Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Key figures on asylum claims made in Canada

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

If the claim is determined to be eligible, it will be referred to the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) for a hearing. In making its decisions, the IRB considers whether the claimant meets the United Nations (UN) definition of a Convention refugee, which has been adopted into Canadian law, or is a person in need of protection. Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, every person who wants to enter Canada must appear for an examination at a port of entry in order for government officials to determine whether that person has a right to enter Canada, or if the individual may become authorized to enter and remain in Canada.

The CBSA and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) play a key role in protecting Canada’s border. They deter and intercept illegal entry to Canada and keep Canadians safe. CBSA, the RCMP and their domestic and international partners work together to intercept individuals who enter Canada illegally. No enforcement actions are taken against people seeking asylum as per section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The RCMP is responsible for border security in between ports of entry. The CBSA is responsible for border security at ports of entry and inland.

IRCC’s role in this process is to develop and implement policies, programs and services that facilitate the legitimate arrival of people and their integration into Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country, while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

*All data provided below is preliminary and subject to change. Updates will be provided on a monthly basis.

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2017

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Quebec 245 452 654 672 576 781 2,996 5,530 1,720 1,755 15,381
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 19 142 170 146 106 63 87 80 78 67 958
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
Alberta 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 6
British Columbia 46Footnote * 84 71 32 60 39 51 102 79 68 632
Total - RCMP 315 678 897 859 742 884 3,134 5,712 1,881 1,890 16,992

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - October 2017

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 5 0 -- 0 0 0 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 40 45 50 40 75 70 85 105 125 115 755
Ontario 215 185 145 165 180 135 185 150 250 275 1,895
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- --
Alberta 5 -- -- 15 -- -- 10 -- 10 5 55
British Columbia 20 10 20 15 15 25 20 15 20 20 180
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 285 245 220 235 280 235 300 270 410 420 2,890
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick -- 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 10
Quebec 445 615 780 525 270 265 300 295 200 280 3,975
Ontario 425 445 555 505 500 440 405 505 485 385 4,655
Manitoba -- 15 25 40 30 20 20 15 15 15 200
Saskatchewan -- 0 -- 10 0 -- 0 0 0 0 15
Alberta 15 25 25 10 10 30 20 25 35 10 205
British Columbia 10 20 40 35 20 5 30 40 50 25 280
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 900 1,120 1,430 1,130 830 765 775 880 785 720 9,335
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 0 0 5
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- 0 -- 0 10
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 15
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 5 0 -- 0 0 0 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- -- 0 10
New Brunswick -- 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 10
Quebec 485 660 830 570 340 340 385 400 330 395 4,735
Ontario 640 635 700 670 680 580 590 655 735 660 6,545
Manitoba -- 15 25 40 30 20 20 15 15 15 200
Saskatchewan -- 0 -- 10 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 15
Alberta 20 25 25 25 15 30 30 30 45 15 260
British Columbia 35 35 55 50 40 30 50 50 70 45 460
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,185 1,365 1,645 1,370 1,110 1,000 1,080 1,150 1,195 1,135 12,240
Inland Offices
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 0 0 5
Quebec 10 20 45 65 90 115 1,260 820 410 710 3,545
Ontario 20 25 30 25 10 20 30 55 15 30 260
Manitoba 20 135 55 120 95 50 55 20 20 15 580
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- --
British Columbia 45 80 75 55 80 50 90 145 105 80 810
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 100 255 205 270 275 235 1,440 1,045 550 840 5,205
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - October 2017
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Air Ports of Entry 285 245 220 235 280 235 300 270 410 420 2,890
Land Ports of Entry 900 1,120 1,430 1,130 830 765 775 880 785 720 9,335
Marine Ports of Entry 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 15
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,185 1,365 1,645 1,370 1,110 1,000 1,080 1,150 1,195 1,135 12,240
Inland Offices 100 255 205 270 275 235 1,440 1,045 550 840 5,205
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,280 1,620 1,855 1,640 1,385 1,235 2,520 2,195 1,745 1,975 17,445

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - October 2017

Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 0 -- 0 10
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- 0 -- -- 5 5 -- -- 5 35
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 20
Quebec 270 260 465 505 635 870 1,515 4,600 1,680 1,305 12,110
Ontario 885 905 875 780 960 965 880 1,405 1,005 975 9,635
Manitoba 15 15 115 20 20 25 40 80 50 90 465
Saskatchewan -- 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 -- 0 10
Alberta 110 55 85 60 75 90 75 125 105 110 890
British Columbia 50 40 55 55 55 90 80 105 110 95 730
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Total - IRCC 1,340 1,280 1,600 1,435 1,760 2,045 2,600 6,315 2,955 2,580 23,905

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - October 2017

Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- 0 -- 5 0 -- 0 -- -- 15
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- 0 5 5 5 5 5 -- 5 40
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 10 0 -- 10 -- -- -- 30
Quebec 765 940 1,345 1,140 1,065 1,320 3,165 5,820 2,420 2,410 20,390
Ontario 1,550 1,560 1,605 1,480 1,650 1,565 1,500 2,115 1,750 1,665 16,445
Manitoba 35 160 195 185 150 95 110 110 80 120 1,245
Saskatchewan -- 0 -- 10 5 -- 0 0 -- -- 25
Alberta 130 80 115 85 90 120 105 155 150 130 1,155
British Columbia 130 155 190 160 170 170 220 300 285 225 2,005
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Total - CBSA & IRCC 2,620 2,900 3,455 3,075 3,140 3,280 5,120 8,510 4,700 4,560 41,355

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Historical Data

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