
  • report it to the CMB and copy the Immigration Program Guidance Branch (IPG) on the email
  • consult existing instructions on Reporting child abuse

TRP issuance

If the victim of family violence has existing immigration status through another program, the officer should not issue a TRP until the current status has lapsed, and restoration of status is not possible.

If the officer determines that the foreign national is a victim of family violence, the officer may issue a TRP for a minimum of 6 months, based on the following considerations:

Depending on the circumstances, and at the officer’s discretion, a subsequent TRP may also be justified, with the above factors taken into consideration, in cases where there may be a benefit to the individual remaining in Canada for a longer period.

Note: Only the initial TRP is fee-exempt.

Foreign nationals who have faced family violence in Canada may

These circumstances should not weigh against affording temporary resident status in this context to warranted cases.

If the person is suspected or determined to be a victim of family violence, the officer may refer them to available resources in the community. See Referrals to resources for victims of abuse for a detailed list of services and resources for victims of family violence.

Health coverage

Suspected victims of family violence who are not covered by a public or private health insurance plan may be eligible for coverage of health-care benefits under the IFHP, per the discretionary authority of the Minister, under IFHP Cabinet-approved policy. Benefits include (for the duration of the TRP)

Note: If the client has already had an immigration medical examination covered under the IFHP, they are not eligible for a second. Also, any individual who has access to provincial or territorial coverage should not be issued IFHP coverage. The IFHP does not cover Canadian citizens, including babies born in Canada to IFHP beneficiaries.

Unless the applicant has already completed an immigration medical examination within the last 12 months, they are required to undergo temporary resident medical screening if they intend to do either of the following:

See Who must submit to an immigration medical examination for more information.

In addition, certain applicants who have already undergone a medical examination may be eligible for a medical reassessment.

Work permits

A TRP that is valid for at least 180 days makes the holder eligible to apply for an open work permit. A TRP does not exempt the permit holder from the requirement to apply for a work permit if they wish to work in Canada. A fee-exempt work permit should be offered to the client as an option to ensure they are aware that they are eligible for one. If the victim of family violence wants to apply for a work permit, the application should be processed by the local IRCC office at the same time as the TRP application, due to the urgent nature of this kind of case.

Cost recovery

Victims of family violence are exempt, either by regulations or by virtue of the associated public policy, from the

Note: Under the associated public policy, only the initial TRP and initial work permit are fee-exempt. The open work permit privilege fee does not apply to these cases, as it does under subsection 303.2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR).

Coding and reporting

For fee purposes, the initial TRP and work permit should both be coded in GCMS using exemption code 999.

For the open work permit, officers are to use

For IFHP coverage, officers are to create an IFHP application with the following parameters to ensure that the client has active IFHP coverage and an IFHP certificate for the duration of the TRP:

TRPs issued for dependants should use the same coding as above.

Other available measures

Foreign nationals who are victims of family violence, including those who may not be eligible for a TRP, may avail themselves of a number of other legislative and administrative measures to remain in Canada temporarily or permanently. These include

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