Abbreviations

A

ABC
airway, breathing and circulation
ABO
blood typing system
ACE
angiotensin-converting enzyme
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ALT
alanine aminotransferase
ANA
antinuclear antibody
AP
anteroposterior
ASA
acetylsalicylic acid
ASAE
adult sexual assault examination
AST
aspartate aminotransferase
AZT
zidovudine

B

BCG
bacille Calmette-Guérin
bid
twice a day
bpm
beats per minute
BUN
blood urea nitrogen

C

CHF
congestive heart failure
CNS
central nervous system
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CT
computed tomography
CVA
cerebrovascular accident

D

D5W
5% dextrose in water
D5W/0.25% NS
5% dextrose in 0.25% normal saline
DIP
distal interphalangeal
DS
double strength
DTs
delirium tremens
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding

E

ECG
electrocardiogram or electrocardiography
ECHO virus
enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus
ENT
ear, nose and throat
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate

F

FEV1
forced expiratory volume in the first second
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone

G

G6PD
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
GAS
group A Streptococcus
GBS
group B Streptococcus
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
GGT
gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase
GI
gastrointestinal
GLA
gamma-linolenic acid
GTT
glucose tolerance test
GU
genitourinary

H

HbA1 C
glycosylated hemoglobin
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HDL
high-density lipoprotein
HELLP
hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
HMG-CoA
HMG co-enzyme A (statin)
HPV
human papillomavirus
HRT
hormone replacement therapy
hs
at bedtime

I

IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
INH
isoniazid or isonicotinyl hydrazine
INR
international normalized ratio
IU
international units
IUD
intrauterine device
IUGR
intrauterine growth retardation
IV
intravenous

J

JVP
jugular venous pressure

L

LDH
lactate dehydrogenase
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
LFT
liver function tests

M

MCHC
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCP
metacarpophalangeal
MCV
mean corpuscular volume
MDI
metered dose inhaler
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging

N

NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

O

OC
oral contraceptive
OCP
oral contraceptive pills
od
once daily
OTC
over-the-counter

P

Pap
Papanicolaou test
pc
after a meal
PCP
phencyclidine
PEFR
peak expiratory flow rate
PERRLA
pupils equal, round, reactive to light; accommodation normal
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP
proximal interphalangeal
PMI
point of maximal impulse
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
PO
by mouth
PPD
purified protein derivative
prn
as required
PSA
prostate surface antigen
PT
prothrombin time
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
PUD
peptic ulcer disease
PV
per vagina
PVC
premature ventricular contractions

Q

q#h
every # hours
qid
four times a day

R

RBC
red blood cells
RhIG
Rh immune globulin

S

SC
subcutaneous
SD
standard deviation
SL
sublingual
SPE
serum protein electrophoresis
SSRI
selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors
STD
sexually transmitted disease
STSS
streptococcal toxic shock syndrome

T

T4
thyroxine
TB
tuberculosis
TIA
transient ischemic attack
TIBC
total iron-binding capacity
tid
three times a day
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone

V

VDRL
Venereal Disease Research Laboratory
VLDL
very-low-density lipoprotein

W

WBC
white blood cells
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