Health Status of Canadians 2016: Report of the Chief Public Health Officer - What is influencing our health? - Smoking
What is influencing our health?
In 2015, just under 4 million or just over 1 in 10 Canadians smoked regularly or occasionally (see Figure 1)Footnote 1.
Canadians who smoked daily consumed an average of 14 cigarettes a day.Footnote 1
Smoking is a leading cause of preventable disease and premature death. Both smoking and exposure to second-hand smoke have been linked to a number of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and other chronic conditions.Footnote 3-7
Did you know?
More Canadians are trying e-cigarettes. In 2015, approximately 3.9 million or 13% of Canadians 15 years and older had tried e-cigarettes compared to 2.5 million or 9% in 2013.Footnote 1,Footnote 2 Young adults are most likely to try e-cigarettes with 31% or 734,000 Canadians aged 20 to 24 years saying they tried them in 2015.Footnote 1,Footnote 2
Over time, by sex
In 1999, 25% of Canadians 15 years and older were daily or occasional smokers. By 2015, this had dropped to 13%.Footnote 1,Footnote 8 In 2015, 16% of men and 10% of women were current smokers (see Figure 2)Footnote 1. Men smoked an average of 15 cigarettes per day while women smoked 12.Footnote 1
In 2013, 27% of people living in the lowest-income households and 14% of people living in the highest-income households said they smoked.Footnote 10
In 2015, young adults were most likely to smoke compared to other age groups.Footnote 1,Footnote 2 Only adults aged 25 years and older have were less likely to smoke in 2015 than in 2013.Footnote 1,Footnote 2
|15-19||20-24||25 and older|
Data on smoking in Indigenous populations are not directly comparable to the data described above. Among First Nations on-reserve, adults were more likely to smoke on a daily basis than youth.Footnote 11
|18 years and older||43%|
|12 to 17 years||20%|
In 2007-2010, Indigenous peoples were more likely say they smoked daily or occasionally than non-Indigenous people.Footnote 12
Data presented in this table are adjusted by age. Indigenous populations tend to be younger than non-Indigenous populations which can affect the ability to compare data across groups.
|First Nations off reserve||40%|
Canada continues to have the second lowest smoking proportion of people who smoke among G7 countries. Between 1994 and 2014, the percent of people who smoked daily decreased by 45% in Canada compared to a reduction of 39% in the United States and that of 20% in France (see Figure 3)Footnote 13.
Notes to the reader
- Data on smoking are measured among Canadians aged 15 years and over who have identified themselves as current smoker (either daily smokers or occasional smokers).Footnote 1
- Indigenous populations consist of First Nations, Métis and Inuit.
- G7 countries include seven of the world's industrialized countries, namely the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Canada that form an informal discussion group and economic partnership.
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