Operational Guidance: Framework for determining whether a Monitoring Committee is warranted for a Designated Project under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 2012 and under the Impact Assessment Act


Paragraph 156(2)(e) of the Impact Assessment Act (IAA) provides the Impact Assessment Agency of Canada (the Agency) with the authority to establish monitoring committees for matters related to the implementation of follow-up programs and adaptive management plans. Agency-established monitoring committees put in place under this provision of the IAA are distinct from the requirement for monitoring led by proponents as part of a follow-up program.

Monitoring committees can be an important tool to provide oversight and guidance on the requirements set out in the proponents’ follow-up and monitoring program. Monitoring committees can also help provide additional confidence in the science, Indigenous knowledge and other forms of evidence used in follow-up and monitoring programs, ultimately leading to greater public trust in the assessment process. However, not every designated project will require a monitoring committee and the Agency will make this determination on a project-by-project basis.


The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on key considerations and the criteria that the Agency uses to determine whether a designated project would warrant a monitoring committee.

Criteria to determine if a Monitoring Committee is warranted

This framework and criteria will be applied to designated projects assessed under both the Impact Assessment Act and the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA 2012).

The following criteria will inform the Agency’s decision of whether a monitoring committee is required for a designated project:

In determining whether a monitoring committee is warranted, the Agency will consider all of the criteria as appropriate on a project-by-project basis. The Agency will make the decision public in a coordinated manner once the Minister or Governor in Council has made the public interest decision.

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