Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Key figures on asylum claims made in Canada

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

If the claim is determined to be eligible, it will be referred to the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) for a hearing. In making its decisions, the IRB considers whether the claimant meets the United Nations (UN) definition of a Convention refugee, which has been adopted into Canadian law, or is a person in need of protection. Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, every person who wants to enter Canada must appear for an examination at a port of entry in order for government officials to determine whether that person has a right to enter Canada, or if the individual may become authorized to enter and remain in Canada.

The CBSA and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) play a key role in protecting Canada’s border. They deter and intercept illegal entry to Canada and keep Canadians safe. CBSA, the RCMP and their domestic and international partners work together to intercept individuals who enter Canada illegally. No enforcement actions are taken against people seeking asylum as per section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The RCMP is responsible for border security in between ports of entry. The CBSA is responsible for border security at ports of entry and inland.

IRCC’s role in this process is to develop and implement policies, programs and services that facilitate the legitimate arrival of people and their integration into Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country, while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians.

2017 Asylum claims

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

*All data provided below is preliminary and subject to change. Updates will be provided on a monthly basis.

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2018

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 1,458 1,486 1,884 2,479 1,775 1,179 1,552 11,813
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 18 31 53 50 36 31 51 270
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 5
British Columbia 41 48 33 31 53 53 31 290
Total - RCMP 1,517 1,565 1,970 2,560 1,869 1,263 1,634 12,378

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – July 2018

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 0 -- 0 25
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 140 175 240 170 240 245 205 1,415
Ontario 370 250 215 355 405 280 280 2,150
Manitoba 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 --
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
Alberta -- 5 10 -- 5 5 -- 30
British Columbia 10 5 -- 5 10 5 10 50
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 535 445 475 540 665 540 495 3,690
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 0 -- --
Quebec 195 180 1,420 2,265 1,680 1,160 1,625 8,525
Ontario 285 225 340 270 220 300 330 1,975
Manitoba 15 20 50 45 40 35 55 265
Saskatchewan 0 0 -- -- 0 0 0 --
Alberta 30 30 25 20 20 20 40 190
British Columbia 20 5 35 30 15 10 25 145
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 550 465 1,875 2,635 1,975 1,525 2,075 11,105
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- 5
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 5
Ontario -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 -- -- 10
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 5 5 0 -- 0 25
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 -- 5 -- -- 0 -- 10
New Brunswick 0 0 -- 0 0 0 -- --
Quebec 335 355 1,660 2,435Footnote * 1,925 1,405 1,830 9,945
Ontario 660 475 550 625 625 585 610 4,130
Manitoba 15 20 50 50 40 35 55 265
Saskatchewan 5 0 -- -- 0 0 0 5
Alberta 35 35 35 20 25 25 40 220
British Columbia 30 15 40 35 30 15 35 195
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Ports of Entry 1,085 910 2,350 3,175 2,650 2,070 2,570 14,805
Inland Offices
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- --
Quebec 420 575 175 30 10 -- 15 1,225
Ontario 30 40 120 160 170 55 20 600
Manitoba -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 --
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 0 --
British Columbia 40 45 40 35 70 70 35 335
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 490 665 335 225 250 135 70 2,170
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January – July 2018
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Air Ports of Entry 535 445 475 540 665 540 495 3,690
Land Ports of Entry 550 465 1,875 2,635 1,975 1,525 2,075 11,100
Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 -- 0 5 -- -- 10
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,085 910 2,350 3,175 2,650 2,070 2,570 14,805
Inland Offices 490 665 335 225 250 135 70 2,170
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,575 1,570 2,685 3,395 2,895 2,205 2,640 16,975

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January – July 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador -- -- -- 0 -- 0 10 15
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 5 -- -- -- 5 -- -- 25
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- -- -- 20
Quebec 1,325 1,175 525 515 420 475 580 5,015
Ontario 915 945 820 680 1,020 915 1,655 6,945
Manitoba 10 15 10 10 10 20 10 85
Saskatchewan 5 5 -- 5 5 -- 5 35
Alberta 95 85 70 115 90 75 110 635
British Columbia 70 105 90 90 85 85 135 665
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - IRCC 2,430 2,335 1,520 1,420 1,640 1,575 2,505 13,435

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January – July 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 5 10 5 -- -- 10 40
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 10 5 5 -- 5 -- -- 35
New Brunswick -- -- 5 5 -- -- 5 20
Quebec 2,080 2,105 2,355 2,975 2,360 1,880 2,425 16,185
Ontario 1,605 1,465 1,490 1,465 1,815 1,555 2,285 11,670
Manitoba 25 35 60 60 50 55 65 350
Saskatchewan 10 5 -- 5 5 -- 5 40
Alberta 130 125 105 135 115 105 150 860
British Columbia 140 165 170 165 185 175 200 1,200
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - CBSA & IRCC 4,005 3,910 4,210 4,820 4,535 3,780 5,145 30,405

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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