Asylum claims by year – 2018

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2018 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2018

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 1,458 1,486 1,884 2,479 1,775 1,179 1,552 1,666 1,485 1,334 978 1,242 18,518
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 18 31 53 50 36 31 51 39 44 23 23 11 410
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 3 4 0 0 0 12
British Columbia 41 48 33 31 53 53 31 39 68 37 18 27 479
Total - RCMP 1,517 1,565 1,970 2,560 1,869 1,263 1,634 1,747 1,601 1,394 1,019 1,280 19,419

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – December 2018

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador5555----00--05--40
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00--0000------0010
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec1401752401752352452102353402653353602,950
Ontario3652502153504002752703003352953203303,715
Manitoba000--00--0----0010
Saskatchewan500----00000005
Alberta--510--510----1515151095
British Columbia1010--510510515101515115
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry5304454755406605454955507105906907206,940
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000--0--
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0--0--000--00----10
New Brunswick00--00------------010
Quebec1901801,4352,2151,6251,1551,5251,6501,4251,3259951,21014,935
Ontario3002304104904303604154604553652902904,490
Manitoba153060454035554040252025420
Saskatchewan00----00--00------10
Alberta303035353535606550453525485
British Columbia452040302520151035201525295
Yukon0000000--0000--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Land Ports of Entry5804901,9802,8252,1501,6002,0752,2252,0101,7851,3601,57520,655
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00--0--0------00010
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec0000----000----010
Ontario--0000000000----
Manitoba0000000000000
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta0000000000000
British Columbia0000000000--0--
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry--0--05--------------20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador5555----00--05--45
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0--5----0--10--------30
New Brunswick00--00------------010
Quebec3303501,6752,390Footnote *1,8651,4051,7351,8851,7651,5951,3351,57017,895
Ontario6654806258408306356857607956606106258,205
Manitoba153060504035554045252025430
Saskatchewan50------0--00------15
Alberta354040354545656565605035575
British Columbia503040353525251550303045410
Yukon0000000--0000--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Ports of Entry1,1109352,4553,3602,8152,1452,5702,7802,7202,3702,0552,30027,620
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia--00000000000--
New Brunswick000000--000--0--
Quebec410445165201051010102515151,135
Ontario1015105151015205151515150
Manitoba----000000----00--
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta00000000--000--
British Columbia103040357065354565504530525
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Inland Offices4354902156590806580809070601,820
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – December 2018
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Air Ports of Entry5304454755406605454955507105906907206,940
Land Ports of Entry5804901,9802,8252,1501,6002,0752,2252,0101,7851,3601,57520,655
Marine Ports of Entry--0--05--------------20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,1109352,4553,3602,8152,1452,5702,7802,7202,3702,0552,30027,620
Inland Offices4354902156590806580809070601,820
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,5451,4252,6703,4252,9102,2252,6352,8552,8002,4602,1252,36029,435

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January – December 2018
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador5----0--010--0--5030
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia--------5----5510--550
New Brunswick----55----------5----35
Quebec1,3251,3155355154254755856106709708555908,865
Ontario9309508156651,0159109301,2351,4401,8001,9151,21013,825
Manitoba20201510510102015152015180
Saskatchewan55--55--5--510----55
Alberta9580659070651051151101501101251,190
British Columbia70105909085851151301251901701251,375
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - IRCC2,4552,4851,5301,3901,6201,5501,7702,1202,3703,1553,0852,07025,605

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January – December 2018
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador1051055--10------15--75
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia--55--5----1510105580
New Brunswick----55----55555--50
Quebec2,0652,1052,3752,9252,2951,8802,3352,5052,4452,5852,2002,17527,895
Ontario1,6101,4451,4501,5101,8601,5501,6302,0202,2402,4802,5401,85022,180
Manitoba355070604545656060404035615
Saskatchewan105--1010--5--510----75
Alberta1301201051301151101701801752101601601,765
British Columbia1351701701601901751751902402652451952,310
Yukon0000000--0000--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,0003,9104,2004,8154,5253,7754,4004,9805,1755,6155,2104,43555,040

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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