Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Key figures on asylum claims made in Canada

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

If the claim is determined to be eligible, it will be referred to the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) for a hearing. In making its decisions, the IRB considers whether the claimant meets the United Nations (UN) definition of a Convention refugee, which has been adopted into Canadian law, or is a person in need of protection. Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, every person who wants to enter Canada must appear for an examination at a port of entry in order for government officials to determine whether that person has a right to enter Canada, or if the individual may become authorized to enter and remain in Canada.

The CBSA and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) play a key role in protecting Canada’s border. They deter and intercept illegal entry to Canada and keep Canadians safe. CBSA, the RCMP and their domestic and international partners work together to intercept individuals who enter Canada illegally. No enforcement actions are taken against people seeking asylum as per section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The RCMP is responsible for border security in between ports of entry. The CBSA is responsible for border security at ports of entry and inland.

IRCC’s role in this process is to develop and implement policies, programs and services that facilitate the legitimate arrival of people and their integration into Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country, while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians.

2017 Asylum claims

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

*All data provided below is preliminary and subject to change. Updates will be provided on a monthly basis.

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2018

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 1,458 1,486 1,884 2,479 1,775 1,179 1,552 1,666 1,485 1,334 16,298
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 18 31 53 50 36 31 51 39 44 23 376
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 3 4 0 12
British Columbia 41 48 33 31 53 53 31 39 68 37 434
Total - RCMP 1,517 1,565 1,970 2,560 1,869 1,263 1,634 1,747 1,601 1,394 17,120

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – October 2018

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 35
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 -- -- -- 10
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Québec 140 175 240 175 235 240 210 230 335 260 2,235
Ontario 365 250 215 350 400 280 275 305 335 295 3,070
Manitoba 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 -- 0 10
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 5
Alberta -- 5 10 -- 5 10 -- -- 15 15 70
British Columbia 10 5 -- 5 10 5 10 5 15 15 85
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 530 445 475 540 660 545 495 545 705 590 5,520
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- 10
Québec 195 180 1,445 2,220 1,625 1,160 1,535 1,660 1,445 1,360 12,825
Ontario 295 230 405 485 420 355 405 455 440 335 3,825
Manitoba 15 30 55 45 40 35 55 40 45 25 385
Saskatchewan 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 0 -- 5
Alberta 30 30 30 35 35 30 60 65 50 45 415
British Columbia 45 25 40 30 25 20 15 10 35 20 260
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 585 490 1,980 2,825 2,150 1,600 2,075 2,230 2,015 1,790 17,735
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- -- -- 0 10
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Québec 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 0 -- 5
Ontario -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 -- -- -- -- -- 15
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 35
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 5 -- -- 0 -- 5 -- -- 25
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- 10
Québec 335 350 1,685 2,395Footnote * 1,870 1,405 1,740 1,890 1,780 1,620 15,070
Ontario 665 480 620 830 820 630 680 760 780 635 6,900
Manitoba 15 30 55 50 40 35 55 40 45 25 395
Saskatchewan 5 0 -- -- -- 0 -- 0 0 -- 15
Alberta 35 35 40 35 45 45 60 65 60 60 485
British Columbia 55 30 40 35 35 25 25 15 45 35 345
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Ports of Entry 1,115 935 2,455 3,360 2,815 2,145 2,565 2,780 2,720 2,380 23,275
Inland Offices
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 --
Québec 410 445 165 20 10 5 15 10 10 25 1,110
Ontario 10 15 10 5 10 10 15 20 5 15 115
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 --
British Columbia 10 30 40 35 70 65 35 45 65 45 450
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 435 490 215 65 90 75 65 80 80 85 1,680
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – October 2018
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Air Ports of Entry 530 445 475 540 660 545 495 545 705 590 5,520
Land Ports of Entry 585 490 1,980 2,825 2,150 1,600 2,075 2,230 2,015 1,790 17,735
Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 -- -- -- -- -- 15
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,115 935 2,455 3,360 2,815 2,145 2,565 2,780 2,720 2,380 23,275
Inland Offices 435 490 215 65 90 75 65 80 80 85 1,680
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,545 1,425 2,670 3,425 2,905 2,220 2,630 2,860 2,805 2,465 24,950

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January – October 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 -- -- 0 -- 0 10 -- 0 -- 25
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- -- -- 5 -- -- 5 5 10 40
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- -- -- -- -- 5 30
Québec 1,320 1,315 535 515 425 475 585 610 670 970 7,415
Ontario 925 950 815 665 1,015 910 930 1,235 1,450 2,595 11,495
Manitoba 20 20 15 10 5 10 10 20 15 20 150
Saskatchewan 5 5 -- 5 5 -- 5 -- 5 10 55
Alberta 95 80 65 90 70 65 105 115 110 185 990
British Columbia 70 105 90 90 85 85 115 130 125 205 1,100
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - IRCC 2,450 2,480 1,530 1,390 1,620 1,550 1,770 2,120 2,380 4,005 21,295

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January – October 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 5 10 5 5 -- 10 -- -- -- 60
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- 5 5 -- 5 -- -- 15 10 10 65
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- -- 5 5 5 5 40
Québec 2,065 2,110 2,385 2,935 2,300 1,880 2,340 2,505 2,460 2,615 23,595
Ontario 1,600 1,440 1,445 1,505 1,850 1,550 1,625 2,015 2,235 3,245 18,505
Manitoba 35 50 70 65 50 45 65 60 60 40 545
Saskatchewan 10 5 -- 10 10 -- 5 -- 5 10 65
Alberta 130 120 105 130 115 110 170 180 170 245 1,475
British Columbia 135 170 170 160 190 175 175 190 235 285 1,890
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - CBSA & IRCC 3,995 3,905 4,205 4,815 4,525 3,775 4,400 4,980 5,185 6,465 46,245

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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