Asylum claims by year – 2019

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2019 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2019

RCMP Interceptions
ProvincesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
New Brunswick000000
Quebec8718009671,2061,1494,993
Ontario000000
Manitoba1113152757
Saskatchewan000000
Alberta010001
British Columbia16622252089
Total - RCMP8888081,0021,2461,1965,140

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - May 2019

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--000----
Prince Edward Island000000
Nova Scotia000000
New Brunswick000000
Québec2452202352253251,245
Ontario2202403452702551,330
Manitoba000000
Saskatchewan000000
Alberta105--20--45
British Columbia1520204025115
Yukon000000
Northwest Territories000000
Nunavut000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry4954856005506102,740
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000--0--
Prince Edward Island000000
Nova Scotia0----005
New Brunswick00----0--
Québec8607859351,1501,1804,910
Ontario2602252702753151,340
Manitoba--515203070
Saskatchewan--005010
Alberta2515152530115
British Columbia151035102090
Yukon000000
Northwest Territories--0000--
Nunavut0--000--
Total - Land Ports of Entry1,1651,0451,2701,4851,5756,545
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000000
Prince Edward Island000000
Nova Scotia000000
New Brunswick000000
Québec0000----
Ontario000000
Manitoba000000
Saskatchewan000000
Alberta000000
British Columbia0--0--0--
Yukon000000
Northwest Territories000000
Nunavut000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry0--0------
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--00------
Prince Edward Island000000
Nova Scotia0----005
New Brunswick00----0--
Québec1,1101,0051,1651,3701,5056,155
Ontario4804656105405702,670
Manitoba--515203070
Saskatchewan--005010
Alberta3520204535155
British Columbia3030555045205
Yukon000000
Northwest Territories--0000--
Nunavut0--000--
Total - Ports of Entry1,6601,5301,8702,0402,1859,285
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000000
Prince Edward Island000000
Nova Scotia000000
New Brunswick000000
Québec101510202585
Ontario301020151585
Manitoba000000
Saskatchewan000000
Alberta000--0--
British Columbia3030353525150
Yukon000000
Northwest Territories000000
Nunavut000000
Total - Inland Offices6560657060325
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - May 2019
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Air Ports of Entry4954856005506102,740
Land Ports of Entry1,1651,0451,2701,4851,5756,545
Marine Ports of Entry0--0------
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,6601,5301,8702,0402,1859,285
Inland Offices6560657060325
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,7251,5901,9352,1102,2509,610

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - May 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--------05
Prince Edward Island000000
Nova Scotia101055--35
New Brunswick10--------20
Québec7457556706607203,545
Ontario1,6451,5751,3301,2351,3807,165
Manitoba1025--102565
Saskatchewan1555----30
Alberta10010595105135545
British Columbia175175175195235960
Yukon000000
Northwest Territories000000
Nunavut000000
Outside Canada000000
Total - IRCC2,7102,6502,2902,2102,50512,370

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - May 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador----------10
Prince Edward Island000000
Nova Scotia1015105--40
New Brunswick10----5--20
Québec1,8651,7751,8452,0552,2509,790
Ontario2,1552,0501,9601,7901,9659,920
Manitoba1030203055140
Saskatchewan155510--35
Alberta135130115150170705
British Columbia2302352652803051,315
Yukon000000
Northwest Territories--0000--
Nunavut0--000--
Outside Canada000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,4354,2404,2304,3254,75521,980

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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