ARCHIVED – The Labour Market Progression of the LSIC Immigrants

A Perspective from the Second Wave of the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC)-Two Years after Landing

Conclusion

Compared with the situations during the first six months in Canada, a lot more immigrants secured employment, and employment in intended occupations and higher-skilled jobs rose modestly by two years after arrival. Although immigrants made considerable gains in the Canadian labour market, they still faced challenges in finding employment. The unemployment rate of 29% at two years after landing, though reduced compared to 37% at 6 months after arrival, was much higher than the Canadian average rate at 7.6% in 2003[Note 14]. Among those with employment, the occupational distribution continues to show a pattern characterized by lower skill levels relative to their pre-migration jobs.

The initial two years in Canada have seen the LSIC immigrants making transitions in the new labour market. As time went on, more immigrants have made steps forward towards intended fields and higher-skilled employment.

LSIC Wave 3 is going to provide further information necessary to conduct the research on the determinants of labour market outcomes of newcomers. In-depth analysis based on all LSIC waves will help to explain the complexity of the integration process of immigrants to Canada, especially among recent immigrants who landed after 2000.

Notes

14 Statistics Canada, Canadian Economic Observer, February 2004.

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