Decision-Making Policy Manual for Board Members

About this publication

Publication author: Parole Board of Canada
Third Edition, No. 3 – 2024-01-02


The Parole Board of Canada, as part of the criminal justice system, contributes to the protection of society by facilitating, as appropriate, the timely reintegration of offenders and the sustained rehabilitation of individuals into society as law-abiding citizens. The Board makes independent, quality conditional release, record suspension and expungement decisions, as well as clemency recommendations, in a transparent and accountable manner, while respecting diversity and the rights of offenders and victims.


In accordance with subsection 151(2) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and section 4.4 of the Criminal Records Act, Parole Board of Canada policies relating to conditional release and pardon/record suspension decision-making are adopted by the Executive Committee, in consultation with Board members (also referred to as the Board).

The purpose of the Decision-Making Policy Manual for Board Members is to support Board members in exercising their discretionary authority and meeting the objectives of the statutory framework, in a manner that complies with the duty to act fairly, respects the rights of offenders and victims, and is responsive to offenders’ diverse backgrounds and needs.

Table of Contents

  1. Information for Decision-Making
    1. 1.1 Information Standards for Conditional Release Decision-Making
    2. 1.2 Information from Victims
    3. 1.3 Psychological and Psychiatric Assessments
    4. 1.4 Disclosure of Information to Offenders
  2. Conditional Release Decision-Making
    1. 2.1 Conditional Release Decision-Making
  3. Temporary Absences
    1. 3.1 Temporary Absences
  4. Parole
    1. 4.1 Parole
      1. 4.1.1 Parole by Exception
  5. Detention
    1. 5.1 Detention
  6. Release Conditions
    1. 6.1 Release Conditions
    2. 6.2 Statutory Release – Residency Condition
    3. 6.3 Leave Privileges
  7. Post-Release
    1. 7.1 Post-Release
  8. Miscellaneous
    1. 8.1 Offenders with an Indeterminate Sentence as a Result of a Dangerous Offender or Dangerous Sexual Offender Designation
    2. 8.2 Offenders with a Long-Term Supervision Order
    3. 8.3 Provincial/Territorial Offenders
    4. 8.4 Removal Orders, Extradition and Voluntary Departure
  9. Hearings and Reviews
    1. 9.1 Hearings
      1. 9.1.1 Culturally Responsive Hearings
    2. 9.2 Interpreters
    3. 9.3 Assistants at Hearings
    4. 9.4 Observers at Hearings
    5. 9.5 Victim Requests to Listen to Audio Recordings of Hearings
  10. Waivers, Withdrawals, Adjournments and Postponements
    1. 10.1 Waivers
    2. 10.2 Withdrawals
    3. 10.3 Adjournments
    4. 10.4 Postponements
  11. Appeals
    1. 11.1 Appeals
  12. Pardons/Record Suspensions, Driving Prohibition Orders and the Royal Prerogative of Mercy
    1. 12.1 Pardons/Record Suspensions
    2. 12.2 Driving Prohibition Orders
    3. 12.3 Hearings for Pardons/Record Suspensions, Driving Prohibition Orders and the Royal Prerogative of Mercy
  13. Annexes
    1. Annexe A Glossary
    2. Annexe B Eligibilities Table for Conditional Release
    3. Annexe C Temporary Absences: Frequency, Duration and Granting Authority
    4. Annexe D Accelerated Review
    5. Annexe E Eligibilities Table for Pardons
    6. Annexe F Eligibilities Table for Record Suspensions
    7. Annexe G Amendments to the Decision-Making Policy Manual

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