Consulting and cooperating with Indigenous Peoples on border mobility

The introduction of international borders has seriously affected First Nations, Inuit and Métis living on their traditional territories. Legislation and policy related to borders and mobility rights have an important impact on:

This is especially true for those in communities near, or divided by, these borders.

Actions to address border challenges on Indigenous communities

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) manage the legislative right to enter and remain in Canada.

We are working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities, governments and representative organizations to put Action Plan Measure 52 in place. This is one of the shared priorities under the United Nations Declaration Act (UNDA) Action Plan, which was released on June 21, 2023.

In consultation and cooperation with Indigenous Peoples and organizations, we will

  1. work to amend the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, relevant regulations and policies, including Canada’s right of entry provision, and work and study permit requirements

    What this means: This will start to address complex border crossing and migration challenges faced by Indigenous Peoples divided by Canada’s international borders.

  1. consult and cooperate with Indigenous Peoples and organizations that represent them to implement Action Plan Measure 52

    What this means: We aim to make legislative amendments and policy reforms in 2024. At the same time, we will continue discussions with international partners on Indigenous border crossing issues.

(adapted from the United Nations Declaration Act Action Plan)

See the full context and read more about Indigenous border mobility in Canada.

How we’re consulting and cooperating with Indigenous Peoples on border mobility

To further improve mobility across borders for Indigenous Peoples, we will:

We are currently engaging in nation-to-nation, Inuit-Crown, and government-to-government discussions about border mobility. In addition, from October 2023 to January 2024, we will invite Indigenous partners and the organizations that represent them to take part in Regional Roundtables, and share their contributions on border mobility with us. If you’re not part of the Roundtables, you can give feedback via email or regular mail.

How to take part

More about Indigenous border mobility

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