Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Key figures on asylum claims made in Canada

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

If the claim is determined to be eligible, it will be referred to the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) for a hearing. In making its decisions, the IRB considers whether the claimant meets the United Nations (UN) definition of a Convention refugee, which has been adopted into Canadian law, or is a person in need of protection. Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, every person who wants to enter Canada must appear for an examination at a port of entry in order for government officials to determine whether that person has a right to enter Canada, or if the individual may become authorized to enter and remain in Canada.

The CBSA and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) play a key role in protecting Canada’s border. They deter and intercept illegal entry to Canada and keep Canadians safe. CBSA, the RCMP and their domestic and international partners work together to intercept individuals who enter Canada illegally. No enforcement actions are taken against people seeking asylum as per section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The RCMP is responsible for border security in between ports of entry. The CBSA is responsible for border security at ports of entry and inland.

IRCC’s role in this process is to develop and implement policies, programs and services that facilitate the legitimate arrival of people and their integration into Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country, while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians.

2017 Asylum claims

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

*All data provided below is preliminary and subject to change. Updates will be provided on a monthly basis.

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2018

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 1,458 1,486 1,884 2,479 1,775 9,082
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 18 31 53 50 36 188
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 5 5
British Columbia 41 48 33 31 53 206
Total - RCMP 1,517 1,565 1,970 2,560 1,869 9,481

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – May 2018

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 0 25
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 140 175 240 170 245 970
Ontario 370 250 215 350 400 1,585
Manitoba 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 0 0 5
Alberta -- 5 10 -- 5 25
British Columbia 10 5 -- 5 10 35
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 535 445 475 540 665 2,655
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 0 -- 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Quebec 195 180 1,535 2,445 1,860 6,215
Ontario 285 225 330 255 215 1,310
Manitoba 15 20 50 45 40 170
Saskatchewan 0 0 -- -- 0 --
Alberta 30 30 25 20 20 130
British Columbia 20 5 35 25 15 105
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 550 465 1,975 2,795 2,150 7,935
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 -- --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 0 -- --
Ontario -- 0 0 0 0 --
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 10
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 0 25
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 5 -- -- 10
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Quebec 335 355 1,775 2,615Footnote * 2,110 7,190
Ontario 655 475 540 610 615 2,895
Manitoba 15 20 50 50 40 170
Saskatchewan 5 0 -- -- 0 5
Alberta 35 40 35 20 25 155
British Columbia 30 15 40 35 30 145
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,085 910 2,450 3,335 2,820 10,600
Inland Offices
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 420 570 165 20 10 1,180
Ontario 30 25 10 15 20 105
Manitoba -- -- 0 0 0 --
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia 40 45 40 35 65 225
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 490 640 220 75 90 1,515
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – May 2018
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Air Ports of Entry 535 445 475 540 665 2,655
Land Ports of Entry 550 465 1,975 2,795 2,150 7,935
Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 10
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,085 910 2,450 3,335 2,820 10,600
Inland Offices 490 640 220 75 90 1,515
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,575 1,550 2,670 3,410 2,910 12,115

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January – May 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Newfoundland and Labrador -- -- -- 0 -- 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 5 -- -- -- 5 20
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- 15
Quebec 1,325 1,195 540 515 425 4,000
Ontario 915 945 820 685 1,475 4,840
Manitoba 10 15 10 10 10 55
Saskatchewan 5 5 -- 5 5 25
Alberta 95 85 65 95 70 410
British Columbia 75 105 90 90 90 450
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - IRCC 2,430 2,360 1,535 1,410 2,085 9,820

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January – May 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 5 10 5 -- 30
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 10 5 5 -- 5 30
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- 15
Quebec 2,080 2,120 2,480 3,150 2,545 12,370
Ontario 1,600 1,450 1,375 1,310 2,105 7,840
Manitoba 25 35 60 60 50 230
Saskatchewan 10 5 -- 5 5 35
Alberta 130 125 100 115 95 560
British Columbia 140 165 170 160 185 820
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - CBSA & IRCC 4,005 3,910 4,210 4,820 4,995 21,935

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: