Asylum claims by year – 2018

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2018 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2018

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 1,458 1,486 1,884 2,479 1,775 1,179 1,552 1,666 1,485 1,334 978 1,242 18,518
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 18 31 53 50 36 31 51 39 44 23 23 11 410
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 3 4 0 0 0 12
British Columbia 41 48 33 31 53 53 31 39 68 37 18 27 479
Total - RCMP 1,517 1,565 1,970 2,560 1,869 1,263 1,634 1,747 1,601 1,394 1,019 1,280 19,419

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - December 2018

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador00000--00--0005
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00--0000------0010
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec1401802451752452452052303252603203402,915
Ontario3702552153503952802803053502953353553,790
Manitoba00000000--000--
Saskatchewan--00000000000--
Alberta----55510----101510580
British Columbia10105510510515152020135
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry5304454755406605454955507055906907206,935
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0000000000000
New Brunswick00--000------0--010
Quebec2101851,6152,5051,8601,2201,6201,7401,5351,3851,0701,28016,220
Ontario2902252502252153103353853753202352353,405
Manitoba153055504035554045252020435
Saskatchewan--00000000--00--
Alberta152525152020403520302015275
British Columbia502535251515252035151530305
Yukon0000000--0000--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Land Ports of Entry5804901,9802,8252,1501,6002,0752,2252,0101,7851,3601,57520,655
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000--0000--
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00--0--0----------015
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec--000----0000005
Ontario0000000000000
Manitoba0000000000000
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta0000000000000
British Columbia0000000000------
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry--0--05--------------25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador00000--0----0005
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0050--0--5------025
New Brunswick00--000------0--010
Quebec3553651,8552,685Footnote*2,1101,4651,8251,9701,8601,6451,3901,62019,140
Ontario6604804655756105906156907256205755907,195
Manitoba153055504035554045252020435
Saskatchewan500000000--005
Alberta153030202530404035453020355
British Columbia603540303020353050353550445
Yukon0000000--0000--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Ports of Entry1,1109352,4553,3602,8152,1452,5702,7802,7202,3702,0552,30027,615
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia--00000000000--
New Brunswick000000--000--0--
Quebec410445165201051010102515151,140
Ontario1015105151015205151515150
Manitoba----000000----00--
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta00000000--000--
British Columbia103040357065354565504530525
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Inland Offices4354902156595806580809070601,820
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – December 2018
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Air Ports of Entry5304454755406605454955507055906907206,935
Land Ports of Entry5804901,9802,8252,1501,6002,0752,2252,0101,7851,3601,57520,655
Marine Ports of Entry--0--05--------------25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,1109352,4553,3602,8152,1452,5702,7802,7202,3702,0552,30027,615
Inland Offices4354902156595806580809070601,820
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,5451,4252,6703,4252,9102,2252,6352,8602,8002,4602,1252,36029,435

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January – December 2018
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador5----0--010--0--5030
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia--------5----5510--550
New Brunswick----55----------5----35
Quebec1,3251,3155355154254755856106709708555908,865
Ontario9309508156651,0159109301,2351,4401,8001,9151,21013,825
Manitoba20201510510102015152015180
Saskatchewan55--55--5--510----55
Alberta9580659070651051151101501101251,190
British Columbia70105909085851151301251901701251,375
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - IRCC2,4552,4851,5301,3901,6201,5501,7702,1202,3703,1553,0852,07025,605

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January – December 2018
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador5----0----10------5035
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia----5--5----1510155575
New Brunswick----55----5555----45
Quebec2,0852,1202,5603,2202,5451,9452,4252,5902,5352,6402,2552,22529,145
Ontario1,6051,4451,2951,2451,6401,5051,5601,9502,1702,4352,5051,81521,165
Manitoba405065604550656060404035620
Saskatchewan105--55--5--510----65
Alberta1101109511595951501551451901401451,545
British Columbia1401701701601851751852002402702502052,345
Yukon0000000--0000--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,0003,9104,2004,8154,5303,7754,4004,9805,1705,6155,2104,43055,040

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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