ARCHIVED – Portrait of an Integration Process

Difficulties encountered and resources relied on for newcomers in their first 4 years in Canada

Li Xue
Research and Evaluation
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
June 2007

This study examines the progressive process of the LSIC immigrants during the initial settlement and integrating period, with a focus on the barriers new immigrants experienced and resources they relied on in the first 4 years in Canada. Four key areas of settlement and integration are explored including: finding employment, getting education, accessing health care and finding housing. The paper tries to identify core integration barriers and possible sources of assistance for these hurdles. Challenges to assimilation process are also examined in terms of unmet needs in the key integration tasks over time. The paper draws on the advantages of the LSIC, by examining the dynamics of the integration process. Special attention is given to the progressive nature of the initial 4 years for immigrants.

Evidence from three waves of the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC)

Acknowledgement: I am very grateful to Martha Justus, Eden Thompson and Jessie-Lynn MacDonald who provided great guidance and support on completing the LSIC research projects. Especially, I would like to express my sincere appreciation to Jessie-Lynn MacDonald and Stan Kustec for their very helpful suggestions and comments on the earlier versions of the paper.

Portrait of an Integration Process
[ PDF Version (PDF, 761.54KB) ]

Table of contents




Finding Employment

Accessing education and/or training

Accessing health care services

Finding housing



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