Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Key figures on asylum claims made in Canada

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

If the claim is determined to be eligible, it will be referred to the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) for a hearing. In making its decisions, the IRB considers whether the claimant meets the United Nations (UN) definition of a Convention refugee, which has been adopted into Canadian law, or is a person in need of protection. Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, every person who wants to enter Canada must appear for an examination at a port of entry in order for government officials to determine whether that person has a right to enter Canada, or if the individual may become authorized to enter and remain in Canada.

The CBSA and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) play a key role in protecting Canada’s border. They deter and intercept illegal entry to Canada and keep Canadians safe. CBSA, the RCMP and their domestic and international partners work together to intercept individuals who enter Canada illegally. No enforcement actions are taken against people seeking asylum as per section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The RCMP is responsible for border security in between ports of entry. The CBSA is responsible for border security at ports of entry and inland.

IRCC’s role in this process is to develop and implement policies, programs and services that facilitate the legitimate arrival of people and their integration into Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country, while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians.

2017 Asylum claims

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

*All data provided below is preliminary and subject to change. Updates will be provided on a monthly basis.

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2018

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 1,458 1,486 2,944
Ontario 0 0 0
Manitoba 18 31 49
Saskatchewan 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0
British Columbia 41 48 89
Total - RCMP 1,517 1,565 3,082

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), February 2018

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 140 180 320
Ontario 375 255 630
Manitoba 0 0 0
Saskatchewan -- 0 --
Alberta -- -- 5
British Columbia 10 10 20
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 535 445 980
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 215 185 400
Ontario 285 215 500
Manitoba 15 30 45
Saskatchewan 0 0 0
Alberta 15 25 45
British Columbia 25 25 50
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 555 480 1,035
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec -- 0 --
Ontario 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 --
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 355 365 720
Ontario 660 470 1,130
Manitoba 15 30 45
Saskatchewan -- 0 --
Alberta 20 30 50
British Columbia 35 30 70
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,090 925 2,015
Inland Offices
Provinces Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 415 440 855
Ontario 15 20 40
Manitoba -- -- --
Saskatchewan 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0
British Columbia 35 -- 40
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 465 465 935
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), February 2018
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Total
Air Ports of Entry 535 445 980
Land Ports of Entry 555 480 1,035
Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 --
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,090 925 2,015
Inland Offices 465 465 935
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,560 1,390 2,950

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), February 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador -- -- --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 5 -- 10
New Brunswick -- -- --
Quebec 1,330 1,310 2,640
Ontario 925 935 1,860
Manitoba 10 15 25
Saskatchewan 5 5 10
Alberta 95 80 175
British Columbia 75 110 185
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0
Total - IRCC 2,445 2,465 4,910

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, February 2018
Provinces Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador -- -- --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 10 -- 10
New Brunswick -- -- --
Quebec 2,095 2,115 4,210
Ontario 1,600 1,430 3,030
Manitoba 30 45 70
Saskatchewan 10 5 15
Alberta 115 110 225
British Columbia 145 145 295
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0
Total - CBSA & IRCC 4,005 3,855 7,860

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Historical Data

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