Asylum claims by year – 2019

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2019 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2019

RCMP Interceptions
ProvincesJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugustTotal
New Brunswick000000000
Quebec8718009671,2061,1491,5361,8351,71210,076
Ontario000000000
Manitoba11131527262326132
Saskatchewan000000123
Alberta010000001
British Columbia16622252051522131
Total - RCMP8888081,0021,2461,1961,5671,8741,76210,343

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - August 2019

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--000--------10
Prince Edward Island000000000
Nova Scotia00000--0----
New Brunswick000000000
Quebec2452202352253303153703902,330
Ontario2202403452702552652702802,140
Manitoba00000--00--
Saskatchewan00000--00--
Alberta105520--25101590
British Columbia1520204020153020180
Yukon000000000
Northwest Territories000000000
Nunavut000000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106306757104,755
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000--0000--
Prince Edward Island000000000
Nova Scotia0----00----010
New Brunswick00--000--0--
Quebec8607809301,1351,1651,4901,8651,7409,965
Ontario2552302752853203153853352,400
Manitoba--5152030403030175
Saskatchewan--00500----15
Alberta2515152535255040235
British Columbia1510351015302020155
Yukon000000000
Northwest Territories--0000000--
Nunavut0--000000--
Total - Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5701,8952,3602,17012,960
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000000000
Prince Edward Island000000000
Nova Scotia00000--00--
New Brunswick000000000
Quebec0000----5--15
Ontario000000--0--
Manitoba000000000
Saskatchewan000000000
Alberta000000000
British Columbia0--0--0--00--
Yukon000000000
Northwest Territories000000000
Nunavut000000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry0--0------10--20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--00----------10
Prince Edward Island000000000
Nova Scotia0----00------15
New Brunswick00--000--0--
Quebec1,1101,0001,1601,3601,4951,8052,2402,13512,305
Ontario4754706155555755806556154,545
Manitoba--5152030403030175
Saskatchewan--0050------15
Alberta3520204535506055325
British Columbia3030555035455045335
Yukon000000000
Northwest Territories--0000000--
Nunavut0--000000--
Total - Ports of Entry1,6551,5301,8702,0352,1802,5303,0452,88517,735
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000000000
Prince Edward Island000000000
Nova Scotia000000000
New Brunswick000000000
Quebec1015152025102010130
Ontario3010201515201015135
Manitoba000000000
Saskatchewan000000000
Alberta000--000--5
British Columbia3030353525102525215
Yukon000000000
Northwest Territories000000000
Nunavut000000000
Total - Inland Offices6560657565456050480
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - August 2019
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106306757104,755
Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5701,8952,3602,17012,960
Marine Ports of Entry0--0------10--20
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,6551,5301,8702,0352,1802,5303,0452,88517,735
Inland Offices6560657565456050480
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,7201,5901,9402,1102,2452,5753,1052,93518,215

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - August 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--------050--15
Prince Edward Island000000000
Nova Scotia101055------545
New Brunswick10--------0----25
Quebec7457556706607157351,0359356,250
Ontario1,6451,5751,3301,2351,3651,1801,8801,96512,180
Manitoba1025--1020102530125
Saskatchewan1555----5--1045
Alberta10010595105120115210115965
British Columbia1751751751951852153953251,840
Yukon000000000
Northwest Territories000000000
Nunavut000000000
Outside Canada000000000
Total - IRCC2,7102,6502,2902,2102,4202,2653,5503,39021,490

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - August 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador----------10--525
Prince Edward Island000000000
Nova Scotia1015105--10--1060
New Brunswick10--------0----25
Quebec1,8601,7701,8402,0402,2402,5553,3003,08018,685
Ontario2,1502,0551,9651,8051,9601,7802,5502,59516,860
Manitoba1030203055505560300
Saskatchewan155510--551060
Alberta1351301201551551602651701,295
British Columbia2302352652752452704753902,390
Yukon000000000
Northwest Territories--0000000--
Nunavut0--000000--
Outside Canada000000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,4304,2404,2304,3254,6604,8406,6556,33039,705

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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