Asylum claims by year – 2019

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2019 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2019

RCMP Interceptions
ProvincesJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOctTotal
New Brunswick00000000000
Quebec8718009671,2061,1491,5361,8351,7121,7011,59513,372
Ontario00000000000
Manitoba111315272623261918169
Saskatchewan00000012014
Alberta01000000001
British Columbia16622252051522178156
Total - RCMP8888081,0021,2461,1961,5671,8741,7621,7371,62213,702

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - October 2019

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--000--------0515
Prince Edward Island00000000000
Nova Scotia00000--0----05
New Brunswick00000000000
Quebec2502202302253303203603904503903,170
Ontario2202403452652552652752854354002,985
Manitoba00000------005
Saskatchewan00000--0000--
Alberta105520--2010152515130
British Columbia15202040201525202525220
Yukon00000000000
Northwest Territories00000000000
Nunavut00000000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106306757159408356,535
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000----000--0--
Prince Edward Island00000000000
Nova Scotia0----00----00--10
New Brunswick000000--00----
Quebec8607809301,1351,1651,4851,8601,7151,7001,64513,280
Ontario2552302702853203153853503602953,065
Manitoba--51520304030302520220
Saskatchewan--00500----0--15
Alberta25151525352550452040305
British Columbia15103510153020202525200
Yukon00000000000
Northwest Territories--000000000--
Nunavut0--00000000--
Total - Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5651,8952,3602,1602,1302,03017,105
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador00000000000
Prince Edward Island00000000000
Nova Scotia00000--0000--
New Brunswick00000000000
Quebec0000----5--0015
Ontario000000--0------
Manitoba00000000000
Saskatchewan00000000000
Alberta00000000000
British Columbia0--0--0--0000--
Yukon00000000000
Northwest Territories00000000000
Nunavut00000000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry0--0------10------20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--00------------520
Prince Edward Island00000000000
Nova Scotia0----00----------20
New Brunswick000000--00----
Quebec1,1101,0001,1651,3601,4951,8102,2302,1102,1502,03516,465
Ontario4754706155505755806606357957006,050
Manitoba--51520304035302520225
Saskatchewan--0050------0--15
Alberta35202045354560605055435
British Columbia30305550354550404550425
Yukon00000000000
Northwest Territories--000000000--
Nunavut0--00000000--
Total - Ports of Entry1,6551,5301,8702,0352,1802,5303,0452,8753,0702,87023,660
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador00000000000
Prince Edward Island00000000000
Nova Scotia00000000000
New Brunswick00000000000
Quebec10151520251020101020160
Ontario30102015152010152520180
Manitoba000000000----
Saskatchewan00000000--0--
Alberta000--000--0--5
British Columbia30303535251030252515255
Yukon00000000000
Northwest Territories00000000000
Nunavut00000000000
Total - Inland Offices65607075654560506555605
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - October 2019
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106306757159408356,535
Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5651,8952,3602,1602,1302,03017,105
Marine Ports of Entry0--0------10------20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,6551,5301,8702,0352,1802,5303,0452,8753,0702,87023,660
Inland Offices65607075654560506555605
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,7201,5901,9402,1102,2402,5753,1052,9303,1352,92524,265

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - October 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--------050--0--15
Prince Edward Island00000000000
Nova Scotia101055------501055
New Brunswick10--------0----5--30
Quebec7457556706607157351,0359359301,0508,230
Ontario1,6451,5751,3301,2351,3651,1801,8701,9451,9651,98516,095
Manitoba1025--10201025302015160
Saskatchewan1555----5--1010565
Alberta100105951051201152051151451451,255
British Columbia1751751751951852153953252853302,460
Yukon00000000000
Northwest Territories00000000000
Nunavut00000000000
Outside Canada00000000000
Total - IRCC2,7102,6502,2902,2102,4202,2653,5353,3703,3603,54528,360

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - October 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador----------10--5--535
Prince Edward Island00000000000
Nova Scotia1015105--10--10--1075
New Brunswick10--------0----5--30
Quebec1,8651,7701,8452,0452,2402,5553,2903,0553,0903,10524,855
Ontario2,1502,0501,9651,8001,9601,7802,5402,5902,7852,70522,330
Manitoba10302030555055604535385
Saskatchewan155510--5510151080
Alberta1351301201551551602701751952051,695
British Columbia2302352652752452704703903603953,140
Yukon00000000000
Northwest Territories--000000000--
Nunavut0--00000000--
Outside Canada00000000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,4304,2404,2304,3204,6604,8406,6406,3006,4956,47052,625

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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