Asylum claims by year – 2019

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2019 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2019

RCMP Interceptions
ProvincesJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOctNovDecTotal
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec8718009671,2061,1491,5361,8351,7121,7011,5951,1181,64616,136
Ontario0000000000000
Manitoba11131527262326191892180
Saskatchewan0000001201004
Alberta0100000000001
British Columbia16622252051522178215182
Total - RCMP8888081,0021,2461,1961,5671,8741,7621,7371,6221,1481,65316,503

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January 2019 - December 2019

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000----000--00--
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00000--0----0005
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec2452202302253253253853904503903252953,795
Ontario2252453502652552602502854354004504253,845
Manitoba0000000000000
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta10--015--2551525101510135
British Columbia152025452520352025403035335
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106306757159408408207708,125
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00000--000000--
New Brunswick--0--000--00--005
Quebec9008259951,2201,2001,5651,9201,7801,7451,6701,1651,67516,660
Ontario2202052102253052653403053252852452303,160
Manitoba--5152030353030252015--230
Saskatchewan000000--------0--5
Alberta20--101015--403015201010180
British Columbia151035101525252025301515240
Yukon000000000--00--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5651,8952,3552,1602,1302,0301,4501,93520,485
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000000000--00--
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0000000000000
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec0000----5------0--20
Ontario0000000000000
Manitoba0000000000000
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta0000000000000
British Columbia0--0--0----000--05
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry0--0------10----------25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000----000--005
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00000--0----0005
New Brunswick--0--000--00--005
Quebec1,1451,0401,2251,4451,5251,8952,3102,1702,1952,0601,4901,97520,475
Ontario4504505604905605205905907606856906607,005
Manitoba--5152030353030252015--230
Saskatchewan000000--------0--5
Alberta30510251525454040302520315
British Columbia302555554550604050705050580
Yukon000000000--00--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Ports of Entry1,6551,5301,8702,0352,1802,5303,0402,8753,0702,8702,2702,71028,635
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0000000000000
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec101515202510201010201520195
Ontario301020151520101525201520225
Manitoba000000000--00--
Saskatchewan00000000--000--
Alberta000--000--0--005
British Columbia303035352510302525152525305
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Inland Offices656070756545605065605565730
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January 2019 - December 2019
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Air Ports of Entry4954856005506106306757159408408207708,125
Land Ports of Entry1,1601,0451,2701,4851,5651,8952,3552,1602,1302,0301,4501,93520,485
Marine Ports of Entry0--0------10----------25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,6551,5301,8702,0352,1802,5303,0402,8753,0702,8702,2702,71028,635
Inland Offices656070756545605065605565730
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,7201,5901,9402,1102,2402,5753,1002,9303,1352,9302,3252,77029,365

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January 2019 - December 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador--------050--00--015
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia101055------501025--80
New Brunswick10--------0----5--10--40
Quebec7457556706607157351,0359359301,0501,0001,36010,595
Ontario1,6451,5751,3301,2351,3701,1801,8701,9451,9651,9701,5801,52019,185
Manitoba1025--102010253020151010180
Saskatchewan1555----5--10105101590
Alberta100105951051201152051151451451201551,530
British Columbia1751751751951852153953252853252852252,965
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - IRCC2,7102,6502,2902,2102,4202,2653,5353,3703,3653,5253,0403,29534,680

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January 2019 - December 2019
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador----------50--0----020
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia101055--5--10--1025--90
New Brunswick10--------0----5--10--45
Quebec1,9001,8101,9052,1252,2702,6403,3703,1153,1403,1302,5053,35531,265
Ontario2,1252,0351,9101,7401,9451,7252,4702,5502,7502,6802,2902,20026,415
Manitoba103020255545555540352515410
Saskatchewan1555----55101551015100
Alberta1301151051351351402501601851801451751,855
British Columbia2352352702802502754803903654103603003,850
Yukon000000000--00--
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,4304,2404,2304,3204,6654,8406,6356,3006,5006,4555,3656,06564,045

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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