Asylum claims by year – 2019

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2019 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2019

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 871 800 967 1,206 1,149 1,536 1,835 8,364
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 1 1 13 15 27 26 23 106
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Alberta 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
British Columbia 16 6 22 25 20 5 15 109
Total - RCMP 888 808 1,002 1,246 1,196 1,567 1,874 8,581

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - July 2019

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--000------5
Prince Edward Island00000000
Nova Scotia00000--0--
New Brunswick00000000
Québec2452202302253253203801,950
Ontario2202403452702552652551,850
Manitoba00000--0--
Saskatchewan00000--0--
Alberta105520--25575
British Columbia15202040201530160
Yukon00000000
Northwest Territories00000000
Nunavut00000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106356754,045
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000----00--
Prince Edward Island00000000
Nova Scotia0----00--010
New Brunswick00--000----
Québec8607859301,1451,1701,5001,8908,275
Ontario2602302702753203053702,025
Manitoba--51520304030145
Saskatchewan--00500--10
Alberta25151525352545185
British Columbia15103510152525135
Yukon00000000
Northwest Territories--000000--
Nunavut0--00000--
Total - Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5701,8952,36010,790
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador00000000
Prince Edward Island00000000
Nova Scotia00000--0--
New Brunswick00000000
Québec0000----510
Ontario000000----
Manitoba00000000
Saskatchewan00000000
Alberta00000000
British Columbia0--0--0--0--
Yukon00000000
Northwest Territories00000000
Nunavut00000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry0--0------1015
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--00--------10
Prince Edward Island00000000
Nova Scotia0----00--010
New Brunswick00--000----
Québec1,1051,0051,1651,3651,4951,8202,27510,235
Ontario4804656155455755706253,875
Manitoba--51520304030145
Saskatchewan--0050----10
Alberta35202045355050265
British Columbia30305550354555295
Yukon00000000
Northwest Territories--000000--
Nunavut0--00000--
Total - Ports of Entry1,6551,5301,8702,0402,1802,5303,04514,850
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador00000000
Prince Edward Island00000000
Nova Scotia00000000
New Brunswick00000000
Québec10151520251020120
Ontario30102015152010120
Manitoba00000000
Saskatchewan00000000
Alberta000--000--
British Columbia30303535251025185
Yukon00000000
Northwest Territories00000000
Nunavut00000000
Total - Inland Offices65606575654555425
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - July 2019
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106356754,045
Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5701,8952,36010,790
Marine Ports of Entry0--0------1015
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,6551,5301,8702,0402,1802,5303,04514,850
Inland Offices65606575654555425
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,7201,5901,9402,1102,2452,5753,09515,275

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - July 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--------05010
Prince Edward Island00000000
Nova Scotia101055------40
New Brunswick10--------0--20
Québec7457556706607157351,0355,310
Ontario1,6451,5751,3301,2351,3651,1801,90010,235
Manitoba1025--1020102595
Saskatchewan1555----5--40
Alberta10010595105120115210850
British Columbia1751751751951852153951,520
Yukon00000000
Northwest Territories00000000
Nunavut00000000
Outside Canada00000000
Total - IRCC2,7102,6502,2902,2102,4152,2653,57018,115

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - July 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador----------10--20
Prince Edward Island00000000
Nova Scotia1015105--10--50
New Brunswick10--------0--20
Québec1,8601,7751,8452,0502,2402,5703,33015,665
Ontario2,1552,0501,9651,7951,9601,7702,53514,225
Manitoba10302030555055240
Saskatchewan155510--5550
Alberta1351301201551551602601,115
British Columbia2302352652752452704752,000
Yukon00000000
Northwest Territories--000000--
Nunavut0--00000--
Outside Canada00000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,4304,2404,2304,3254,6604,8406,66533,390

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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