Asylum claims by year – 2020

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2020 and are still subject to change.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum claims and interceptions

Monthly report - Calendar year 2020

RCMP Interceptions
ProvincesJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugustSeptOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000001000001
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec1,086976930117282915302724263,189
Ontario0000000000000
Manitoba72700123400228
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta0000000000000
British Columbia7218543170758884
Total - RCMP1,100980955621324918413232363,302

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - July 2020

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0000000000000
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec245330185----5515--101535850
Ontario280295185----10152515203030920
Manitoba00--000000000--
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta----500000000--10
British Columbia352020--0----0--0--080
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Air Ports of Entry56565039555152540253045701,860
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0000000000000
New Brunswick--0--000--00--005
Quebec1,1251,0109651514080115120100135951704,075
Ontario190175140104055801001301401251351,320
Manitoba5--50----------0----30
Saskatchewan--0--00----0--0005
Alberta--10200--010----1051085
British Columbia15205----5201515251010150
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Land Ports of Entry1,3451,2151,135301851452302402503152403305,665
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0000----00000--5
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec00000----00000--
Ontario0000000000000
Manitoba0000000000000
Saskatchewan0000000000000
Alberta0000000000000
British Columbia000--0000--0005
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Marine Ports of Entry000----5--0--00--15
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000000000000
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia0000----00000--5
New Brunswick--0--000--00--005
Quebec1,3751,3401,14520140901201301051451102054,930
Ontario470470325154565951251451601551652,235
Manitoba5--50----------0----30
Saskatchewan--0--00----0--0005
Alberta515250--010----10515100
British Columbia50402510--5201520251010235
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Ports of Entry1,9101,8651,530401951652552802753402854007,545
Inland Offices
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador000000----0000--
Prince Edward Island0000000000000
Nova Scotia00--000000000--
New Brunswick0000000000000
Quebec201510--5555------1090
Ontario251520------5510----5100
Manitoba00--00000--000--
Saskatchewan--00000000000--
Alberta0000000--0000--
British Columbia1520300015101515101510150
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Total - Inland Offices60506051020253025152025350
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January 2020 - December 2020
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland officesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Air Ports of Entry56565039555152540253045701,860
Land Ports of Entry1,3451,2151,135301851452302402503152403305,665
Marine Ports of Entry000----5--0--00--15
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)1,9101,8651,530401951652552802753402854007,545
Inland Offices60506051020253025152025350
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices1,9701,9151,590502051902803103003553054207,895

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January 2020 - December 2020
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000--000--0----10
Prince Edward Island000--0----0------010
Nova Scotia515--1010----00--01060
New Brunswick--100--5--------0--030
Quebec9056555953302704252352453402903052304,820
Ontario1,3901,1551,0758407006602853654204904904458,315
Manitoba2020301551055551010145
Saskatchewan------5--00--05----25
Alberta15512095656050403545356045805
British Columbia2252451852401501655575100110135901,780
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - IRCC2,7002,2251,9851,5151,1951,3206257309159451,01583016,000

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January 2020 - December 2020
Provinces/TerritoriesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
Newfoundland and Labrador0000--0------0----10
Prince Edward Island000--0----0------010
Nova Scotia515510105--00--01065
New Brunswick--10----5------------035
Quebec2,2952,0101,7503504155203653804454354204459,840
Ontario1,8851,6401,41586075072539049557065564561510,650
Manitoba2520401551010101051015180
Saskatchewan------5----------5----35
Alberta160135120656050504545507055905
British Columbia290305240250150185851051351451651102,165
Yukon0000000000000
Northwest Territories0000000000000
Nunavut0000000000000
Outside Canada0000000000000
Total - CBSA & IRCC4,6704,1403,5751,5651,4001,5059051,0401,2151,3001,3251,25523,890

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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