Asylum claims by year – 2018

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2018 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2018

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 1,458 1,486 1,884 2,479 1,775 1,179 1,552 1,666 1,485 1,334 978 1,242 18,518
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 18 31 53 50 36 31 51 39 44 23 23 11 410
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 3 4 0 0 0 12
British Columbia 41 48 33 31 53 53 31 39 68 37 18 27 479
Total - RCMP 1,517 1,565 1,970 2,560 1,869 1,263 1,634 1,747 1,601 1,394 1,019 1,280 19,419

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – December 2018

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 5 -- 40
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 -- -- -- 0 0 10
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Québec 140 175 240 175 235 245 210 235 335 265 335 355 2,935
Ontario 365 250 215 350 400 275 270 300 340 295 320 335 3,715
Manitoba 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 -- -- 0 0 10
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
Alberta -- 5 10 -- 5 10 -- -- 15 15 15 10 95
British Columbia 10 10 -- 5 10 5 10 5 15 10 15 15 110
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 530 445 475 540 660 545 495 545 705 585 690 715 6,925
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 0 0 -- -- 10
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- 0 10
Québec 195 180 1,435 2,220 1,625 1,160 1,530 1,650 1,425 1,330 1,000 1,215 14,960
Ontario 300 230 415 485 425 355 410 460 460 360 285 285 4,465
Manitoba 15 30 60 45 40 35 55 40 40 25 20 25 425
Saskatchewan 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 10
Alberta 30 30 30 35 35 30 60 65 50 50 35 25 480
British Columbia 45 20 40 30 25 20 15 10 30 20 15 25 295
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 --
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 580 490 1,980 2,825 2,150 1,600 2,075 2,225 2,010 1,785 1,360 1,575 20,655
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- -- -- 0 0 0 10
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Québec 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 0 -- -- 0 10
Ontario -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- --
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 5 -- 40
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 5 -- -- 0 -- 10 -- -- -- -- 30
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- -- 0 10
Québec 330 350 1,670 2,395Footnote * 1,865 1,405 1,740 1,885 1,760 1,595 1,335 1,570 17,905
Ontario 665 480 630 835 825 630 680 760 795 655 605 620 8,185
Manitoba 15 30 60 50 40 35 55 40 40 25 20 25 435
Saskatchewan 5 0 -- -- -- 0 -- 0 0 -- -- -- 15
Alberta 35 40 40 35 45 45 60 65 65 60 50 35 575
British Columbia 55 30 40 35 35 25 25 15 45 30 30 40 405
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 --
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Ports of Entry 1,110 935 2,455 3,360 2,815 2,145 2,570 2,775 2,715 2,370 2,055 2,295 27,605
Inland Offices
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Québec 410 445 165 20 10 5 10 10 10 25 15 15 1,135
Ontario 10 15 10 5 10 10 15 20 5 15 15 15 145
Manitoba -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 --
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 --
British Columbia 10 30 40 35 70 65 35 45 65 50 45 30 525
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 435 490 215 65 90 80 65 80 80 85 70 60 1,815
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – December 2018
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Air Ports of Entry 530 445 475 540 660 545 495 545 705 585 690 715 6,925
Land Ports of Entry 580 490 1,980 2,825 2,150 1,600 2,075 2,225 2,010 1,785 1,360 1,575 20,655
Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,110 935 2,455 3,360 2,815 2,145 2,570 2,775 2,715 2,370 2,055 2,295 27,605
Inland Offices 435 490 215 65 90 80 65 80 80 85 70 60 1,815
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,545 1,425 2,670 3,425 2,905 2,220 2,630 2,855 2,800 2,460 2,125 2,355 29,420

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January – December 2018
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 -- -- 0 -- 0 10 -- 0 -- 5 0 30
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- -- -- 5 -- -- 5 5 10 -- 5 50
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- -- -- -- -- 5 -- -- 35
Québec 1,325 1,315 535 515 425 475 585 610 670 970 855 590 8,865
Ontario 930 950 815 665 1,015 910 930 1,235 1,440 1,800 1,915 1,210 13,825
Manitoba 20 20 15 10 5 10 10 20 15 15 20 15 180
Saskatchewan 5 5 -- 5 5 -- 5 -- 5 10 -- -- 55
Alberta 95 80 65 90 70 65 105 115 110 150 110 125 1,190
British Columbia 70 105 90 90 85 85 115 130 125 190 170 125 1,375
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - IRCC 2,455 2,485 1,530 1,390 1,620 1,550 1,770 2,120 2,370 3,155 3,085 2,070 25,600

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January – December 2018
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 5 10 5 5 -- 10 -- -- -- 15 -- 70
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- 5 5 -- 5 -- -- 15 10 10 5 5 80
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- -- 5 5 5 5 5 -- 50
Québec 2,065 2,110 2,375 2,930 2,300 1,885 2,340 2,500 2,440 2,585 2,205 2,175 27,910
Ontario 1,610 1,440 1,455 1,505 1,855 1,545 1,625 2,015 2,245 2,475 2,535 1,850 22,150
Manitoba 35 50 70 65 45 45 65 60 60 40 40 35 620
Saskatchewan 10 5 -- 10 10 -- 5 -- 5 10 -- -- 75
Alberta 130 120 105 130 115 110 170 180 175 210 160 160 1,765
British Columbia 135 170 170 160 190 175 175 190 235 265 245 195 2,305
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 --
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - CBSA & IRCC 4,005 3,910 4,200 4,815 4,525 3,775 4,400 4,975 5,170 5,610 5,210 4,430 55,020

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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